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5 and a half ways to make movie masterpieces at home

<p>Isolation is a common theme in cinema: stranded on an island (<a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0162222/">Cast Away</a>), in space (<a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1454468/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Gravity</a> or <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3659388/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">The Martian</a>), on a boat (<a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0454876/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Life of Pi</a>), stuck in the desert (<a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1542344/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">127 hours</a>), or simply confined to an apartment (<a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0047396/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">Rear Window</a>). But what about when the filmmakers themselves are stranded?</p> <p>Luckily, most of us are carrying sophisticated cameras in our pockets and have easy access to online film libraries and creative collaborators.</p> <p>As <a href="https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199791286/obo-9780199791286-0052.xml">psychoanalytic approaches to filmmaking</a> reveal, our screens have a unique ability to see beyond reality. Our screens reach into the deepest depths of our desires, fantasies, and emotional landscapes.</p> <p>Here are five approaches to filmmaking that can challenge our perception of the world, from the (dis)comfort of your own home:</p> <p><strong>1. Video diary</strong></p> <p>I’m not referring to the kind of YouTube vlogging that made <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/14/fashion/jenna-marbles.html">Jenna Marbles</a> a millionaire, nor the diary room confessional of Big Brother, but a visual rendition of expressive journal keeping.</p> <p>Avant-garde filmmaker <a href="https://www.newyorker.com/news/postscript/my-debt-to-jonas-mekas">Jonas Mekas</a> pioneered the film diary in the 1960s by experimenting with the camera’s limits – incorrect exposure, disorderly movement, re-arranging time, and injecting a poetic voice. The challenge here is to portray your inner experience and not let the recording device simply “capture” it.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/kzkzQExJ9rc?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span class="caption">Jonas Mekas – Always Beginning | TateShots.</span></p> <p>If diaristic wanderings prove difficult, Gillian Leahy’s <a href="https://vimeo.com/ondemand/mylifewithoutsteve/179709856">My Life Without Steve</a> is a beautiful example of what can be achieved in a single apartment. The reflective narration from protagonist Liz guides us through emotional turmoil, memory, and theories of lost love.</p> <p>Additionally, the meticulous still-life compositions by cinematographer Erika Addis, entirely restricted to the apartment space, offer an intimacy and familiarity beyond words: streetlights dancing on the water, a steaming kettle, floral wallpaper …</p> <p><strong>2. Location home</strong></p> <p>Sometimes the location can be more significant than the person. This is certainly the case in films documenting imprisonment such as Berhouz Boochani’s experience of Manus Island detention centre in <a href="https://vimeo.com/230860000">Chauka, Please Tell Us The Time</a>, or Jafar Panahi’s discrete autobiography <a href="https://youtu.be/ajOgE_BPLVU">This Is Not A Film</a> recorded under house arrest in Iran. In 2015, <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2415458/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">The Wolfpack</a> told the unusual tale of seven brothers confined to a New York apartment with Hollywood movies as their window onto the world.</p> <p>Isolation offers an opportunity to interrogate the politics of home. The 1970s feminist movement gave rise to scathing critiques of gender-based domestic roles. Martha Rosler’s video art performance <a href="https://www.moma.org/collection/works/88937">Semiotics of the Kitchen</a> has inspired generations of classroom appropriations. The crude infomercial inspired performance undermine both the authority of the camera and the kitchen as a space of domination.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/oDUDzSDA8q0?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span class="caption">Semiotics in the Kitchen (1975)</span></p> <p>Chantal Akerman’s <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0073198/">Jeanne Dielman, 23, Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles</a>, also released in 1975, offers a less obvious subversion of domesticity. The protagonist is a single mother undertaking sex work as part of her daily routine to provide for her child. Rather than sensationalising prostitution, the camera respectfully captures the subtle gestures and emotions of the working mother.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Ih3nBxjkBH8?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span class="caption">Jeanne Dielman, 23, Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles.</span></p> <p><strong>3. Online collaboration</strong></p> <p>Collaborative media comes in many forms: participatory video, citizen media, user-generated and crowd-sourced content.</p> <p>Collaborative approaches to filmmaking were pioneered by visual anthropologists attempting to accurately and ethically record foreign cultures. Handing the camera over was seen as a way to access insider knowledge. YouTube and Instagram could be considered large-scale collaborative media projects. More coherent and meaningful projects focus on a particular theme or creative parameter.</p> <p>User-generated content (UGC) and fan-based creations have since become common to the genre, such as <a href="https://vimeo.com/15416762">The Johnny Cash Project</a>, <a href="https://youtu.be/CB5ib4ouxes">Shrek Retold</a>, and <a href="https://vimeo.com/29174093">Man With A Movie Camera: The Global Remake</a>.</p> <p>Joseph Gordon-Levitt’s <a href="https://hitrecord.org">HitRecord</a> is one of the most innovative UGC platforms with more than 750,000 contributors and the opportunity to get paid if the production makes money. By investing in personal contributions, the audience gains a sense of proprietorship over the project and boost distribution through their social networks.</p> <p>The best examples of collaborative media are highly curated and elaborately produced. The National Film Board of Canada (NFB) and Katerina Cizek have produced a series of ambitious multimedia compilations under the <a href="http://highrise.nfb.ca">Highrise projects</a>. Of these projects, <a href="http://outmywindow.nfb.ca/#/outmywindow">Out My Window</a> is perhaps the most relevant to our current experience, featuring 13 participants from around the globe sharing personal stories from their highrise homes.</p> <p>Collaborative media offers a multitude of voices to common themes and experiences. The trick to maintaining cohesion and continuity is to formulate detailed instructions for how to contribute.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><iframe src="https://player.vimeo.com/video/31376449" width="500" height="281" frameborder="0" webkitallowfullscreen="" mozallowfullscreen="" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span class="caption">Highrise / One Millionth Tower | National Film Board of Canada.</span></p> <p><strong>4. Found footage</strong></p> <p>Found footage documentaries are composed entirely from existing media. The recent surge in this genre such as <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8760684/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">Apollo 11</a>, <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt5433114/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Maradona</a>, <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2870648/?ref_=fn_al_tt_2">Amy</a>, and <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt7694570/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">The Final Quarter</a> about footballer Adam Goodes, all demonstrate that filmmakers need not touch a camera to produce a cinematic masterpiece.</p> <p>While we may not individually be able to acquire rights to copyrighted material, most of us are unwittingly accumulating extensive media archives of our lives. The popular <a href="https://1se.co/">1 Second Everyday</a> app demonstrates how existing phone footage can be transformed into a revealing and enthralling sequence through rhythm-based montage.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/lyx6O_WFJhU?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span class="caption">1 Second Everyday.</span></p> <p><strong>5. Machinima</strong></p> <p><a href="https://voices.uchicago.edu/machinima/sample-page/">Machinima</a> (machine-cinema) is an innovative alternative to animation, in which detailed 3D graphics engines of computer games are used as cinematic stages. Most of the productions in this genre mimic mainstream comedy and action movies but there are a few examples of how the artform can interrogate our relationship to virtual worlds.</p> <p>Nominated for the “Weird” category of the <a href="https://www.webbyawards.com/">Webby Awards</a> for online excellence, the narrator of <a href="https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1tAmAFSc-YS63RrFMwkG0GuPVN70ku_G">Grand Theft Auto Pacifist</a> navigates the ultra-violent game world, understood as an extension of our lived society, in a hilarious experiment to see if he can exist peacefully.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/nDRKbYNjRic?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span class="caption">Grand Theft Auto Pacifist.</span></p> <p>But be warned, the first person I knew to go down the machinima path disappeared without a trace for two months, lost to the <a href="https://worldofwarcraft.com/en-gb/">World of Warcraft</a>.</p> <p><strong>The ½ – since it’s not for everyone</strong></p> <p>Lastly, my half recommendation. While not something I can recommend to students, during this difficult period of social distancing those of us fortunate enough to be isolated with loved ones might use the opportunity to master the elusive art of sexual desire … erotica.</p> <p>Again, the camera need not be enslaved as a witness but can be recruited to explore the psychological and physical playing field of our desires.</p> <p>And not all of your filmmaking need be shared around.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/134907/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: https://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/aaron-burton-676917">Aaron Burton</a>, Lecturer in Media Arts, <a href="https://theconversation.com/institutions/university-of-wollongong-711">University of Wollongong</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="https://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/great-time-to-try-5-ways-to-make-movie-masterpieces-at-home-134907">original article</a>.</em></p>

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Wonderful unseen photos of Robin Williams found during self-isolation

