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7 rarely seen photos of royal siblings

<p><span>We’ve pulled together some rarely seen photos of members of the English royal family – past and present – with their brothers and sisters.</span></p> <p><strong>A future Queen and her little sister</strong></p> <p>In 1933, the future Queen Elizabeth II stands beside her four years younger baby sister, Princess Margaret Rose, holding a handbag that was reportedly made by disabled soldiers.</p> <p><strong>Same family, divergent destinies</strong></p> <p>Elizabeth and Margaret were born “minor” royals in that they were the daughters of the Duke of York, who was the second son of the King and therefore not expected to become a monarch. But when King Edward VIII abdicated the throne in December 1936, the Duke of York ascended, thrusting Elizabeth into the role of heir presumptive. Nevertheless, the two always remained close, although this photo from 1955 (when Elizabeth had been Queen for three years already) poetically catches the sisters as they gaze on in different directions.</p> <p><strong>Cheeky sisters</strong></p> <p>Princess Beatrice of York and her little sister, Princess Eugenie of York, enjoy playing in the snow in Switzerland. Both women are first cousins of Prince William and Prince Harry and are natural redheads, just like Harry.</p> <p><strong>Prince Harry and Prince William head off to school</strong></p> <p>In the mid-1980s, Prince Charles’s two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry, head off to the Wetherby School in London, a private pre-K program. That’s their mum, Princess Diana, standing behind them in red.</p> <p><strong>The future kings with their sister, Princess Mary</strong></p> <p>Pictured when they were much younger, Edward and Albert are shown with their sister, Princess Mary, who would one day become Princess Royal. The title, “Princess Royal” is an honour the monarch may bestow on his/her eldest daughter. The current Princess Royal is Princess Anne.</p> <p><strong>The four siblings together</strong></p> <p>Marking their forthcoming Diamond Wedding Anniversary at Clarence House in London in 2007, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh enjoy a photo opportunity with their four children, Prince Andrew, Princess Anne, Prince Edward, and Prince Charles.</p> <p><strong>Siblings and the next generation of siblings</strong></p> <p>In 1988, Princess Anne and Prince Charles brought their respective kids together, along with their parents, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. The children, pictured left to right, are Prince Harry, Zara Phillips (the daughter of Princess Anne), Prince William, and Peter Phillips (the son of Princess Anne).</p> <p><em>Written by Lauren Cahn. This article first appeared in </em><span><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/thought-provokinginspirational/19-rarely-seen-photos-of-royal-siblings"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a rel="noopener" href="http://readersdigest.innovations.co.nz/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRN93V" target="_blank"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></span></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

International Travel

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Winning pictures from Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2019 revealed

<p><span>The marmot had not been out of hibernation for long when it ventured out of the burrows – but an encounter with a fox left the rodent slack-jawed and frozen in fear.</span></p> <p><span>The dramatic image, aptly titled <em>The Moment</em>, has earned Chinese photographer Yongqing Bao the Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2019 award, given by London’s Natural History Museum.</span></p> <p><span>“Photographically, it is quite simply the perfect moment,” said chief judge Roz Kidman Cox. </span></p> <p><span>“The expressive intensity of the postures holds you transfixed, and the thread of energy between the raised paws seems to hold the protagonists in perfect balance.”</span></p> <p><span>Cox added that the photograph, which was captured in China’s Qilian Mountains, “captured such a powerful interaction between a Tibetan fox and a marmot – two species key to the ecology of this high-grassland region”.</span></p> <p><span>Natural History Museum director Michael Dixon said the image shows nature’s fragility. </span></p> <p><span>“This compelling picture captures nature’s ultimate challenge – its battle for survival,” Dixon said.</span></p> <p><span>“The area in which this was taken, often referred to as the ‘third pole’ because of the enormous water reserves held by its ice fields, is under threat from dramatic temperature rises like those seen in the Arctic.</span></p> <p><span>“At a time when precious habitats are facing increasing climate pressures, seeing these fleeting yet fascinating moments reminds us of what we need to protect.”</span></p> <p><span>Bao beat out more than 48,000 entries from 100 countries to win the prestigious title.</span></p> <p><span>14-year-old Cruz Erdmann from New Zealand was named Young Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2019 for his portrait of a bigfin reef squid in Lembeh Strait, North Sulawesi, Indonesia.</span></p> <p><span>“To dive in the pitch dark, find this beautiful squid and to be able to photograph it so elegantly, to reveal its wonderful shapes and colours, takes so much skill,” judge Theo Bosboom said.</span></p> <p><span>“What a resounding achievement for such a young photographer.”</span></p> <p><span>The Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition celebrates the world’s best nature photography. The winning images are evaluated by a panel of international experts for their artistic composition, technical innovation and truthful interpretation of the natural world.</span></p> <p><span>Scroll through the gallery to see the winning pictures from the competition.</span></p>

beauty & Style

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6 easy ways to control snails in your garden

<p>They eat their way through the garden under the cover of night, leaving a slimy trail to show where they’ve been.</p> <p>A nocturnal menace to the garden in the warm months, snails and slugs have a huge appetite for many types of plants.</p> <p>They love vegies, especially lettuce, but are happy to sample other delicacies from the spring garden smorgasbord.</p> <p>Left unchecked they’ll attack flowers, with annuals like pansies and violas a favourite feast.</p> <p>These pests like moist soil and are most active during cool weather and humid periods, so they’re especially busy in spring and early summer.</p> <p>At night, snails and slugs climb onto plants to eat foliage, hiding in leaf debris or sheltering under shrubs during the day.</p> <p><strong>Signs of invasion</strong></p> <p>Before using pest control in the garden it’s essential to correctly identify the problem and use the appropriate technique or product.</p> <p>If you know what to look for it’s easy to spot when gastropods are helping themselves to your plants.</p> <p>Healthy seedlings can disappear overnight, plus foliage and flowers show ragged or chewed-looking holes with the lower leaves of plants usually consumed first.</p> <p>Snails and slugs also leave a trail, so look for shiny streaks on foliage and silver-grey slime trails appearing on the plant, soil or pots.</p> <p>The best way to catch them in the act is to search for them by torchlight, before sunrise or after dark.</p> <p><strong>Methods of control</strong></p> <p>The only sure-fire way to keep your garden free of snails and slugs is to destroy them. There are several ways to do this, or you can use natural deterrents to keep them away from your plants by making the garden less hospitable.</p> <p><strong>Poison</strong></p> <p>Scatter pellets or apply a snail gel around plants by hand, choosing an animal-friendly product to protect pets, native birds and lizards.</p> <p><strong>Bait</strong></p> <p>Set traps baited with fresh lettuce, citrus rind or stale beer, check them daily and squash the pests or drop them into a jar of salty water.</p> <p><strong>Shock</strong></p> <p>Use copper tape as a collar for young plants and pots, or as bed edging. Copper makes an effective barrier, as it gives snails and slugs a slight electric shock. This tape is about 30mm wide.</p> <p><strong>Catch</strong></p> <p>Search and destroy snails and slugs by hand-picking them out of the garden and killing them. If you can’t bear to squash or drown them, mix a solution of equal parts vinegar and water and pour it into a spray bottle for a homemade and eco-friendly pesticide. Spray the solution directly onto both snails and slugs to kill them, but be careful where you use it as vinegar is a herbicide and will also poison your plants.</p> <p><strong>Deter</strong></p> <p>Position timber boards on the soil near vulnerable plants and the pests will migrate to the underside where they can be easily removed. Clear away decaying vegetation and debris like rocks and leaf litter to eliminate daytime hiding places. Mulch also makes a good home for snails and slugs, so keep it less than 80mm thick.</p> <p><strong>TIP:</strong> Don’t spread mulch until plants are well established and daytime temperatures are reaching 21°C.</p> <p><strong>Block</strong></p> <p>Lay barriers around plants, especially lettuces, to stop snails and slugs in their tracks. These soft-bodied pests will turn away from a sharp or scratchy barrier rather then crawl across it to get to the salad bar. Surround plants with strips of coarse grit abrasive paper or broken eggshells. Coir also works, as the tiny fibres stick to snails and slugs, making it hard for them to move.</p> <p><strong>Make a beer bait</strong></p> <p>Slugs and snails are attracted to the sweet, yeasty combination of sugar and beer, making it the ideal bait.</p> <p>Sink a shallow bowl or tub in the ground with the rim at soil level.</p> <p>Stir a pinch of sugar into 150ml of stale beer then pour the mixture into the bowl to a depth of 30mm.</p> <p>The pests will crawl into the beer for a drink and drown.</p> <p>Empty and refill the baits every two days.       </p> <p><em><span>Written by Handyman Authors. Republished with permission of </span></em><span><a href="http://www.handyman.net.au/6-easy-ways-control-snails"><em>Handyman</em></a><em>.</em></span></p>