<p>Robin Williams’ daughter Zelda has shared an unearthed photograph she took with her father while spring cleaning her house during self-isolation.</p> <p>The 30-year-old actress took to Twitter on Wednesday evening to share the treasure she found – a polaroid snap reel she took with her late dad – to fans.</p> <p>“Isolation spring cleaning is turning up some fun old gems,” she wrote.</p> <p>The montage of pictures showed the pair pulling funny faces for the camera, in classic Williams’ fashion.</p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7835202/robbin-williams-1.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/e2ff309c5ba34b20b2b0fcb68ae3a8a9" /></p> <p>Fans were quick to commend Zelda for sharing the post, writing: “I bet he was the most fun dad ever. We all miss him like he was ours”.</p> <p>Another wrote “Your dad was a comet that only comes around once in a lifetime. Special human being.”</p> <p>Zelda is the daughter to Robin and his second wife, who is a film producer, Marsha Grace Williams.</p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7835204/robbin-williams.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/6153a1bd2d4e4fc4b4da99c953c350d9" /></p> <p>Robin, whose daughter was born just 10 days after her dad’s 38th birthday, admitted he named her after Princess Zelda from The Legend of Zelda video game series. </p> <p>The Oscar-winning actor, who died at the age of 63, became a household name for his portrayal of Mork from Ork on the hit sitcom<span> </span>Happy Days<span> </span>and its spin-off<span> </span>Mork &amp; Mindy. </p>

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Film review: Moffie is a harrowing meditation on white masculinity

<p>In the opening moments of the film <em><a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt10699362/">Moffie</a></em>, Nicholas van der Swart is walking away from a family gathering. As he disappears into the darkness, he is wishing that a part of himself will disappear.</p> <p>It’s 1981. The 16-year-old is about to leave for his two years of <a href="http://www.saha.org.za/youth/the_militarisation_of_the_south_african_state.htm">conscription</a> into the South African army. During <a href="https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/history-apartheid-south-africa">apartheid</a> it was compulsory for white men to serve in the military because South Africa was waging wars against liberation forces on its borders and beyond. Nicholas must enlist to fight the <a href="https://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/media/documents/publication/CWIHP_SouthAfrica_Final_Web.pdf">“communist threat”</a> at the <a href="https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/angolan-civil-war-1975-2002-brief-history">Angolan border</a>.</p> <p>Nicholas is gay. To the Christian nationalist rulers, he is just as much of a threat as the black resistance fighters who are nameless, faceless enemies to be exterminated in the film. Everything that is not <a href="https://theconversation.com/the-lingering-unspoken-pain-of-white-youth-who-fought-for-apartheid-46218">in service of the apartheid state</a>must be extinguished or repressed.</p> <p><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/rMOycDIbNTg" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p>This repression is hammered home for the viewer through the constant verbal assaults that the young men suffer – and mete out – during their military training. In the South Africa portrayed in <em>Moffie</em>, every white character, be it a parent, general, pastor, even a friend, is policing borders and boundaries; there are clear lines that cannot be crossed.</p> <p>Moffie examines the violent persecution of gay men under apartheid.</p> <p><strong>Violence and language</strong></p> <p>The most powerful way that this mental conditioning takes place in the film is through the use of the word <a href="https://dsae.co.za/entry/moffie/e04835">“moffie”</a> (often translated as “faggot”) which those in charge use relentlessly to <a href="https://www.channel24.co.za/Movies/News/watch-marc-lottering-armand-aucamp-pieter-dirk-uys-on-being-called-a-moffie-20200305">insult and control</a> the troops. The scenes of training are often harrowing, and the word comes to be an act of violence on the viewer as well.</p> <p>Its effect is to strip away any resistance, and to associate femininity, diverse sexuality and any emotional range as weakness. To be gay, then, is the ultimate offence against this regime of machismo.</p> <p>The violence of the word is reinforced with physical violence – menial tasks that lead to exhaustion and deprivation – along with other epithets (racist, gender shaming) that destroy any sense of self-worth or individuality. The young recruits are becoming the men that apartheid South Africa needs in order to cling to life: men who are violent, hateful and emotionless.</p> <p><strong>Fear and desire</strong></p> <p>Only in moments of darkness and isolation do the characters feel able to be intimate. In the first scene where Nicholas (Kai Luke Brümmer) is alone with his love interest, Dylan Stassen (Ryan de Villiers), the young men are ordered to spend the night waiting in deep trenches.</p> <p>Their commanding officer, Sergeant Brand (Hilton Pelser), seems to take pleasure in setting a boundary that they cannot cross, to stay in the trenches no matter what, until the sun rises. What Nicholas and Dylan find, trapped in the confines of these limitations on their freedom and movement, is a moment of intimacy, a spark of desire.</p> <p>The fear that Nicholas feels in realising his attraction for Dylan is palpable. He can never be caught, because not only will he be subject to violence, but he will be sent to a mental facility to “cure” him of his desire.</p> <p>These forbidden moments are riddled with anxiety, which seems to rob the boys of the love story which this film might have become.</p> <p><strong>The black body</strong></p> <p>Hermanus is masterful in linking oppressive masculinity to racism in <em>Moffie</em>. I’ve <a href="http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S1021-14972018000100002">written before</a> about his 2011 film, <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1922721/"><em>Skoonheid</em> (Beauty)</a>, and how toxic masculinity and racism place limits on intimacy.</p> <p><em>Moffie</em> is in many ways a superior film, with striking cinematography emphasising the bleakness of the surroundings and a punching, unnerving score that points to the conflict and anxiety of the characters.</p> <p>The film is bookended by two moments of violence against black characters. The first is when the young conscripts throw a bag of vomit into the face of a black man, demanding he not sit on a bench at a train station. The second is when Nicholas kills a black soldier in combat. Nicholas looking down at the corpse, in the dark of the night that he had once found refuge in, shows how he can never escape the racist and patriarchal duties that define apartheid.</p> <p>There is a similar consciously political placement of black bodies in <em>Skoonheid</em>. Hermanus – a black man – features black characters in two highly charged moments in a film about the secret gay sex lives of white Afrikaner farmers. The one is before a sex scene and the other is on a university campus as <em>Skoonheid</em>reaches its terrible conclusion.</p> <p><strong>Standout performances</strong></p> <p>The actors in <em>Moffie</em> brilliantly portray these moments of being subject to the assault of toxic masculinity, with a particularly strong performance by Matthew Vey, who plays Nicholas’s best friend, Michael. Another strong performance is from Stefan Vermaak, who plays Oscar, the more willing participant in racist and patriarchal ideology.</p> <p>Brümmer’s powerful performance as the central character shows both subtle resistance and then participation as an agent of the apartheid state.</p> <p>At the end, it is unclear whether the young men are able to escape the encroaching ideology that dictates their lives, and whether the moments of refuge and isolation are enough to free them from the memory of the incessant labelling of “moffie” that defined their youth.</p> <p><em>Moffie</em> is a challenging and deeply affecting film that represents the important, often overlooked realities of living in apartheid for gay men.</p> <p><em>Written by Grant Andrews. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/film-review-moffie-is-a-harrowing-meditation-on-white-masculinity-133182">The Conversation.</a></em></p>

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Tom Hanks and Rita Wilson released from hospital following coronavirus diagnosis

<p><span>After testing positive for coronavirus last week, Tom Hanks and Rita Wilson have left the Queensland hospital they were being treated at.</span></p> <p><em>PEOPLE<span> </span></em>reported that according to the Hollywood star’s rep, the couple are now taking it easy at their home where they remain in quarantine.</p> <p>The couple, who tied the knot in 1988, have been in Australia for pre-production of Baz Luhrmann’s upcoming Elvis Presley biopic in which Hanks plays Presley’s manager, Colonel Tom Parker.</p> <p>Last Thursday, Hanks took to Instagram to reveal that he and Wilson had contracted COVID-19.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B9qBEyjJu4B/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B9qBEyjJu4B/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">Hello folks. @ritawilson and I want to thank everyone here Down Under who are taking such good care of us. We have Covid-19 and are in isolation so we do not spread it to anyone else. There are those for whom it could lead to a very serious illness. We are taking it one-day-at-a-time. There are things we can all do to get through this by following the advice of experts and taking care of ourselves and each other, no? Remember, despite all the current events, there is no crying in baseball. Hanx</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/tomhanks/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Tom Hanks</a> (@tomhanks) on Mar 12, 2020 at 7:08pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>"Hello, folks. Rita and I are down here in Australia. We felt a bit tired, like we had colds, and some body aches. Rita had some chills that came and went. Slight fevers too. To play things right, as is needed in the world right now, we were tested for the Coronavirus, and were found to be positive," he shared on Instagram and Twitter. "Well, now. What to do next? The Medical Officials have protocols that must be followed.</p> <p>"We Hanks' will be tested, observed, and isolated for as long as public health and safety requires. Not much more to it than a one-day-at-a-time approach, no? We'll keep the world posted and updated. Take care of yourselves! Hanx!"</p> <p>Officials from Queensland released a statement last week revealing where the couple likely contracted coronavirus.</p> <p>While they did not name Hanks and Wilson specifically, they did say that all of the state’s new patients are non-contact cases. Which means they have “contracted the illness outside Australia and travelled to Queensland with the virus”, so were most probably infected in the United States or while travelling to Australia.</p>