home & Garden

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You can now visit Chernobyl’s control room

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Tourists are now able to visit the radioactive control room at Chernobyl which has been within the exclusion zone of access since the disaster more than 30 years ago.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The control room is in decay and is located at Unit Four, where the reactor exploded.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It is also the location of the deadly “elephant’s foot” radioactive mass which was discovered in the basement under the remains of the reactor.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/ByiXTkBIbSz/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/ByiXTkBIbSz/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">ChNPP from the inside: the “golden corridor” connects all the blocks of the station, including the destroyed fourth one. The name comes from the appearance of wall cladding, which creates a golden glow in the hallway. The length of the corridor is more than a kilometer! ⠀ ЧАЕС зсередини: "золотий коридор" з'єднує всі блоки станції, в тому числі, і зруйнований четвертий. Назва походить від зовнішнього вигляду обшивки стін, яка створює в коридорі золотисте світіння. Протяжність коридору - більше кілометра! ⠀ ЧАЭС изнутри: "золотой коридор" соединяет все блоки станции, в том числе, и разрушенный четвертый. Название произошло от внешнего вида обшивки стен, которая создает в коридоре золотистое свечение. Протяженность коридора - более километра!</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/chernobyltour/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> CHERNOBYL TOUR</a> (@chernobyltour) on Jun 10, 2019 at 10:03am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As the control room is still a hotbed of radioactive activity and measures at around 40,000 times the safe level, visitors are only able to visit the control room for five minutes.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The decision to open the site up to tourists came after the success of the HBO mini series </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Chernobyl</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">, which outlined the disaster and what mistakes led to it happening. </span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B06dUzTALb8/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B06dUzTALb8/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">Nowadays you can go inside the Chernobyl nuclear power station, see the main circulation pumps and one of the control rooms. Book a private tour to visit the ChNPP ☢️ ⠀ На сьогоднішній день ви можете побувати всередині Чорнобильської АЕС, побачити головні циркуляційні насоси та відвідати один з блочних щитів управління. Замовляйте приватний тур для відвідування ЧАЕС ☢️ ⠀ На сегодняшний день вы можете побывать внутри Чернобыльской АЭС, увидеть главные циркуляционные насосы и посетить один из блочных щитов управления. Заказывайте частный тур для посещения ЧАЭС ☢️</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/chernobyltour/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> CHERNOBYL TOUR</a> (@chernobyltour) on Aug 8, 2019 at 11:40am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Vitalii Viktorovych Petruk, the head of Ukraine's state agency for the Exclusion Zone, mentioned the popular TV series by name when talking on the decision to open up the site.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">"The HBO series boosted the interest to Chernobyl. Everybody now wants to see more, and we are going to satisfy the demand."</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This year alone has seen more than 85,000 visitors flock to the Ukraine to visit the infamous abandoned city.</span></p>

Travel Trouble

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83-year-old may be evicted for taking too many cookies

<p>Elsie Cruey was left shocked when she received an email telling her she could be kicked out of her apartment. </p> <p>The 83-year-old grandmother of five was issued with a strange violation that apparently could result in her losing her home - taking too many cookies from a community event. </p> <p>The apartment block, located in Virginia, U.S, was made with 62-year-old’s and up in mind. </p> <p>“On 06/12/2019 — The Resident was stopped from taking a partial gallon of milk by the Assistant Community Manager at Breakfast,” the email read, the<span> </span><em><a href="https://www.msn.com/en-au/news/world/shes-83-and-might-get-kicked-out-of-her-apartment-among-her-violations-taking-too-many-cookies/ar-AAISZBq?li=AAgfYrC">Washington Post</a><span> </span></em>read. </p> <p>“During Mix and Mingle the Resident was observed by the Community Manager taking a plate full of cookies.</p> <p>“On 06/13/2019, the resident and Community Manager had a conversation and the resident admitted to taking the cookies and having them with milk before bedtime.”</p> <p>“The Resident must immediately cease taking and/or attempting to remove food, beverages and other service items from the community events.”</p> <p>Cruey says another email popped into her inbox on September 16, this time it told her she would have to be out by October 17. </p> <p>However, Cruey says she will put up a fight and does not want to leave. </p> <p>“I adjusted to it,” she says. “And I’d be happy to stay here the rest of my life. If it takes negotiation, whatever it takes, I’d like to stay right where I am.”</p> <p>Elsie’s daughter, Sandra, said the apartment was a “perfect fit” for her mother who thrives in atmospheres where she is able to live independently. </p> <p>“I want my mother to stay, but if she can’t, I want other people to know they need to be careful before they sell their parents’ property,” she said. </p> <p>“They might think they found somewhere for their loved ones to stay long-term and later realize they were wrong.</p> <p>“You might think you found a great place, but things might change.”</p> <p><em>Images: (Theresa Vargas/TWP)</em></p>

News

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Walk your way to better health

<p>Hippocrates said that “walking is man’s best friend”. Nietzsche claimed that “all truly great thoughts are conceived while walking”. Thomas Jefferson insisted that “walking is the best possible exercise”. Are these just meaningless musings, or were they really on to something? Let’s take a closer look.</p> <p><strong>Stimulate the circulatory system</strong></p> <p>Getting in motion has obvious advantages for getting the heart rate up and the blood pumping, but there are also reports that it helps lower cholesterol and control high blood pressure. That’s good news for heart health and stroke risk reduction, but try to make it a brisk walk for at least 30 minutes a day to achieve some real benefits.</p> <p><strong>Improve immunity</strong></p> <p>Want to help keep diseases like type 2 diabetes, asthma and some cancers at bay? Then take a walk. Experts say that pacing the pegs can have a positive impact on the risk of diabetes. It can also help prevent colon, breast and womb cancers.</p> <p><strong>Watching your weight</strong></p> <p>Walking may not be enough in itself to lose masses of weight, but keeping it regular and as vigorous as possible will certainly burn more calories than you may first think. Best of all, it’s so easy to do; no preparation or equipment required. Just put one foot after the other!</p> <p><strong>Defending against dementia</strong></p> <p>We all know the prevalence of dementia in our society, especially as we grow older. Studies show that there can be demonstrable reductions in dementia risk from regular activity such as walking.</p> <p><strong>Build up your bones</strong></p> <p>Walking obviously puts your body weight onto your lower limbs and in doing so it assists in preventing osteoporosis – a major issue for those of us getting on in years.</p> <p><strong>Better balance</strong></p> <p>The intricate workings of our brain that keep us balanced when we are in motion are stimulated and improved when we walk – particularly on uneven surfaces, such as hiking trails. Train your brain and it will help prevent falls as we get older.</p> <p><strong>Open your mind</strong></p> <p>Walking certainly doesn’t take much concentration to execute, which leaves our brains free to think, create and problem-solve. Maybe Nietzsche really was right!</p> <p><strong>Mobile meditation</strong></p> <p>Our western lifestyle doesn’t really embrace the practice of sitting still and meditating all that well, but walking provides a great opportunity to allow your mind time to tune out from the tumult and give it space for serenity.</p> <p><strong>Aiding arthritis</strong></p> <p>Any type of exercise is generally difficult for arthritis sufferers to bear, but walking can be a gentle alternative that can provide benefits to assist combating this condition.</p> <p><strong>Extra energy</strong></p> <p>Walking can help give you a lift in spirits and make you feel more alive, but it also helps you sleep more soundly. This, in turn can boost your energy levels and help you live life more fully.</p> <p><em>Written by Tom Raeside. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/health/exercise/walk-your-way-to-better-health.aspx"><em>Wyza.com.au.</em></a></p>

Caring

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10 things aeroplanes aren’t cleaning as they should

<p>Just how well are aircrafts being cleaned between flights?</p> <p><strong>Illness breeding ground</strong></p> <p>Sitting amongst strangers in a confined space for any amount of time just feels like a breeding ground for illness. But how well are these aircrafts being cleaned? The answer may make you pack your own sanitising wipes ahead of your next flight.</p> <p><strong>Seatbelt buckles</strong></p> <p>Unless you ask the person sitting next to you to buckle your seatbelt (which we don’t recommend), you’re going to touch that piece of metal at least twice during a flight, once before takeoff, and once when you land. Unfortunately, these oft-used items aren’t getting the spick and span treatment you’d like. According to Travelmath, the average aeroplane seatbelt buckle tested for 230 colony-forming units (CFU) per square inch. </p> <p><strong>Seatback pockets</strong></p> <p>That slim seatback pocket looks innocent enough at first glance. After all, it holds your passenger safety information and inflight magazine. But the cloth that covers it isn’t getting much attention from cabin cleaners. According to a study conducted at Auburn University, the pocket is pretty darn disgusting. Seeing as passengers often stuff trash in that pocket (think used tissues and dirty diapers), it sees its fair share of bacteria. In fact, their study showed that the germs found in this location survived the longest out of any surface on an aeroplane at around seven days. </p> <p><strong>Tray tables</strong></p> <p>Cabin cleaners only do a speedy wipe down of aeroplanes in between flights because they simply aren’t given enough time to do more during these quick turnovers. Believe it or not, tray tables aren’t typically among the surfaces that get cleaned between domestic flights, according to the <em>Wall Street Journal</em>. They typically are only addressed during overnight cleanings. Don’t want to get sick on your next flight? </p> <p><strong>Headrest</strong></p> <p>A different study of airline hygiene conducted by Marketplace and analysed in a laboratory at the University of Guelph cited a different surface as being the most bacteria-laden – the headrest. According to their study, the “highest total aerobic count, hemolytic bacteria, and E.coli” were found here. The headrest is nearly impossible to avoid unless you bring something to slip over it, which makes sense that it would come into contact with the most germs.</p> <p><strong>Blankets</strong></p> <p>Complimentary blankets are pretty much a thing of the past among airlines these days, particularly in economy class, and that might just be a good thing. Back in 2008, the Wall Street Journal revealed that these once common aeroplane items were only washed every five to 30 days. When flying, BYOB (Bring Your Own Blanket). </p> <p><strong>The floor</strong></p> <p>A quick vacuum job in between flights does not a clean carpet make, especially when you have hundreds of pairs of shoes traipsing up and down the aisles of an aeroplane day-in and day-out. According to an article in <em>USA Today</em>, cleanliness isn’t regulated by the FAA. It’s standard that a plane goes through a deep clean about once a month and perhaps then that carpeting will get extra attention. Even so, it’s best to steer clear of placing your belongings on the floor if you can help it. Once you’ve reached your destination, here’s how to have a healthy and clean hotel stay. </p> <p><strong>Bathroom surfaces</strong></p> <p>Yes, cabin cleaners do a wipe down of lavatories after an aircraft’s passengers have deplaned, but think about how many people use the facilities during the flight and how many hours go by before that cleaning happens. In an interview with <em>TIME</em>, University of Arizona microbiologist Dr Charles Gerba said, “It’s hard to beat the restroom because the water shuts off so people can’t complete hand washing. The sinks are so small that people with large hands can’t even fit them fully underneath the faucets.” </p> <p><strong>Menus/safety information pamphlets</strong></p> <p>We’ve already addressed the icky stuff that often contaminates seatback pockets, but consider the material that’s actually supposed to be in this area. With barely ten to 15 minutes to tidy a cabin, according to the New York Times, cleaners don’t have time to wipe down every menu and safety pamphlet in those pockets. When you consider how often they are touched by human hands (and the garbage that gets tossed into the pockets), this literature is a breeding ground for gross. </p> <p><strong>Overhead air vent</strong></p> <p>Adjusting that overhead air vent is something most passengers do to personalise their limited space for comfort, but who is cleaning that surface? Likely no one. It’s one of the dirtiest spots on an aeroplane according to Travelmath. </p> <p><strong>Aisle seats</strong></p> <p>All airline seats need regular cleanings, but aisle seats could really use some extra attention that they simply aren’t getting. Why? As passengers walk to and from the bathroom they typically put their hands on the tops of the aisle seats to steady themselves. The bacteria and germs from those hands, particularly after using the lavatory, is left behind. In a study published in the journal <em>Clinical Infectious Diseases</em>, a team of researchers found that passengers sitting in aisle seats were more likely to catch the stomach flu (or norovirus) than those sitting in middle or window seats.</p> <p><em>Written by Kelly Bryant. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/flights/10-things-aeroplanes-arent-cleaning-they-should?slide=all"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.co.nz/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRN93V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