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Hugh Jackman SLAMMED after coronavirus hand washing video gains traction

<p>Hugh Jackman has apologised after being harshly criticised for a light-hearted clip that turned ugly.</p> <p>The star was filmed dancing whilst washing his hands in a sweet response to the coronavirus pandemic that has plagued communities across the world.</p> <p>However, eagle-eyed fans spotted a small detail in the clip that irked them – a running tap.</p> <p>Jackman apologised for leaving the tap running whilst demonstrating his unusual method for washing his hands to the popular song<span> </span>Say So<span> </span>by Doja Cat.</p> <p>He later deleted the video just 12 hours later, admitting it was wrong of him to have left the tap running.</p> <p>“Thank you everyone for picking me up on my mistake, which was to wash my hands while leaving the water running the whole time,” he wrote in a changed caption.</p> <p>He added: “That was not good. I wasn’t thinking.”</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B9vGv8SnF6x/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B9vGv8SnF6x/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">Take 2. You’re ALL absolutely right. Turn off the tap whilst washing your hands. Smart, healthy practices for yourself .. and the planet. 🧼 🖐 🤚 🗺 #washyourhands #savewater #world #healthylifestyle</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/thehughjackman/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Hugh Jackman</a> (@thehughjackman) on Mar 14, 2020 at 6:43pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>However, just a few hours later the Australian actor chose to delete the video from all social media.</p> <p>The Greatest Showman<span> </span>star then returned to social media for a revised and re-filmed clip of him washing his hands – this time however, he turned off the tap.</p> <p>“Take 2. You’re ALL absolutely right,” he wrote in the caption.</p> <p>“Turn off the tap whilst washing your hands. Smart, healthy practices for yourself .. and the planet.”</p> <p>Hugh Jackman was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia in the 2019 Queen's Birthday Honours for services to performing arts and to the global community.</p>

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A brief history of invisibility on screen

<p>What would you do if you could be invisible? Would this newfound power bring out the best in you, instilling you with the courage to discreetly sabotage the efforts of evildoers? Or would the ability to slip in and out of rooms unnoticed tap into darker impulses?</p> <p>This alluring fantasy has long been fodder for filmmakers, many of whom have taken cues from the eponymous character in H.G. Wells’ 1897 novel, <em><a href="https://www.google.com/books/edition/The_Invisible_Man/vdAOAAAAIAAJ?hl=en">The Invisible Man</a></em>.</p> <p>First adapted to the screen in 1933, the invisible man (and his descendents) appeared in six films from 1933 to 1951. Now, he’ll be making his latest screen (dis)appearance in a film directed by Leigh Whannell. <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1051906/?ref_=nm_flmg_act_4">This iteration</a> takes a horror-movie tack: Its protagonist, played by Elisabeth Moss, is harassed by an ex who has faked his own death. But beyond <em>The Invisible Man</em> franchise, the concept of invisibility has inspired a raft of movies over the decades.</p> <p><a href="https://www.wesleyan.edu/academics/faculty/mlongenecker/profile.html">As a film professor who studies adaptations and series</a>, I’m most interested in the versatility of these invisible characters. They can star in cautionary tales or embody underdog heroes; they can act as vessels for social critique or vehicles for masochistic power fantasies.</p> <p><strong>The mechanics of invisibility</strong></p> <p>For almost as long as people have been appearing onscreen, they’ve been disappearing. French illusionist and experimental filmmaker <a href="https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/72124/5-pioneering-facts-about-georges-melies">Georges Méliès</a> was one of the first to toy with the concept of invisibility. Using hidden cuts, he would create the illusion of a character vanishing into thin air.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/YezJqdx7AuU?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span class="caption">Georges Méliès was one of the first filmmakers to experiment with invisibility.</span></p> <p>Universal’s 1933 <em>The Invisible Man</em> was the first official adaptation of the Wells novel. Depicting an invisible character over the course of a film was no small task. But director James Whale came up with ingenious solutions that other filmmakers would later mimic.</p> <p>The costume Whale created – <a href="https://cdn2us.denofgeek.com/sites/denofgeekus/files/styles/main_wide/public/2019/02/the-invisible-man.jpg?itok=bGORzDEq">a bandaged head, dark glasses, overcoat and gloves</a> – became the default way to represent an invisible character on screen.</p> <p>When the invisible character isn’t wearing the costume, props manipulated by wires or unseen hands would signal his presence: a bicycle rolling down the street, collapsing cushions and rocking chairs. The invisible man also, helpfully, talks a lot.</p> <p>Amazingly, all of this was done without green screens or CGI. To create the effect of invisible body parts in scenes where actor Claude Rains is wearing a suit and hat, Whale had Rains <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ysmepAjLIs&amp;feature=youtu.be&amp;t=863%22">wear a black velvet suit and be filmed against a black velvet background</a>. The filmmakers then used this footage to composite the actor’s props and costumes into the rest of the scene, making him appear invisible within the space.</p> <p><strong>The many faces of invisibility</strong></p> <p>More and more films would go on to explore the power of invisibility. But it never came to serve any one specific purpose.</p> <p>H.G. Wells had script approval over the 1933 version, so it remains relatively faithful to his original work. Like the novel, the film is about a loner scientist who chooses to test an invisibility serum he’s developed on himself – only to realize he can’t reverse the effects.</p> <p>Wells’ invisible man is an anti-hero; despite a gradual slide into violent megalomania, we’re supposed to see a tragedy of scientific ambition – and its effect on someone who loses self, soul and life in pursuit of progress.</p> <p>But starting in 1934, <a href="https://daily.jstor.org/end-american-film-censorship/">increased enforcement of the Motion Picture Production Code</a> encouraged films to be written with a clearer moral framework. So subsequent studio-era versions tended to couch invisible characters as victims who wielded the power of invisibility to right a wrong.</p> <p>For example, in 1940’s <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0032635/"><em>The Invisible Man Returns</em></a> and 1951’s <em><a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0043255/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Abbot and Costello Meet the Invisible Man</a></em>, sympathetic scientists turn wrongfully accused men invisible so they can escape capture, discover who framed them and clear their names.</p> <p>In “Invisible Agent,” a descendant of the original invisible man agrees to distribute the invisibility serum to the U.S. military to help combat the Nazis. <a href="http://blogs.ischool.berkeley.edu/i103su09/structure-projects-assignments/research-project/projects-and-presentations/film-as-propaganda-in-america-during-wwii/">Working in service of Hollywood’s propaganda goals</a>, this is the most overtly heroic version.</p> <p>1940’s <em><a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0032637/?ref_=fn_al_tt_3">The Invisible Woman</a></em>, on the other hand, addresses wider social injustices. It tells the story of a frustrated working girl who answers a kooky inventor’s ad and agrees to test-run his invisibility machine. It works – and she immediately decides to exact revenge on her cruel boss, spooking him with her disembodied voice and threatening him until he agrees to enact better working conditions.</p> <p>This film offers a variation on another recurring scenario in films that feature invisible characters: The disembodied voice of the invisible hero lectures a bewildered, frightened antagonist, assuming the voice of someone’s conscience, a ghostly judge or a voice of God.</p> <p>In a way, she gives voice to everything an audience might fantasize about saying to a belittling authority figure, whether it’s a boss, policeman or teacher.</p> <p><strong>A return to cynicism</strong></p> <p>As time goes on, films featuring invisible characters swung back towards exploring the slippery slope of granting people this superpower.</p> <p>In <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0036959/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0"><em>The Invisible Man’s Revenge</em></a>, the psychologically damaged protagonist wants to exact revenge on former friends he thinks have cheated him. As luck would have it, he conveniently stumbles upon a mad scientist willing to lend him a hand. Yes, he ends up being felled by a heroic dog, but the film nonetheless creatively imagines the horrors of power in the wrong hands.</p> <p>More recently, 2000’s <em><a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0164052/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">Hollow Man</a></em> has a title that suggests both the literal and symbolic effects of invisibility. Its invisible lead is an arrogant, entitled scientist who – like Wells’ protagonist – experiments on himself. But as he explores his powers of invisibility, he indulges himself in increasingly violent ways. Director Paul Verhoeven is known for his <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0114436/">lurid</a>, <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3716530/">often vicious</a> social critiques, and <em>Hollow Man</em> is no different: Key scenes are shot from behind the eyes of the power-mad invisible villain as he prepares to sexually assault a neighbor, forcing viewers to <a href="https://www.salon.com/2000/08/04/hollow_man/">uncomfortably consider their identification with the predator</a>.</p> <p>In a sign that times continue to change, the invisible subgenre’s 2020 entry contains a timely social critique. Rather than indulging viewers in a power fantasy, the perspective shifts back to the victim. As she attempts to convince others that her abusive ex is still alive and harassing her, it isn’t difficult to sense cultural undercurrents of <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/22/us/toxic-masculinity.html">toxic masculinity</a> and <a href="https://hbr.org/2020/01/metoos-legacy">society’s unwillingness to listen to victims</a>.</p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/marc-longenecker-942400">Marc Longenecker</a>, Assistant Professor of the Practice in Film Studies, <a href="https://theconversation.com/institutions/wesleyan-university-1361">Wesleyan University</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/a-brief-history-of-invisibility-on-screen-130175">original article</a>.</em></p>