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Why cinema is not dead yet

<p>Huge technological advances in the production and consumption of feature films have led, yet again, to the claim that cinema is dead. Digital film making, distribution and projection have seen reels of “film” all but disappear. And the availability of what we want to watch, whenever and wherever we wish, has changed irrevocably our relationship with the moving image.</p> <p>The news that Netflix is showing new films <a href="https://www.esquire.com/uk/latest-news/a25261580/why-the-ballad-of-buster-scruggs-works-better-as-a-movie-than-a-series/">by the Coen Brothers</a> and <a href="https://www.wired.co.uk/article/roma-review-netflix-alfonso-cuaron">Alfonso Cuaron</a> (with only minimal theatrical screenings, so as to be eligible for the impending awards season) is being seen as yet another fundamental change in how we access film, and more specifically, “quality” cinema.</p> <p>But although cinema is barely over a century old, its reliance on technology means it has always had a turbulent time. So perhaps it is worth looking at previous announcements of the demise of the most tawdry yet popular of the arts. Are the prophets of doom just crying wolf again?</p> <p><strong>Reaction and reinvention</strong></p> <p>The “end of cinema” was first declared in the late 1920s with the introduction of synchronised sound to silent film. But film had never actually been silent – music was always an accompaniment to any screening whether by a solo pianist or a full orchestra.</p> <p>Yet purists still argued that sound would coarsen the artistic nature of cinema and make it merely a form of mass entertainment. Film production did indeed have to change to accommodate the technology required to record sound as well as a visual image, and there was a short period in which film production was bogged down by these innovations.</p> <p>But by the mid-1930s, sound was ubiquitous, making cinema an even more popular form of mass entertainment with a plethora of memorable lines of dialogue to quote.</p> <p><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/QUjxsuGwTA8?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p><strong>The threat from the sofa</strong></p> <p>The next major bump in the cinematic road came after World War II, and the beginning of the consumer age. The postwar boom saw mass employment and a host of new widely owned domestic devices. These included refrigerators, hifi systems and televisions – the new nemesis of the film industry.</p> <p>As people stayed at home to watch TV rather than going out to the cinema, film production changed. Major studios made fewer films and concentrated on bigger, more spectacular movies. Shot in glorious wide screen Technicolor, they were made to be noticeably distinct from what was available at home.</p> <p>This slump in film production did not last long, however. The big studios soon found a voracious demand for product from the upstart small screen. Soon enough, most had set up television divisions to mass produce filmed shows for syndication to broadcast networks. For Hollywood, television turned out to be more saviour than Satan.</p> <p>The next crisis came in the late 1970s with the introduction of home video devices to record and play shows and films from broadcast television. Yes, there was another slump in cinema attendances – but this was due to a variety of issues, most notably the parlous state of many cinemas which were often old, run down, and in the wrong parts of town.</p> <p>Home video had its brief moment of hysteria before studios realised that there was now a demand for prerecorded video tapes of classic films – the same films which were taking up so much space in their archives. They now had a new lease of life, at zero production cost, and a new valuable stream of revenue.</p> <p>This also led to a new pattern in film distribution. A movie now had a theatrical run, then a video release and was then sold to broadcasters for television. Again, the “death” was more of a rebirth, and a lucrative one at that, which continued with the invention of DVD and Blu-Ray.</p> <p>In fact, the film industry’s recurring problem has always been its complacency and inability to see the potential benefits of new technology. The latest revolution, streaming films and TV shows to digital devices is more problematic, and one that has dangers for the big Hollywood studios (which are now after all, mere cogs in globalised multinational corporations).</p> <p><strong>Awards and access</strong></p> <p>Amazon, Apple and Netflix have evolved from being delivery systems into becoming fully fledged entertainment businesses. They produce, distribute and exhibit their product to a mass global audience, with budgets that dwarf those of established studios. And with the promise of future Oscars and Palme D'Ors, critical recognition and respectability will make them the major forces in film production.</p> <p>So, is this the death of cinema (again), or another morphing of a global industry to changing habits and opportunities? Well, director Alphonso Cuaron’s Roma has already <a href="https://variety.com/2018/film/news/venice-film-festival-complete-list-of-winners-updated-live-1202933206/">won the Golden Lion</a> at 2018’s Venice Film Festival, and usually we would have to wait a year or so to see it as it does the round of festivals and awards.</p> <p><iframe width="440" height="260" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/6BS27ngZtxg?wmode=transparent&amp;start=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p>Instead it is now available on Netflix for anyone to watch in the comfort of their own home. Might the experience of watching a film in a cinema become exclusively the realm for big-budget blockbuster movies that employ such things as 3D, Ultra-HD, 4DX and every other technical excess that becomes available? Cinema attendances are in fact booming – attendances in 2018 are the <a href="https://news.sky.com/story/cinema-attendance-is-highest-since-the-1970s-11581982">highest since 1970</a> – so some ways in which we consume cinema remain quite traditional. It is the means of choosing a wider range of films and having near instant access to them that provide both challenges and opportunities.</p> <p>Access is now the key advantage for streaming platforms – but this will also be in a constant state of flux as technology develops ever further. These new production houses will need to respond to the new problems and opportunities that will soon be theirs to deal with. They will soon realise that cinema never really dies, it just changes.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/108447/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em>Written by <span>Martin Carter, Principal Lecturer in Film, Sheffield Hallam University</span>. Republished with permission of </em><a rel="noopener" href="https://theconversation.com/netflix-strikes-another-blow-against-the-old-school-film-industry-but-cinema-is-not-dead-yet-108447" target="_blank"><em>The Conversation</em></a><em>. </em></p>

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Notorious serial killer Ivan Milat rushed to the ICU as he “prepares for death”

<p>Notorious serial killer Ivan Milat is preparing to die as he waits under heavy guard in the ICU of Sydney’s Prince of Wales Hospital.</p> <p>Milat, 74, has been in jail since 1994 and has been in and out of hospital this year after being diagnosed with terminal oesophagus and stomach cancer back in May.</p> <p>He has been undergoing chemotherapy since then, but doctors gave him three months to live.</p> <p>Regarded as Australia’s worst serial killer, he has also undergone a series of procedures that help him eat and delay his death.</p> <p>Milat was taken from Goulburn’s Supermax jail in May to Randwick’s Prince of Wales hospital to confirm he was dying of cancer. He has since been ferried between the Sydney hospital and Long Bay jail since then.</p> <p>As the hospital wing at Long Bay doesn’t provide chemotherapy, heavily guarded trips to the Prince of Wales hospital are needed.</p> <p>Milat was found guilty of horrifically murdering seven backpacks, but has also been linked to at least a dozen other unsolved cases. However, Milat has always maintained his innocence and has refused to confess to killing the seven people police were able to convict him on.</p> <p>He is currently serving seven life sentences.</p> <p>Notorious serial killer Ivan Milat rushed to the ICU as he “prepares for death”</p> <p><span> </span>have reported that Milat is under heavy guard in the hospital’s ICU, with extra guards rostered on to watch the killer.</p> <p>In May, Milat’s nephew Alistair Shipsey told<span> </span><em><a rel="noopener" href="https://10daily.com.au/news/australia/a190516cmwul/two-weeks-left-ivan-milats-nephew-says-no-deathbed-confession-20190516" target="_blank">Network Ten</a></em><span> </span>his uncle’s condition was “very bad” and speculated he had a couple of weeks to live.</p> <p>“He was just talking about how he can’t eat, he’s lost a lot of weight, can’t keep anything down," Shipsey said.</p> <p><em>Photo credit: <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIqfBk6GglI" target="_blank">Sunday Night</a></em></p>

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“Utter disbelief”: Wallabies player’s mother involved in Israel Folau scandal

<p>Wallabies players are said to be in “utter disbelief” after a mother of young Wallabies star Jordan Petaia has admitted to “infiltrating” Israel Folau’s church.</p> <p>Helen Petaia confessed to<span> </span><em><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/wallabies-mother-infiltrates-church-run-by-israel-folaus-father/news-story/8ba7761db554bea22040c64a981e1037" target="_blank">The Herald Sun</a></em><span> </span>that she was the anonymous parent who had gone undercover in Folau’s church to learn more about it.</p> <p>She explained that she became concerned when Folau started inviting players to the church that was set up by his father Eni in 2013. The church is called the Truth of Jesus Christ Church.</p> <p>"I honestly do not want my son involved in what I have come to understand is false teachings and counterfeit Christianity,” she told <em>The Herald.</em></p> <p>Helen explained that it “disturbed her greatly” after deciding to attend the church for herself.</p> <p>“I’ve gone, I’ve checked it out and I would call them an isolated hate group.”</p> <p>However, her actions might have had the opposite effect as the Wallabies camp has sent a flood of messages of support for Folau.</p> <p>According to<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.theaustralian.com.au/nation/mother-of-wallabies-star-jordan-petaia-infiltrates-church-run-by-israel-folaus-father/news-story/582fd00bbcfc19736916671db0f5ac72" target="_blank"><em>The Australian</em></a>, “many of the messages expressed players’ disappointment and ‘utter disbelief’ that Petaia’s mother had gone to such ‘extreme lengths’, going to the media to warn of Folau’s ­religious beliefs and her concerns about his influence on young rugby players.”</p> <p>Helen has since spoken out about the controversy, saying that Folau’s father Eni has said that she’s “going to hell”.</p> <p>“I have no doubt many Christian parents would be concerned if their child was to become entangled in the false teachings and religious practices Israel Folau endorses,” she told <em><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/sport/rugby/rugby-world-cup-2019/jordan-petaias-infiltrated-israel-folaus-church-to-protect-her-son/news-story/1815de9c460381a387a6c4e6584de084" target="_blank">The Daily Telegraph</a></em>.</p> <p>“There are many Christian leaders who agree with my assessment of the Folau church.”</p>

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URGENT: Worldwide recall of common heartburn drug over cancer fears

<p>A popular medicine for heartburn and stomach ulcers known as Zantac has been urgently recalled in all markets over fears that it’s contaminated with a chemical that’s linked to cancer.</p> <p>The Medicine and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) at the UK’s Department of Health has sent an alert to healthcare professionals, calling for all unexpired stocks of four types of Zantac to be returned. These four types are made by GlaxoSmithKline.</p> <p>The recall is due to the possible contamination of ranitidine, which is the active substance in the medication that reduces stomach acid levels. There is an impurity that is linked to the development of certain cancers.</p> <p>Traces of the impurity known as N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) are found in some food and water supplies, but can be dangerous at higher concentrations.</p> <p>The four affected products, which are all prescription-only medicine are:</p> <ul> <li>Zantac 150mg/10ml Syrup,</li> <li>Zantac 50mg/2ml Injection</li> <li>Zantac 150mg Tablets</li> <li>Zantac 300mg Tablets<span> </span><span> </span> </li> </ul> <p>Doctors have been told to stop supplying the product immediately and to return all remaining stock to their supplier, according to <em><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/zantac-cancer-ranitidine-recall-heartburn-drug-prescription-gsk-health-a9148401.html" target="_blank">The Independent</a>.</em></p> <p>It’s important to note that over-the-counter products that also bear the Zantac name are made by a different company and therefore are unaffected.</p> <p>Dr Andrew Gray, MHRA deputy director of inspections, enforcement and standards, said: “Whilst this action is precautionary, the MHRA takes patient safety very seriously.</p> <p>“Patients should keep taking their current medicines but should speak to their doctor or pharmacist if they are concerned and should seek their doctor’s advice before stopping any prescribed medicines.”</p> <p>He added: “Currently, there is no evidence that medicines containing nitrosamines have caused any harm to patients, but the agency is closely monitoring the situation, and working with other regulatory agencies around the world.”</p>

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Elton John opens up in hilarious memoir about Queen Elizabeth and beloved friend Princess Diana

<p>In Elton John’s new autobiography titled<span> </span><em>Me</em>,<span> </span>the famous musician offered up some salacious information about Queen Elizabeth and his dear friend, Princess Diana. </p> <p>John, 72, recalled some of his favourite memories and first-hand experiences with members of one of the world’s most famous families. </p> <p>In a refreshing twist, the musician shared a delightful story about the British Monarch and her nephew, Princess Margaret’s son Viscount Linley. </p> <p>The Queen requested he check on his sister, Lady Armstrong-Jones, who had left a party early feeling sickly. </p> <p>However, despite Linley doing his best to avoid fulfilling the request, the Queen did not back down and instead asserted her authority. </p> <p> "When [Linley] repeatedly tried to fob her off," John wrote, per the<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://go.redirectingat.com/?id=74968X1525087&amp;xs=1&amp;url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.thetimes.co.uk%2Farticle%2Felton-john-tells-gobsmacking-tales-about-the-queen-and-diana-grpn0k5j7&amp;sref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.townandcountrymag.com%2Fsociety%2Ftradition%2Fa29388157%2Felton-john-queen-elizabeth-princess-diana-memoir-me-stories%2F" target="_blank">Times</a>, "the Queen lightly slapped him across the face, saying: “‘Don't'—slap—'argue'—slap—'with'—slap—'me'—slap—'I'—slap—'am'—slap—'THE QUEEN!'"</p> <p>After the Queen had noticed John had witnessed the entire situation, she winked at him playfully. </p> <p>"I know the Queen’s public image isn’t exactly one of wild frivolity, but... in private she could be hilarious”. </p> <p>The 72-year-old also shared some heartfelt memories of his late royal friend, Princess Di, who passed away in 1997. </p> <p>John wrote the royal was "blessed with an incredible social ease, an ability to make people feel totally comfortable in her company.”</p> <p>He also noted it was a quality both Prince William and Harry possess as well. </p> <p>The celebrity met Princess Di at a party in 1981, and apparently they were both quickly taken with her. </p> <p>He recalled the pair “immediately clicked,” and "ended up pretending to dance the Charleston while hooting at the disco’s feebleness.</p> <p>"She was fabulous company... a real gossip: you could ask her anything and she’d tell you."</p> <p>Elton John also recalled a specific instance where actor Richard Gerge and<span> </span>Rocky’s<span> </span>Sylvester Stallone fighting over Princess Di at one of John’s wedding parties. </p> <p>"Straight away, Gere and Diana seemed very taken with each other," the 72-year-old wrote. </p> <p>It was a rapport that did not go down well with Stallone. </p> <p>"I think he may have turned up to the party with the express intention of picking Diana up, only to find his plans for the evening ruined”. </p> <p>The musician added he was soon having to step in between the two actors who were seen "squaring up to each other, apparently about to settle their differences over Diana by having a fist-fight".</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery above to see Elton John with the royal family.</p>

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Prince Harry chokes up talking about Archie during speech at WellChild Awards

<p><span>Prince Harry was overcome with emotion as he spoke about becoming a father during a speech at the WellChild Awards in London.</span></p> <p><span>The awards celebrate the WellChild charity, which showcases the inspiring qualities of Britain’s ill children.</span></p> <p><span>The Duke of Sussex delivered an emotional speech about last years’ ceremony, which at the time means that the couple were secretly expecting a child.</span></p> <p><span>“They (the awards) never fail to inspire me — but this year it resonates in a different way because now I’m a father. Last year when my wife and I attended we knew that we were expecting our first child, no one else knew, but we did,” he said.</span></p> <p><span>“I remember squeezing Meghan’s hand so tight during the awards and both of us thinking what it would be like to be parents one day and more so what would it be like to protect and help our child should they be born with immediate challenges or become unwell over time.”</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B3p1a43FvaJ/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p>This evening, The Duke and Duchess of Sussex attended the annual #WellChildAwards in London. WellChild aims to ensure every child and young person living with serious health needs has the best chance to thrive with the support and medical care needed in the comfort of their own home. The Duke of Sussex became Patron of WellChild in 2007, and last year both The Duke and Duchess attended the awards to honour the children and families that WellChild supports. The Duke, who first came to these awards over a decade ago, shared in his remarks tonight: “Last year when my wife and I attended we knew we were expecting our first child - no one else did at the time, but we did - and I remember squeezing Meghan’s hand so tightly during the awards, both of us thinking what it would be like to be parents one day, and more so, what it would be like to do everything we could to protect and help our child should they be born with immediate challenges or become unwell over time.  And now, as parents, being here and speaking to all of you pulls at my heart strings in a way I could have never understood until I had a child of my own.” • To find out more about tonight’s event and how you can support this very special organization, please visit @WellChild Photos ©️ PA images</p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/sussexroyal/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> The Duke and Duchess of Sussex</a> (@sussexroyal) on Oct 15, 2019 at 2:18pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <div class="post_body"> <div class="body_text "> <p>“And now talking to all of you as parent pulls at my heart strings, in a way I never could have understood, until I had a child of my own. No parent wants to hear that there child will suffer, that they will face extraordinary challenges — that will affect them throughout their lives,” the Duke continued in his speech at this year’s event.</p> <p>“After meeting all the WellChild kids and parents over the years you have managed to give us a sense of optimism, of hope and of strength that no professional, no bestselling book or advice could ever give us — so thank you for being you.”</p> </div> </div>

International Travel

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You must try these 5 unforgettable Fiji experiences