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Shadow Catchers review: Fakes, body doubles and mirrors from the analog to the digital lens

<p><em>Review: </em><a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/exhibitions/shadow-catchers/"><em>Shadow Catchers</em></a><em> at Art Gallery of New South Wales.</em></p> <p>Last week, Russian President Vladimir Putin <a href="https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-02-28/vladimir-putin-says-he-never-used-body-double/12009780">denied using a body double</a>, saying he’d been offered one before but declined. The rest of us, in our glorious anonymity, might take up the offer. An actual person could shadow us through daily life. They could hold us tight while we attend to the task of living. They could reply to emails, chauffeur children and stand in for us at work while we go to the beach instead.</p> <p>Body doubles come into focus in a major exhibition at the Art Gallery of New South Wales. Curated by Isobel Parker Philip, <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/exhibitions/shadow-catchers/">Shadow Catchers</a> includes almost 90 works from the art gallery’s collection: photography, video, sculpture and installations from Australia’s most respected artists, alongside important international works.</p> <p>Common to the works is the use of shadows, body doubles and mirrors, many of which challenge a straight forward understanding of photography and the moving image.</p> <p><strong>The camera can lie</strong></p> <p>Shadow Catchers shows that since the <a href="https://photo-museum.org/niepce-invention-photography/">first photography in 1827</a>, the medium has given us truthful copies of ourselves and the world. However, we also know it is easily exploited. In the era of fake news, we increasingly question the veracity of images.</p> <p>One of the oldest works in the exhibition, Clarence H. White and Alfred Stieglitz’ 1907 work <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/425.1977/">Experiment 27</a> (lady in white with crystal ball), shows images have long performed a dual function of revealing but also manipulating or concealing reality. The exhibition presents us with distortions, mirror images and doppelgangers and brings us truth and fiction in equal measure.</p> <p>Viewing the works of <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/412.2016.1-120/">Patrick Pound</a>, <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=redgate-jacky">Jacky Redgate</a> and <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=phillips-debra">Debra Phillips</a>, I wondered whether I was seeing the moon, the Earth, a UFO, a mirror or a simple ball.</p> <p>I was drawn into the cosy domestic space of what I thought was a lesbian couple. Instead, I was being intimately invited by <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=phillips-emma">Emma Phillips</a> to witness the tenderness of twin attachment.</p> <p>The self-splitting allure of the mirror reveals itself in works by <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/artists/moffatt-tracey/">Tracey Moffatt</a> and <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=morley-lewis">Lewis Morley</a> (famous for his portrait of Christine Keeler). The erotic force of a simple shop mannequin is the signature of French photographer <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=molinier-pierre">Pierre Molinier</a>.</p> <p><a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=bing-ilse">Ilse Bing</a>’s intimate self-portrait from 1931 illustrates the central curatorial premise, duplicating her dark beauty in a staging of two angled mirrors where she looks both at us and away from us.</p> <p>Other highlights include eight imposing photographs by <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=raskopoulos-eugenia">Eugenia Raskopoulos</a>. Activating the illusory properties of the mirror after a hot shower, letters from the Greek alphabet are wiped onto the steamy surface.</p> <p><strong>Grand scale</strong></p> <p><a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=fairskye-merilyn">Merilyn Fairskye</a>’s large scale portraits, printed on a plastic substrate, emit a shadow onto the wall behind them and create a schism that gently ruptures the faces of her subjects.</p> <p>Body double, a work by <a href="https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/collection/works/?artist_id=rrap-julie">Julie Rrap</a>, is the centrepiece of the exhibition. The artist has worked with notions of the double in sculpture, video and photography since the early 1980s. Two silicon rubber casts of the artist’s body lie corpse-like on a stage, one face down and one face up. A ghost-like figure of a man or a woman is projected onto the bodies. The projection of the body rolls across the stage from one figure to the other, appearing to resuscitate the silicon forms.</p> <p>The organisation of the works across four rooms intermingles historical works with the contemporary, reminding us that the present is always informed by the past.</p> <p>The exhibition offers a poetic reflection and critical account of our enduring fascination with technologies of representation.</p> <p>While the exhibition successfully returns us to photography’s past and the defiant contribution of postmodern approaches to “doubling”, it neglects to question our current and future predicament.</p> <p>The world today is saturated, even drowning, in shadows, which we are too slow or too tired to catch. Today we share the world with millions of our body doubles whether we want to or not.</p> <p>Shadows and mirrors follow us through daily life and reflect us in the screens of our digital devices, ultrasound images, x-rays, dentists’ moulds; our experience of ourselves in the world is constantly mediated through the experience of seeing ourselves duplicated. Bitmoji, digital avatars, gaming skins, VR personas, Instagram feeds, CCTV surveilance and passport scans mean we have plenty of body doubles lurking in cyberspace.</p> <p>It is suggested we live in a <a href="https://www.lensculture.com/articles/mois-de-la-photo-montreal-biennale-2015-the-post-photographic-condition">post-photographic</a> time. What this means is that technology is creating images of and with us, for and not for us. These may be better or worse than our mortal bodies and mostly beyond our control.</p> <p><em>Shadow Catchers is showing at Art Gallery of New South Wales until May 17.</em></p> <p><em>Written by Cherine Fahd. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/shadow-catchers-review-fakes-body-doubles-and-mirrors-from-the-analog-to-the-digital-lens-132668"><em>The Conversation.</em></a></p> <p><em> </em></p>

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​Meghan Markle scoping out role in superhero movie

<p>Meghan, Duchess of Sussex is keen to get back into acting roles after two years away serving as a royal member, reports say.</p> <p>According to numerous sources, the Hollywood starlet is scoping out different roles for an upcoming superhero flick that could suit her well, after she permanently steps down as a senior royal member.</p> <p>Before she married husband Prince Harry, Meghan worked with agent Nick Collins of LA's Gersh Agency.</p> <p>Now it is speculated she may return to the agent to “actively search” for a suitable role in a blockbuster film, according to the<span> </span><a rel="noopener noreferrer" href="https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8060475/Its-Meghan-Marvel-Duchess-Sussex-tells-agent-role-Hollywood-superhero.html" target="_blank">Daily Mail.</a></p> <p>It is widely reported that Duchess Meghan is in the works to produce a film with Disney, who own Marvel and also distribute their franchise – and with plenty of superhero movie under their belt, it would not be a big jump for the royal to explore for her career.</p> <p>“She knows she can't carry a film as an actress,” a source told the<span> </span><a rel="noopener noreferrer" href="https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8060475/Its-Meghan-Marvel-Duchess-Sussex-tells-agent-role-Hollywood-superhero.html" target="_blank">British</a><span> </span>tabloid.  </p> <p>“People won't be able to get past the fact she's Meghan Markle. But she's determined to act again and she thinks a big, ensemble film is the way to go… something that pays big but which doesn't put her front and centre.”</p>

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Australia’s most famous bank robbery