<p>With a bounty of natural and cultural marvels, Fiji is more than just a place to stop and flop on the sand. These five unforgettable experiences highlight Fiji’s most tempting offerings – unique animal encounters, breathtaking scenery, tantalising cuisine and a touch of luxury.</p> <p><strong>Swim with sea life </strong></p> <p>Every swim in Fiji’s sparkling South Pacific waters redefines the colour blue. Known as the “soft coral capital of the world”, the islands of Fiji are brimming with opportunities to go below the surface. And you don’t need to be a seasoned deep sea diver to experience it. Swimming and snorkelling should be fun, leisurely activities where you can go at your own pace. In Fiji, this is what it’s all about. </p> <p>Fiji’s pristine beaches mean you can grab a snorkel and head straight out to explore the reefs just offshore. Most hotels and resorts will have snorkeling equipment to hire. Otherwise, you can often purchase it from the general store fairly inexpensively. For guaranteed sightings of vibrant coral and colourful fish, organising a day trip will be your best bet. </p> <p>Beqa Island Lagoon off the coast of Viti Levu is a great place for beginners. The protected reef boasts thousands of exoitic fish and anemones with regular sightings of turtles, giant clams and sharks. This is also where you can opt for a truly unique, though slightly terrifying experience. Feel the thrill and majesty of swimming side by side with the ocean’s most formidable creatures. Shark Reef Marine Reserve was established in order to study and preserve the population of sharks of Fiji’s coral coast, and now offers gutsy visitors a chance to get in the water with them. </p> <p>Would you prefer a swimming buddy with less teeth? Head to Naviti in the Yasawa Islands for the chance to swim with Manta Rays. At the south end of the island, Manta Ray passage is teeming with these velvety creatures, gliding through the water. To watch them from above is breathtaking. To swim alongside them is something else entirely. Be sure to visit during Manta season, between May and October.</p> <p><strong>Discover the islands from above</strong></p> <p>If you’re lucky enough to fly in during the day, you’ll get an entrée of what Fiji’s 330 islands look like from above. For a full course, it’s worth booking a scenic helicopter flight.</p> <p>Fiji has dozens of helicopter tour companies so do your research and choose an operator with a good safety record. Opting for a Fijian-owned and run company is a nice way to ensure your tourist dollars go towards empowering and supporting the local community. </p> <p>A popular flight route takes you on an aerial tour of Denarau, the largest integrated resort in the South Pacific. You’ll see the lush landscapes and perfectly maintained gardens of some of the biggest luxury resort chains in the South Pacific. </p> <p>Heading further inland, discover Fiji’s overgrown jungles and striking mountain landscapes. Soaring above the Mt. Evans Range, expect to see rugged volcanic formations, pockets of wild orchids and spectacular waterfalls.</p> <p>Perhaps the most popular scenic flight is the joy ride to Heart Island. Home to Tavarua Island Resort, this heart-shaped island is surrounded by balmy waters with pumping surf breaks. Each year, surfers come from all over the world flock to this heart-shaped island to take on Cloudbreak. </p> <p>Scenic helicopter flights can be expensive, but are often a once-in-a-lifetime adventure. Most resorts will have a handful of preferred tour companies they recommend to their guests. You can also organise scenic flights independently, or in advance through a travel agent. </p> <p><strong>Spend a day at the spa</strong></p> <p>Nothing says “holiday” like a relaxing spa treatment. Visitors to Fiji are spoilt for choice when it comes to getting pampered. Each resort will often have its own on-site spa, and some even offer in-room treatments so you don’t even have to go anywhere to receive a fabulous massage. </p> <p>One of Fiji’s most renowned luxury spas can be found at Yasawa Island Resort. The Bavari Spa is essentially set on the sand, with double doors opening up to a pristine, private beach. The signature treatment is a four-handed Bavari Rhythm massage which entails two masseuses working out all your knots and melting away your troubles in smooth, synchronised movements. </p> <p>Another highly-recommended outfit is the Sheraton Resort and Spa on Tokoriki Island. It’s one of the largest day spas in Fiji and is part of an adults-only island for the utmost relaxation and tranquility. Try the Fijian Warm Seashell Ritual. As the name suggests, this treatment uses locally-sourced shells to deliver a glorious massage with the help of sought-after <em>Pure Fiji</em> spa products. </p> <p>Some resorts offers complimentary massages as an added bonus, and others have great deals that include a spa treatment as part of your package. Prices will vary between locations, but visitors will find a range of affordable day spas on Denarau and Viti Levu, as well as a host of up-market outfits in the luxury resorts. You don’t need to be a guest of a resort to utilise their day spa but bookings are essential. </p> <p><strong>Take a cooking class</strong></p> <p>Fijian food is a family affair at its core. The act of cooking and eating together is central to the local way of life, not unlike Australia, However, the methods and flavours are unique to Fiji and vary from island to island. </p> <p>Visitors have a number of cooking schools to choose from when visiting Fiji. One highly-rated outfit is the Flavors of Fiji Cooking School in Nadi. Begin with a tour of Nadi’s thriving vegetable market, where you’ll pick out fresh produce to take back and turn into something tasty. Back at the nearby school, you’ll learn to cook up to eight local specialties under the guidance of experienced Fijian foodies. You’ll head home with a full belly, loads of recipes and a newfound love of cooking. </p> <p>Many resorts also offer their own cooking classes. Some are run by the chefs of the restaurants, and others bring in instructors from the local community to teach traditional Fijian cooking methods. At an all-inclusive resort, this is often a free activity. Otherwise, it may come at an additional cost. </p> <p><strong>Explore the rainforests on foot</strong></p> <p>Fiji’s color scheme is dominated by breathtaking blues and golden sands, but there’s another hue that is hard to miss. Thick forests and undulating jungles showcase every shade of green you can imagine. From sweeping valleys to towering mountain ranges, Fiji’s wilderness areas are unlike any other. That’s not to say you need to take on the most challenging hike and spend your entire holiday out of breath. Some of the most scenic walking routes are also the most leisurely. </p> <p>A trip to Tavoro Falls is not to be missed. Located in Bouma National Heritage Park on the island of Taveuni, this jungle hike encompasses a series of waterfalls with a few challenging stretches along the way. From the final vantage point, the views out to neighbouring islands are well worth the effort.</p> <p>The Sigatoka Sand Dunes offer an interesting hiking experience. Spread across 600 hectares, some of the dunes stand as high as 60 metres tall. Choose between a one or two-hour trail, discovering the excavated sites of the early Lapita people and the fascinating surrounds of Fiji’s first national park. </p> <p>You can also enjoy a stroll through the botanical gardens in Lautoka and learn about the medicinal uses of Fiji’s native flora.</p> <p><em>Written by Bethany Plint. Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.mydiscoveries.com.au/stories/fiji-experiences/">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p>

Cruising

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“I was a big fan of my mother too”: Prince William’s sweet reaction about Princess Diana

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Prince William has fondly remembered his late mother, Princess Diana, during his and the Duchess of Cambridge’s Royal Tour of Pakistan. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The royal spoke with a 14-year-old student at a government-run school in Islamabad when he a special moment took place. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The young teen told the Duke she was a fan of the late Princess Diana, to which Prince William replied: "Oh, that's very sweet of you. I was a big fan of my mother too."</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">"She came here three times. I was very small. This is my first time and it is very nice to be here and meet you all," he added.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Prince William also admitted to the student about why he became an Air Ambulance pilot, saying he’d “always wanted to learn to fly.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">"I was flying for a while actually. I love flying, I feel very free (and) I like learning a skill, I enjoy that. I can relate the science of what you do,” he said. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge kicked off the first full day of their four-day long tour in the capital city and met with a number of school kids. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The couple spoke about the importance of education, especially for young women. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The couple then met with Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan, who was a close friend of Diana's when he was married to Jemima Khan.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It is believed that Prince  William played cricket with Khan when he was a young boy. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Scroll through the gallery above to see Duchess Kate and Prince William on their Pakistan Royal Tour. </span></p> <p> </p>

International Travel

Health

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Are you always hungry? 8 reasons you can’t stop eating

<p>Can't understand why you're always feeling so hungry? Chances are you're not getting enough sleep, you're spending too much time on Facebook and you're not drinking enough water.</p> <p><strong>You went to bed too late</strong></p> <p>Skimp on sleep and you mess with your hunger hormones: ghrelin surges, leaving you feeling hungry, and leptin (which helps you feel full) sinks. Sleep loss also appears to boost blood levels of a chemical that makes eating more pleasurable – similar, believe it or not, to the effects of marijuana, according to a small, recent study from the University of Chicago. Participants who slept only about four hours at night (instead of a healthier 7.5 hours) couldn’t resist what the researchers called ‘highly palatable, rewarding foods fit for the munchies, like cookies, candy, and chips – even though they had a big meal two hours before. Your goal, starting tonight: seven to nine hours of shut-eye.</p> <p><strong>You opt for the short stack instead of the omelette</strong></p> <p>And almost every time, not long enough after your last syrup-slathered bite, your stomach is grumbling and you’re left wondering how that’s even possible. Oh, but it is: researchers at the University of Missouri found women who ate a high-protein sausage and egg breakfast felt less hungry and fuller throughout the morning, and even ate fewer kilojoules at lunch, compared to women who had a low-protein plate of pancakes and syrup in the morning, or skipped breakfast altogether. And speaking of bypassing breakfast, try not to: in another study using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), results showed eating a healthy breakfast, especially one high in protein, reduced brain signals controlling food motivation and reward-driven eating behaviour, compared to breakfast-skippers. “Protein can fight off cravings and increase satiety at meals,” says dietician Angela Ginn-Meadow, spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.</p> <p><strong>You only eat low-fat this and fat-free that</strong></p> <p>Those processed foods aren’t necessarily better for you: some have extra sugar, others more salt, and many might not even save you kilojoules. But we digress. You’re right to try and avoid trans fats, and not go crazy on the saturated versions. But you can (and should) make room for a little heart-healthy unsaturated fat in your diet, because similar to protein and filling fibre, it can also help you feel full: “Fats slow stomach emptying, as well as trigger satiety hormones,” says registered dietitian Cynthia Sass<em>.</em> All fats, including the healthy fats in olive oil, nuts, seeds, and avocados, are high in kilojoules, so stick to proper portions. The American Heart Association recommends healthy adults limit fat to 20 to 35 per cent of total daily kilojoules. </p> <p><strong>You need water</strong></p> <p>Those pangs of hunger may actually be your body telling you you’re thirsty, says Ginn-Meadow, who serves as senior education coordinator for University of Maryland Centre for Diabetes &amp; Endocrinology. So before grabbing a snack from the pantry, sip some water or have a cup of tea and wait a little to see if your cravings pass. Staying well-hydrated may also help you manage your appetite and weight, according to a study from the University of Illinois. Scientists studied the dietary habits of more than 18,300 adults and found the majority of people who upped their daily water intake by one, two, or three cups cut up to 850 daily kilojoules, as well as reduced their consumption of saturated fat, sugar, sodium, and cholesterol.</p> <p><strong>You sweat all the small stuff</strong></p> <p>We’ve all been that person mindlessly munching through a bag of chips while frantically trying to meet a deadline, or spooning ice cream from the container after getting into a fight with a friend. But when you’re stressed out all the time, cortisol hormone levels remain high, which then trigger hunger hormones. “Also, chronically elevated cortisol produces glucose, leading to increased blood sugar levels, and is also tied to insulin resistance, which increases the risk of type 2 diabetes,” adds Sass. “In this state, when blood glucose is high, but insulin isn’t functioning normally, hunger is increased, because the body thinks the cells are being starved.”</p> <p><strong>You (still) eat white bread</strong></p> <p>You have absolutely heard the advice to switch to whole grain versions: they contain fibre, so they are more filling; they contain more nutrients, so they’re healthier for you; and they are a good source of complex carbohydrates – the kind that take longer to digest, so blood sugar rises more slowly and steadily. Refined grains – found in that white bread you insist on using, as well as white rice and many sugar, white-flour foods like biscuits and crackers – have been stripped of their fibre and cause blood sugar levels to spike, then plunge, leaving you hankering for more bread, or another biscuit or three, soon after. “Essentially when your blood sugar drops it signals a need for fuel, even if kilojoules have just been stored,” explains Sass. Another reason to break the white-bread habit: researchers tracked the eating habits and weight of more than 9200 Spanish university graduates for an average of five years, and found those who only ate white bread were more likely to become overweight or obese than those who favoured whole grain bread.</p> <p><strong>You wait too long between meals</strong></p> <p>Four to five hours apart is about right. If it’s going to be closer to six hours, have a small snack in between, says Ginn-Meadow. “Eating on time allows you to better recognise hunger and satiety cues,” she says; “it also lets your body completely digest complex carbs and protein, which can help maintain a healthy metabolism.” Just make sure your meals are balanced with nutrient-rich foods such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables, dairy, and lean protein.</p> <p><strong>Your social feeds are filled with food pics</strong></p> <p>You scroll through shot after shot of the gorgeous birthday cupcakes your sister-in-law Instagrammed. You know she totally did not bake them herself, and yet your stomach is still grumbling. There’s a reason, according to a scientific review published in the journal <em>Brain and Cognition</em>. Researchers say when we see an attractive image of food, blood rushes to the parts of our brain associated with taste. So even if we’re not physically hungry, we want to eat.</p> <p><em>Written by Teresa Dumain. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/healthsmart/diet/always-hungry-8-reasons-you-cant-stop-eating?slide=all"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.co.nz/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRN93V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

Caring

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Top three health and fitness trends to try

<p>Well, what better place to find out than at the annual Australian Health &amp; Fitness Expo which was held in Melbourne this April.</p> <p>Hundreds of new products and services were on display, all with the promise to make your life healthier, happier and more enjoyable. We did the research for you and here are the top three trends to keep an eye on.</p> <p><strong>Clean eating</strong><br />From snacks to cereal to supplements, judging by the impressive range of products on display at the expo, the list of additives and artificial sugars is fast diminishing. There’s a strong trend towards using wholefoods such as nuts, seeds and dried fruit to curb the cravings and help you with mindful snacking and if you’re keen to go gluten free there’s a lot more in store for you as well.</p> <p>If you’ve been struggling to find a natural protein supplement, you’re in luck too. <br />Protein powders, which you can shake with water and drink as a mini meal, are being introduced in a more natural form, sweetened with stevia, which is derived from the stevia plant instead of aspartame and other artificial sugars.</p> <p><strong>HIIT &amp; mixed method training</strong><br />One of the huge trends in fitness is functional or mixed method training. This simply refers to combining various types of exercises which strengthens different parts of the body all at the same time, creating a strong foundation for the functional movements our body is exposed to in our everyday lives. It’s a very time efficient way to train and using props like resistance bands, free weights and plyometrics (think frog jumps) makes for a very effective total body workout.</p> <p>Another stable hit in the fitness world is HIIT (high intensity interval training). HIIT is superior when it comes to fat burning and can be modified to suit any fitness level. The basics are go as hard as you can for 30 sec or 1 min then recover and repeat.</p> <p>You can perform HIIT on a spin bike, while running, skipping etc. An example of this drift is the introduction of 30 min indoor walking classes where participants step on to an indoor walker (looks like a cross trainer but it isn’t) and switches between intensity and pace while being directed by an instructor and some good tunes. Indoor walking is a low impact type of training and could soon be coming to a gym near you. Watch the video!</p> <p><strong>Gadget heaven</strong><br />It was gadgets galore at the health &amp; fitness expo this year with trackers and devices monitoring your health and fitness and using apps to make sense of the data collected.</p> <p>One of the things that caught our attention was a pair of pants. Now, perhaps you can’t describe pants as a gadget but this range of clothing is practically magical and deserves a spot on the list.</p> <p>The clothing fabric is made with a special fibre technology called Celliant® which is infused with minerals that when activated by your body heat turns into an infrared light. Your body heat is therefore re-used as infrared light which aids in blood circulation and improves oxygenation of tissue.</p> <p><em>Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/health/exercise/top-three-health-and-fitness-trends-to-try.aspx">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p>