<p>Bank robberies and dramatic ‘hold-ups’ make for gripping movie plots – but to what extent does this mirror real life?</p> <p>Just last week, a <a href="http://www.9news.com.au/national/2016/02/12/14/08/commonwealth-bank-attempted-robbery-market-street-sydney">botched bank robbery took place in Sydney’s CBD, right in front of visiting celebrity Kelly Osborne</a>, who found herself caught up in the drama.</p> <p>The unidentified man entered the Commonwealth Bank on the corner of Market and Castlereagh Streets last Friday.</p> <p>Armed with a knife, the man lunged at terrified customers and staff, demanding cash, but ended-up fleeing empty-handed towards Hyde Park. Kelly Osborne was being interviewed in the area at the time.</p> <p>The assailant is still on the run.</p> <p>Modern banks have sophisticated surveillance and security systems, and hold-ups have become relatively rare; with robbers focusing on other businesses and the internet to make their money. And while the would-be robber in the above case left empty handed, many have gotten away with a whole lot of loot.</p> <p>Let’s look at what was perhaps the most publicised bank robbery in recent Australian history – the <a href="http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/law-order/copshooting-bandit-hakki-atahan-meets-a-bloody-end-on-a-1984-dog-day-afternoon/story-fni0ffnk-1226814784658">1984 bank robbery and hostage crisis</a>.</p> <p>Australia’s Most Famous Bank Robbery</p> <p>The man behind the robbery, Hakki Atahan, wanted to get rich quickly, and, like many before him, decided that targeting a bank was the solution to his financial predicament.</p> <p>Between March 1983 and January 1984, Mr Atahan committed not just one, but an estimated 17 robberies, pocketing large sums of cash in the process. He spent the money on luxury apartments, expensive jewellery, fancy holidays and gambling.</p> <p>But his spate of robberies was ended on 31 January 1984 when he brazenly attempted to rob three banks in a single day. The first and second went off without a hitch, but by the time he got to the third bank, police were hot on his heels.</p> <p>Before Atahan demanded the cash, one of the bank employees managed to set off the alarm, with police arriving just as Atahan was stuffing the notes into his suitcase.</p> <p>Police swarmed on the bank, but couldn’t get in. When Atahan was ready to make his escape, he surrounded himself with five hostages and made his way to the getaway car. The bank manager was forced to walk in front, with a gun held to his head, while the others were so close that police could not get a clear shot.</p> <p>Five people, including Atahan, got into the car and the bank manager was ordered to drive. They travelled to Atahan’s home, where they picked up his girlfriend and set one hostage free.</p> <p>They attempted to set off again, but police cars had blockaded the area, and a helicopter hovered above. Atahad directed the bank manager to smash through the blockade. He then shot at police, hitting one officer in the face.</p> <p>Although injured, the officer was fortunate enough to survive.</p> <p>Other officers started shooting at Atahad, who was hit several times and died. All of the hostages survived, although one suffered a wound to the leg and others were cut by shattered glass.</p> <p>Atahad was a keen habitual gambler, and had just $467 to his name at the time of his death.</p> <p>Penalties for Robbery</p> <p>There is no specific offence in NSW for ‘robbing a bank’, but the offence of ‘<a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/criminal/offences/robbery/">robbery</a>’ – or stealing from a person using threats or actual violence – is covered by <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/ca190082/s94.html">section 94 of the Crimes Act 1900</a>. It comes with a maximum penalty of fourteen years’ imprisonment.</p> <p>If aggravating factors are present, such as being in company (with another) when committing the offence or being armed with an offensive weapon (such as a knife), the maximum penalty jumps to 20 years.</p> <p>And if another person is wounded or seriously injured, the maximum penalty rises to 25 years.</p> <p>As the maximum penalties suggest, the offence of robbery is taken very seriously by the courts – so much so that a ‘<a href="https://www.caselaw.nsw.gov.au/decision/549f9d993004262463b218be">guideline judgement</a>’ has been handed-down by the courts for ‘<a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/criminal/legislation/crimes-act/robbery-in-company/">robbery in company</a>’ to ensure that sentences are consistent and harsh.</p> <p>‘<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rrIAGrRpcBM">Standard non parole periods</a>’ may also apply; which are guideposts or reference points for the sentencing Judge when determining the appropriate ‘non parole period’; ie the time which must be spent in prison before an offender is eligible to apply for release.</p> <p>It is therefore crucial to take any allegations of robbery very seriously – whether you are innocent or guilty of the charges. A <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/about/">good criminal defence lawyer</a> with a <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/recent-cases/criminal/no-prison-for-4x-robbery-in-company-and-detain-for-advantage/">proven track record in robbery cases</a> will be able to draw on a wealth of experience and expertise to obtain the <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/recent-cases/criminal/no-prison-for-3-armed-robberies/">best possible result</a> in your case.</p> <p><em>Written by Ugur Nedim. Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/australias-most-famous-bank-robbery/">Sydney Criminal Lawyers.</a></em></p>

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Dame Julie Walters reveals frightening cancer diagnosis

<p>Veteran British actress Julie Walters has revealed she was diagnosed with bowel cancer in 2018.</p> <p>The<span> </span><em>Harry Potter<span> </span></em>and<span> </span><em>Mamma Mia!<span> </span></em>actress says the news of being diagnosed with stage three of the disease left her and her husband, Grant Roffey, in a state of shock.</p> <p>"I couldn't believe it," she told<span> </span><em>BBC's</em><span> </span>Victoria Derbyshire, describing the moment she told her husband as one she would “never forget”.</p> <p>"I'll never forget his face. And tears came into his eyes," she admitted.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8r1vjUgWRx/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8r1vjUgWRx/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">Julie with her husband, Grant, and her daughter, Maisie, at the Buckingham Palace when she received her OBE (1999). #buckinghampalace #obe #JulieWalters #juliewaltersbrasil #damejuliewalters #britishcomedians #mammamia #educatingrita #michaelcaine #harrypotter #juliewaltersmovies #nationaltreasure #mollyweasley #billyelliot #juliewaltersbrasil #goldenglobewinner #calendargirls #educatingritauk #baftawinner #oscarnomination #london #bafta</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/juliewaltersbrasil/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Julie Walters Brasil</a> (@juliewaltersbrasil) on Feb 17, 2020 at 2:36pm PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>The 69-year-old star says that despite being cleared of the disease around 18 months ago, the diagnosis left her pondering on her life.</p> <p>Decidedly, she has chosen to be more particular with the workloads and projects she takes on.</p> <p>The BAFTA-winning actress told Derbyshire that she visited her doctor after suffering from a number of symptoms, including indigestion, stomach pain and vomiting.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8ydB1RgmZj/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8ydB1RgmZj/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Julie Walters Brasil (@juliewaltersbrasil)</a> on Feb 20, 2020 at 4:15am PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>While filming <em>The Secret Garden</em> Walters found out that a CT scan had uncovered an abnormality in her intestine, which specialists feared was cancer.</p> <p>The star underwent surgery, which removed approximately 30cm of her colon.</p> <p> She also underwent chemotherapy – both experiences she detailed as ones that “completely changed” her perspective towards acting.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8yv0Epgmym/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8yv0Epgmym/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by The Wizarding Washingtons (@the_wizarding_washingtons)</a> on Feb 20, 2020 at 6:59am PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>"I feel like the person before the operation is different to this person," said Walters, adding that she enjoyed stepping back from her intensive workload.</p> <p>Walters has been nominated for two Academy Awards — for her supporting roles in <em>Educating Rita</em> and <em>Billy Elliot</em> — and also played Molly Weasley in the <em>Harry Potter</em> movie franchise.</p> <p>"I'm not saying I'll never act again," Walters said.</p> <p>Instead, she says she will likely opt not to star in a film that required her to work 14-hour days, five or six days a week.</p> <p>A recent scan has shown Walters she has fully recovered from her frightening ordeal.</p> <p>As she moves on to new ventures, the actress says the new “merry-go-round” of acting projects lined up for her has given her a sense of “relief”.</p>

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He's back! Billion-dollar actor returns to the big screen after two decades

<p>After a decades-long hiatus, Rick Moranis will be returning to acting for the live-action version of the Disney classic "Honey, I Shrunk the Kids".</p> <p>Moranis became one of the most in-demand comic actors of the 1980s and 1990s after blowing up on the Canadian sketch series SCTV. He went on to star in 1984’s “Ghostbusters” and its 1989 sequel, Mel Brooks’ 1987 “Star Wars” spoof “Spaceballs,” the 1978 cinematic version of the stage musical "Little Shop of Horrors", Ron Howard’s 1989 ensemble dramedy “Parenthood,” and the 1994 live-action “The Flintstones” remake.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8fb5xdHrrJ/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B8fb5xdHrrJ/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by E! News (@enews)</a> on Feb 12, 2020 at 7:00pm PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Altogether, his films have earned an incredible $1 billion at the domestic box office, not adjusting for inflation.</p> <p>Since 1997, however, Moranis has worked sporadically, doing voice-over work (2003’s “Brother Bear,” a 2018 episode of “The Goldbergs”) as well as a couple comedy albums, after stepping away from acting to raise his children in the wake of his wife’s death from cancer. </p> <p>In this, his triumphant return, the sequel to the 1989 blockbuster "Honey, I Shrunk the Kids" will see Moranis return to his role as Wayne Szalinski - the bizarre and quirky scientist who accidentally shrunk his children, along with his neighbour's kids, then went on to accidentally make his toddler enormous in 1992’s "Honey, I Blew Up the Kid". He eventually came back in 1997 for the sequel "Honey, We Shrunk Ourselves!" – one of Moranis’ last major works on camera.<br /><br />In the new movie, "Shrunk", Josh Gad will play Szalinski’s son, who will go on to unsurprisingly shrink his family.<br /><br />The original director, Joe Johnston, is returning to make the sequel, with Todd Rosenberg writing the script.</p>

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Birds of Prey renamed after flopping at the box office

<p>Margot Robbie’s <em>Birds of Prey </em>has been renamed after a disappointing opening weekend in the cinemas.</p> <p>Warner Bros. has changed the film’s name from <em><span>Birds of Prey (and the Fantabulous Emancipation of One Harley Quinn) </span></em><span>to <em>Harley Quinn: Birds of Prey</em>, less than a week after its debut.</span></p> <p><span>A studio representative told <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2020/2/11/21132868/harley-quinn-birds-of-prey-name-change-seo-warner-bros-opening-weekend-trailers?utm_campaign=theverge&amp;utm_content=chorus&amp;utm_medium=social&amp;utm_source=twitter"><em>The Verge</em></a> the name change is part of an effort to make it easier for moviegoers to find the flick. </span></p> <p><span>While the R-rated film opened at number one at the US box office, it only grossed US$33 million, coming short of the studio’s US$45 million projection. Industry expectations were around US$50 to US$55 million.</span></p> <p><span>The opening for <em>Birds of Prey</em> is the lowest so far for a DC Comics title, overtaking <em>Shazam!</em>’s record of US$53.5 million.</span></p> <p><span>In Australia, the film also earned <a href="https://mumbrella.com.au/birds-of-prey-flies-straight-to-the-top-of-the-australian-box-office-taking-almost-4m-in-its-first-weekend-616648">the top spot at the box office</a>, taking in $3.85 million across 528 screens on its first weekend.</span></p> <p><span>Directed by Cathy Yan, <em>Birds of Prey </em>depicts the story of Harley Quinn (played by Margot Robbie) who finds herself becoming allies with Huntress (Mary Elizabeth Winstead), Black Canary (Jurnee Smollett-Bell) and Renee Montoya (Rosie Perez) after her breakup with the Joker.</span></p>

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Is possessing pornography permitted in prison?

<p>According to <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27419739">some estimates</a>, around three quarters of men (76%) and over one-third of women (41%) regularly view pornographic material.</p> <p>However, there remains one place where consumption of porn is strictly prohibited: prison.</p> <p>Pornography is currently banned across <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/prisons-we-attend/">Australian prisons</a>, but there are many who believe that allowing the material could go someway towards easing tensions and aggression behind bars.</p> <p><strong>Pornography as Contraband</strong></p> <p>All prisons across Australia have a long list of items consider contraband, for which hefty penalties apply.</p> <p>In NSW <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/dont-visit-a-prison-before-reading-this/">a range of items are banned</a> including drugs, alcohol, tobacco, syringes, mobile phones, computers and various other goods.</p> <p>The NSW Justice <a href="https://www.justice.nsw.gov.au/Documents/Corrective%20Services/families-handbook_chapter%202.pdf">Families Handbook</a> explains that pornographic magazines are not allowed to be possessed in prison, nor brought in or sent to inmates.</p> <p>A maximum penalty of 2 years imprisonment and/or a fine of $2,200 applies to those who deliver or bring illegal items into prisons, or who attempt to smuggle items out of prisons.</p> <p>Visitors caught trying to bring illegal items into prisons can also be banned from visiting their loved ones for up to two years.</p> <p>Watching pornography online via a contraband phone also carrier a serious risk.</p> <p>Any inmate found in possession or a mobile phone, or any part of a mobile phone, including a SIM card or charger, faces a maximum penalty of 2 years imprisonment and/or a fine of $5,500 under <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/soa1988189/s27da.html">section 27DA of the Summary Offences Act 1988</a>.</p> <p><strong>A Question of Human Rights?</strong></p> <p>As surprising as it sounds, the question of prisoner access to pornography has been subject to a number of legal challenges internationally.</p> <p>In 2001, UK serial killer Dennis Nilsen sought to challenge a decision of the Prison Governor denying him access to Vulcan, a gay porn magazine as well as a number of other LGBT publications, through an application to the European Court of Human Rights.</p> <p>The claim was made on the basis of two Articles of the European Convention on Human Rights:</p> <ul> <li>Article 3 which protects against inhuman or degrading treatment of prisoners; and</li> <li>Article 14 which protects against discrimination.</li> </ul> <p>Nilsen’s application was refused by a single judge concluded that his lawyers had failed to establish that a breach of human rights had occurred or that the prohibition on pornography was applied in a discriminatory way.</p> <p>The idea that Nilsen was successful in his bid has become something of a ‘human rights myth’, widely reported in the media by those critical of human rights courts. However, Nilsen failed at the very first hurdle and was denied access to pornographic material. He died in 2018.</p> <p>The quest for access to pornography certainly isn’t limited to the UK.</p> <p>Last year, an Iowan judge <a href="https://www.courthousenews.com/iowa-inmates-granted-access-to-nudity-not-porn/">partially upheld</a> a claim by a number of inmates that a broadly worded prison porn ban infringed upon their First Amendment rights under the US Constitution.</p> <p>The judge didn’t set aside the ban in its entirety, but did allow for ‘non-sexually explicit depictions of nudity’ to be accessed by prisoners.</p> <p>This has followed a series of failed attempts by prisoners in other US states to fight prison porn bans, which claims recently rejected in Connecticut and Michigan.</p> <p><strong>The case for porn in prisons</strong></p> <p>There is a case to be made for prisoners to have access to pornography.</p> <p>In a <a href="https://theconversation.com/give-prisoners-internet-access-for-a-safer-and-more-humane-community-68543">2016 article</a> advocating for inmates to be given access to the internet, Dean of Swinburne Law School Professors Dan Hunter and Mirko Bagaric responded to concerns that inmates would use access pornography over the internet by remarking:</p> <p><em>Prisoners in some jurisdictions already have (limited) conjugal visits. Logically, and emotively, if prisoners can have sex, it is illogical to deny them the capacity to watch sex.</em></p> <p>Indeed, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_au/article/bjbmga/australian-prisoners-talk-about-their-secret-porn-collections">anecdotal</a> reports suggests that a thriving underground market of contraband pornography already exists in Australian prisons. This calls into question any claimed ‘success’ of current policies.</p> <p>Access to pornography by inmates is allowed in some parts of the world. For example, inmates in Antwerp have access to the internet in their cells via a system called <a href="https://www.ebo-enterprises.com/prisoncloud">PrisonCloud</a>, which allows adults films to be purchased and streamed.</p> <p>The system allows for officials to control of the kind of adult content inmates are permitted to access.</p> <p>And there is research to suggest that providing access to pornography could reduce aggression and even the <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/sexual-assault-in-prison/">sexual assaults within prison</a>.</p> <p>Indeed, recognising that inmates have the same needs and desires as members of the general population, and accommodating for those needs, could leave them feeling less stigmatised, alienated and suppressed, and ultimately promote rehabilitation.</p> <p><em>Written by Jarryd Bartle. Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/is-possessing-pornography-permitted-in-prison/">Sydney Criminal Lawyers.</a> </em></p> <p><em> </em></p>

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The stars that were considered for the Titanic

<p><span>It is difficult to imagine the 1997 classic <em>Titanic </em>without Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet. However, they were not the only actors considered by director James Cameron to portray fictional ill-fated lovers Jack Dawson and Rose DeWitt Bukater.</span></p> <p><span>Before getting Winslet onboard, the production team was reportedly interested in casting Claire Danes as Rose. Speaking on <a href="https://www.vulture.com/2020/02/claire-danes-says-she-turned-down-role-of-rose-in-titanic.html"><em>Armchair Expert With Dax Shepard</em></a> in late January, Danes said she turned down the role because she “wasn’t ready” for the fame that the big-budget flick was going to afford her.</span></p> <p><span>“I had just made this romantic epic with Leo in Mexico City, which is where they were going to shoot <em>Titanic</em>,” Danes said, referring to Baz Luhrmann-directed 1996 film <em>Romeo + Juliet</em>. </span></p> <p><span>“It was going to propel me to something I knew I didn’t have the resources to cope with. I knew I had to do a lot of foundation-building.”</span></p> <p><span>In another interview with British <a href="https://www.mythirtyspot.com/claire-danes-covers-british-gq-why-she-turned-down-titanic/"><em>GQ</em></a>, Danes also said it felt “redundant” to star in another romance with DiCaprio in such a short span of time.</span></p> <p><span>Other <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20100328230602/http:/www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,290182_3,00.html">actresses that were considered for the character</a> were Gwyneth Paltrow, Gabrielle Anwar, Angelina Jolie, Nicole Kidman, and Winona Ryder among others.</span></p> <p><span>A <a href="http://www.notstarring.com/movies/titanic">wide range of male actors</a> was also considered for the role of Jack, including Christian Bale, Macaulay Culkin, Chris O’Donnell, Johnny Depp and Brad Pitt. In 2017, Winslet revealed that she auditioned for her part with Matthew McConaughey.</span></p> <p><span>“I auditioned with Matthew, which was completely fantastic,” Winslet said on <em>Late Show With Stephen Colbert</em>. “It just wouldn’t have been the whole, Jack and Rose, Kate and Leo thing.”</span></p>

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Duchess Kate wows in white and gold frock at BAFTAS

<p>Duchess Kate has wowed in a recycled white and gold Alexander McQueen gown with eye-catching shoes as she and Prince William attended the BAFTA award ceremony as guests of honour.</p> <p>All of the attendees were urged to “dress sustainable” and rewear vintage or older pieces, which is advice the Duchess of Cambridge took on board. She first wore the gorgeous dress for a state dinner during a visit to Malaysia in 2012. </p> <p>The royal couple attended the awards ceremony for the fourth year in a row, as the Duke of Cambridge was presenting an award.</p> <p>Prince William presented the Fellowship award to Star Wars producer Kathleen Kennedy at the event and also reflected his time as BAFTA president, joking that he doesn’t know if he should be “proud or slightly alarmed” that how many winners over the last decade have “portrayed members of my own family”. </p> <p>Prince William has been president of BAFTA for the last ten years.</p> <p>He also touched on the “frustration” felt by many due to the lack of diversity at the BAFTAS.</p> <p>William said: “Both here in the UK and in many other countries across the world we are lucky to have incredible film-makers, actors, producers, directors and technicians - men and women from all backgrounds and ethnicities enriching our lives through film.</p> <p>“Yet in 2020, and not for the first time in the last few years, we find ourselves talking again about the need to do more to ensure diversity in the sector and in the awards process - that simply cannot be right in this day and age.”</p> <p>He continued: “I know that both Pippa (Harris), chair of Bafta and Amanda (Berry), Bafta CEO, share that frustration and continue to work tirelessly to ensure that creative talent is discovered and supported.</p> <p>“Bafta take this issue seriously, and following this year's nominations, have launched a full and thorough review of the entire awards process to build on their existing work and ensure that opportunities are available to everyone.”</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery to see the stunning pictures of the dynamic duo on the night.</p>

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The top five Australian crime films

<p>Australian cinema has a long history of producing raw and brutal films. And none more so, than those that explore criminal conduct. It could even be said that the outlaw defines the zeitgeist of our colonial times.</p> <p>Perhaps part of the fascination stems from the fact that when the British stormed in to begin their occupation of this land 230 years ago, the cargo they were carrying was made up of convicts.</p> <p>The occupiers were set to turn the area known today as Sydney into a vast prison camp. Indeed, some of the acts perpetrated on Antipodean screens might be seen as a reflection of the inhumanity inflicted upon the continent’s First Nations peoples.</p> <p>So, let’s take a look at five standout lawbreaker films that have left their undeniable mark on the Australian motion picture industry.</p> <p><strong>5. Stone</strong></p> <p>Released in 1974, <a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0072209/?ref_=fn_al_tt_2">Stone</a> follows a Sydney police detective of the same name, as he goes undercover with outlaw motorcycle gang the Gravediggers. Stone poses as a bikie, while he investigates who’s been knocking off members of the gang.</p> <p>The movie is a series of strung together scenes that portray the denim-clad, Satanist renegades brawling with a rival gang, racing Kawasaki bikes, and smoking pot. However, all the while, these suburban bandits are actually wreaking havoc on the streets of Sydney’s lower North Shore.</p> <p>But, despite their well-to-do surroundings, the Gravediggers are living by their own outcast code. As gang leader, the Undertaker, tells the undercover detective, “All law is based on violence. Any cat that breaks the law gets clobbered. Only difference is our law only applies to us.”</p> <p>And Stone learns this the hard way. After the bikie gang capture the gunman who’s been killing their members, the undercover cop prevents them from finishing him off.</p> <p>So, to thank Stone for getting in their way, the gang members breakdown the policeman’s front door and beat him senseless in the final scene.</p> <p><strong>4. Chopper</strong></p> <p>Uncle Chop Chop is everybody’s favourite homicidal maniac. The 2000 cinema classic <a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0221073/?ref_=nv_sr_3">Chopper</a> tracks the life of Melbourne’s notorious standover man Mark Brandon Read, who once bragged that he’d killed 19 people, but was only ever charged with one murder, which he was ultimately acquitted of.</p> <p>The film opens in the gloomy 1978 H Division of Pentridge prison, where Chopper knifes Keithy George in the neck, his best mate Jimmy stabs the thug repeatedly in front, and then, Read gets his ears hacked off in a successful attempt to get transferred out of the gaol.</p> <p>But, throughout these brutalities, Chopper’s sense of humour pervades the violent incidents. And this habit of laughing in the face of horror is nowhere better revealed than in his relationship with long-time associate Neville Bartos, played with great bravado by Vince Colosimo.</p> <p>Chopper shot Bartos before he was put inside. And on release, Read encounters him in a nightclub, where Bartos tells him he has no ill feelings, as he’s “flying” after the “crime compo” kicked in.</p> <p>But, Chopper can’t handle the niceties. And in a paranoid moment, he unloads his gun into the air above the crowd in the club.</p> <p>After he suspects Bartos has been sleeping with his girlfriend, Chopper pays him visit and demands some of the profits from his speed dealing. But, Bartos refuses. So, “the normal guy who likes a bit of torture” shoots Bartos in the hip, and then graciously drives him to the hospital to get patched up.</p> <p><strong>3. Ghosts of the Civil Dead</strong></p> <p>One of Australian cinema’s most disturbing films, <a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0095217/?ref_=ttfc_fc_tt">Ghosts of the Civil Dead</a> is a gruelling piece that takes the viewer through the slow drip of prison life. The scenes take place within Central Industrial Prison, a “new generation” correctional facility isolated in the outback.</p> <p>The film opens with text displayed on a computer monitor that reveals the maximum security facility, which is designed to house society’s most violent and unmanageable inmates, has been in perpetual lockdown for the past 37 months, due to an outbreak of violence.</p> <p>And what transpires next is an account of the events that led up to the lockdown.</p> <p>Director John Hillcoat’s 1988 debut film is a damning critique of the privatisation of prisons, as well as the dehumanising effect correctional institutions have on inmates, who, rather than being rehabilitated, are further criminalised during their incarceration.</p> <p>As the patchwork narrative unfolds, it becomes apparent that the prison system is designed to provoke the inmates and the guards into greater acts of violence, so that a committee evaluating the prison can recommend that another profitable “super maximum” security facility be built.</p> <p>“You are creating a lot of angry men is what you are doing. And one day, those men are going to get out,” Ruben, one of the inmates, ominously warns an official inspecting the prison. “And that day, those people out there are going to pay for what you’re doing in here.”</p> <p><strong>2. Animal Kingdom</strong></p> <p>The opening credits of <a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1313092/?ref_=nv_sr_2">Animal Kingdom</a> are a slideshow of black and white armed hold-up photos that set the menacing tone for the film that’s going to take the audience through the unsettling world of a Melbourne crime family.</p> <p>The 2010 criminal drama, that received accolades around the globe, was based on a 1991 <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/true-crime-six-unsolved-australian-murders-part-2/">true crime</a> incident that involved the murder of two Victoria police officers. The story begins when Joshua “J” Cody’s mother overdoses, and the teenager calls on the help of his grandmother, Smurf.</p> <p>The 17-year-old then finds himself living in the midst of the criminal Cody family, who are largely financed via armed robberies. However, of late, the armed hold-up squad are cracking down, and officers murder family friend and key member of the stick-up crew, Baz, in a car park.</p> <p>Pope, J’s uncle, wants to exact revenge on the police force. So, he and his two brothers set up an ambush in a suburban street that draws two random young officers to investigate an abandoned car parked in the middle of the road. And when they arrive, the Cody brothers shoot them point-blank.</p> <p>Played by Ben Mendelsohn, Pope is one of the most chilling characters in Australian film. The subsequent police investigation into the murders causes him to begin removing any loose ends that might lead to his conviction. And as the suspense grows, the story unfolds towards a sinister end.</p> <p><strong>1. Mad Max</strong></p> <p>Directed by George Miller, <a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0079501/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Mad Max</a> is a milestone in Australian cinema. The 1979 classic led to a series of sequels, but what makes the original so significant is that it’s set in the not-too-distant future, where the violence and disorder seem just around the corner.</p> <p>Max Rockatansky, a young Mel Gibson, is a member of the outback highway police, known as the Main Force Patrol (MFP). And of late, an outlaw motorcycle gang, led by the Toecutter and Bubba Zanetti, are terrorising the local population.</p> <p>In this dystopian world, the rule of law is failing, which is signified by MFP headquarters, which is a series of dilapidated buildings. Above the front gate is a sign that reads “Halls of Justice,” and some of the lettering is beginning to slip out of place.</p> <p>A further sign that the system is falling apart, is when Max and his fellow officer Goose bring in one of the bikies for an alleged rape. But, when the offender, Johnny the Boy, goes to trial, the witnesses don’t show, and the federal court closes the case, and lets the offender roam free.</p> <p>After Goose falls foul of the bikie gang, Max no longer sees the point in enforcing the law and ceases to do so. But, after the outlaw bikies run down and kill his wife and child, Max returns to the Halls of Justice to mete out his own brand of law and exact revenge on the transgressors.</p> <p><em>Written by Paul Gregoire. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/the-top-five-australian-crime-films/"><em>Sydney Criminal Law</em></a></p>

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Bong Joon-ho: The secret of the man behind Parasite

<p>For film enthusiasts around the world, there is no reason for Bong Joon-ho not to celebrate. His hit thriller <em>Parasite </em>has continued to break records – with honours from the Golden Globes and the SAG Awards – and is now a top contender for Best Picture at the Academy Awards.</p> <p>But the man himself said he is just doing what he can to “survive”.</p> <p>In an interview with <span><a href="https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2020/01/oscar-special-2020-bong-joon-ho"><em>Vanity Fair</em></a></span>, Bong said he struggled with anxiety.</p> <p>“I don’t think people around me can feel it, but I do have a lot of anxiety,” he said, mentioning his fear over appearing on <em>The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon</em>.</p> <p>“[Sometimes] I feel like a baseball player who’s forced to go up on the mound.”</p> <p>The <em>Okja </em>director and co-writer said movies saved his life.</p> <p>“A psychiatrist actually told me that I have severe anxiety, and I have severe compulsive tendencies to the point where it would be impossible for me to have a social life,” he said. “But thanks to filmmaking, I’ve been able to survive.”</p> <p>When asked whether he would take on a big studio film or a superhero franchise to reduce his anxiety, Bong rejected the idea with a laugh. “It would make me much, much, much more anxious. If I do something like that, I think I will suffocate to death,” the 50-year-old said.</p> <p>“For me to feel safe, I have to start the project, build everything up, one by one, and see it to the complete finish. I really admire directors who can easily do superhero movies and big-budget films.”</p> <p>The director is currently in talks to make a six-hour for HBO limited series of <em>Parasite</em>. “I just couldn’t include all those ideas in the two-hour running time of the film, so they’re all stored in my iPad and my goal with this limited series is to create a six-hour-long film,” Bong told TheWrap’s Sharon Waxman.</p> <p>The estimated release date for the limited series is yet to be announced.</p>

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What changes you can expect from Prince Charles when he becomes king

<p><strong>The once and future king</strong></p> <p>Unlike his mother, who unexpectedly became queen at just 25 years old when her father, King George VI, died suddenly, 71-year-old Prince Charles has spent his entire life in preparation to wear the crown. He’s the longest waiting heir apparent and will be the oldest British monarch to ever take the throne – and it’s still uncertain when that will happen. Although Queen Elizabeth II is 93 years old and the <a href="https://www.royal.uk/her-majesty-the-queen">longest-reigning</a> British monarch ever, longevity runs in her family: her father may have died young, but her mother lived to the age of 101. But with recent <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/01/world/europe/prince-charles-andrew-queen.html">reports</a> asserting Prince Charles is now taking charge of the monarchy more than ever, could he become king sooner than expected? We explore the different scenarios that may play out when the beloved Queen dies – or maybe even before.</p> <p><strong>The Queen may still be alive when Prince Charles becomes king</strong></p> <p>Rumours have been swirling in the <a href="https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4785166/Is-Queen-preparing-abdicate.html">British press</a> that as the Queen becomes older, she may pass the crown to her son, who’s fully prepared to take on all the responsibilities of the monarchy while she is still alive. This would be called a ‘regency’. But, there are many reasons <a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-reasons-queen-elizabeth-ii-will-never-give-up-the-throne">Queen Elizabeth will never give up the throne</a>.</p> <p>“I think it is unlikely that the Queen will officially retire, or that the Prince of Wales will formally assume the title of regent,” says Carolyn Harris, PhD, historian and author of <em>Raising Royalty: 1000 Years of Royal Parenting</em>. “In a radio broadcast on her 21st birthday, she vowed to devote her whole life, whether it was long or short, to the service of her people.”</p> <p>Although <a href="https://www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/research/monarchy-church-and-state/accession-and-coronation/planning-next-accession-and-coronation#Q11">comparison</a> has been made to other older European monarchs who have abdicated in recent years, Harris points out they were sworn into office through secular installation ceremonies rather than the Queen’s religious coronation ceremony in 1953, which contained sacred oaths. Even practically speaking, “the Queen is sovereign of 16 Commonwealth realms, and not all of them have a formal provision for a regency,” Harris says. “A regency might complicate the appointment of new Governors General in some of the Commonwealth realms.”</p> <p><strong>If the Queen is incapacitated, Prince Charles will become regent</strong></p> <p>But in the event that the Queen cannot actually act as queen, such as in the case of severe illness of mind or body, a regency with Prince Charles as Regent would be formed. According to the <a href="https://www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/research/monarchy-church-and-state/accession-and-coronation/planning-next-accession-and-coronation#Q11">Constitution Unit</a> of the University of London’s (UCL) School of Public Policy, medical evidence is required, and three people out of the following have to agree to declare the sovereign is incapacitated: the Queen’s consort (her husband, Prince Philip), the Lord Chancellor, the Speaker of the House of Commons, the Lord Chief Justice, and the Master of the Rolls.</p> <p>But, this isn’t the most probable scenario. Instead, what will likely happen as the Queen ages is, “The Queen will retain her title and certain royal duties, while her son the Prince of Wales assumes a greater number of her public engagements and increased decision-making power behind the scenes,” Harris says. “The Prince of Wales already undertakes overseas travel to the Commonwealth on the Queen’s behalf, and in the coming years, he will assume more of the Queen’s duties in the United Kingdom.”</p> <p><strong>Upon Queen Elizabeth’s death, Prince Charles will immediately become king</strong></p> <p>So, in all probability, the Queen will retain the crown until she passes. Here’s <a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/true-stories-lifestyle/drama/16-things-will-happen-once-queen-elizabeth-ii-dies">what will happen when Queen Elizabeth dies</a>: At the moment of her death, Prince Charles will become king. An ‘<a href="https://www.royal.uk/accession">Accession Council</a>’, consisting of the group of advisors to the sovereign known as the Privy Council, will convene at St James’s Palace, London, to formally recognise the transition and to proclaim Charles as the monarch. The King will then take an <a href="https://privycouncil.independent.gov.uk/privy-council/the-accession-council/">oath</a> to, interestingly enough, preserve the <a href="https://www.royal.uk/queens-relationship-churches-england-and-scotland-and-other-faiths">Church of Scotland</a> (this is because the sovereign is only the head of the Church of England, not the Presbyterian Church of Scotland). Parliament will then be recalled for its members to take oaths of allegiance.</p> <p><em>Written by Tina Donvito. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/food-home-garden/15-foods-you-should-never-keep-in-your-pantry?slide=allhttps://www.readersdigest.com.au/food-home-garden/15-foods-you-should-never-keep-in-your-pantry?slide=all"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><span><em> </em></span><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.co.nz/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRN93V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></p>

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