Caring

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Man awarded $12.5 billion for bizarre side effects to Johnson & Johnson medication

<p>US pharmaceutical giant Johnson &amp; Johnson has been ordered to pay a hefty NZ$12.5 billion in damages after they failed to warn that its drug, Risperdal, could cause bizarre breast growth in men. </p> <p>Nicholas Murray told a court in Philadelphia the psychiatric medication, normally prescribed to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, had made him grow breasts. </p> <p>His attorneys, Tom Kline and Jason Itkine, argued the drug had links to gynecomastia, an incurable condition - and accused Johnson &amp; Johnson of making billions of dollars while illegally marketing and promoting the drug. </p> <p>“(Johnson &amp; Johnson is) a corporation that valued profits over safety and profits over patients,” they said in a<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.jnj.com/our-company/johnson-johnson-statement-on-todays-risperdal-verdict" target="_blank">statement.</a></p> <p>However Johnson &amp; Johnson immediately challenged the ruling, explaining the damages as “grossly disproportionate” in a statement. </p> <p>“The company is confident (the ruling) will be overturned,” it said. “We will be immediately moving to set aside this excessive and unfounded verdict.”</p> <p>The company said the courts exclusions of key evidence left it unable to present a meaningful defence, including what they described was on the drug label that “clearly and appropriately outlined the risks associated with the medicine” or Risperdal’s benefits for patients with serious mental illness.</p> <p>“Further, the plaintiff’s attorneys failed to present any evidence that the plaintiff was actually harmed by the alleged conduct,” the company added.</p> <p>Thousands of lawsuits have been filed over the drug, including in Pennsylvania, California and Missouri.</p> <p>Mr Kline and Mr Itkin said this was the first time a jury had made the decision to award punitive damages and had come up with an amount. </p> <p>Risperdal was approved for the treatment of adults by the US Food and Drug Administration in 1993 and brought in about A$1 billion in sales in 2018.</p>

Body

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Spots to never skip when spring cleaning

<p><strong>Never, ever skip these spots when spring cleaning</strong></p> <p>Washing windows and scheduling a carpet cleaning may be a good start to spring cleaning, but your home isn’t white-glove test clean if you neglect these areas.</p> <p><strong>The underside of chairs and tables</strong></p> <p>You’re probably not going to find gum stuck to the table (at least we hope not) but the underside of tables and chairs deserve some attention. “This is an often overlooked spot that gets grimy and gross as people pull their chairs up to the table with their dirty hands,” says professional organiser, Jamie Novak, author of <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Keep-This-Toss-That-Unclutter/dp/1621452158/?tag=readerwp-20"><strong><em>Keep This, Toss That</em></strong></a>. If you have young children, you have an additional reason to clean: chances are there are probably bits of food and streaks of tomato sauce on the underside of the table. Curious kids may be tempted to pick at the underside of the table and put the dried-up food in their mouth.</p> <p><strong>Sconces, chandeliers and other lighting</strong></p> <p>Is your eyesight getting bad or is your room really that dim? Although we usually dust the fan blades, we often neglect the actual globes and lamp shades of lighting fixtures. “At first glance, these may not seem dusty, but once you wipe one you will see a noticeable difference,” says Novak. Remove the globes and wash in soapy water, rinse and air dry. Dust the inside of a lampshade and then wash with soapy water in the sink. Rinse and let air dry.</p> <p><strong>Splashback</strong></p> <p>The area behind your kitchen sink, stove or prep area largely goes unnoticed because we focus more attention on the benchtop areas where we can clearly see the messy surface. Over time, the splatters and grease can accumulate quite a build-up, Novak says. “A quick wipe and it may be very noticeable just how dirty the area has become.” Don’t forget about your bathroom splashback area and the sneaky grime build-up area behind the tap. An old toothbrush will get into the crevices around the base of the tap and handles.</p> <p><strong>Small appliances</strong></p> <p>According to Novak, small appliances are something we shouldn’t miss during spring cleaning. Can openers, toasters, kettles and coffee machines are our daily culinary heroes of the kitchen and all that constant use takes a toll. We either put them away dirty or leave them exposed to the grease and food splatters. Empty the crumb trays in the toaster and clean can openers to prevent food contamination.</p> <p><strong>Washer and dryer</strong></p> <p>Your clothes may smell clean, but according to Anna Caricari, the laundry room is constantly accumulating dust. “Rust and mould can also grow quickly because of the use of water and chemicals,” says Caricari. If your washing machine isn’t smelling so fresh, wipe down around the barrel and compartments. For top loaders, fill the washing machine with hot water and pour 2 cups of vinegar and 1/4 cup of baking soda. Cycle through a wash and rinse. For front loaders, mix the above ingredients and add 1/4 cup water to make a detergent and place into the detergent tray.</p> <p>Don’t forget the dryer vents, which when plugged contain flammable material. Always remove the lint after each cycle.</p> <p><strong>Under the bathroom and kitchen sink</strong></p> <p>We may open those cabinets on a daily basis but usually just reach for the stuff in the front. Do we know what’s lurking in the back? Robert Weitz, a certified microbial investigator says we should definitely put these on our spring-cleaning checklist. The only way we will know if there is a leak or water damage is to have a clear and clean view. “You may have a problematic leak that is causing unhealthy mould or staining, which can lead to much greater problems,” says Weitz.</p> <p><em>Written by Lisa Marie Conklin. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/food-home-garden/spots-to-never-ever-skip-when-spring-cleaning?slide=all"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA87V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a><span><em> , </em></span><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.co.nz/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRN93V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

Caring

Lifestyle

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5 science facts you never learned in school

<p>The world has many strange but amazing true facts making it a really marvellous and mysterious place. </p> <p><strong>The human stomach can dissolve razor blades</strong></p> <p>On the rare occasion that you swallow a razor blade, don’t fret. The human body is more capable than you think. Acids are ranked on a scale from 0 to 14 – the lower the pH level, the stronger the acid. Human stomach acid is typically 1.0 to 2.0, meaning that it has an impeccably strong pH. In a study, scientists found that the “thickened back of a single-edged blade” dissolved after two hours of immersion in stomach acid.</p> <p><strong>A laser can get trapped in water</strong></p> <p>Yes, really. A cool thing called total internal reflection is applied when pointing a laser beam through a container of water. When light travels through water, it’s slowed by the heavier particles in water, as described here. Thus, the laser beam effectively gets “trapped” in the water.</p> <p><strong>Earth’s oxygen is produced by the ocean</strong></p> <p>Ever stopped to think where oxygen comes from? Your first thought may be a rainforest, but marine organisms take the bait. Plankton, seaweed and other photosynthesisers produce over half of the world’s oxygen.</p> <p><strong>Animals use Earth’s magnetic field for orientation</strong></p> <p>Lost land animals may not be able to find their way home, but sea animals might. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), “there is evidence that some animals, like sea turtles and salmon, have the ability to sense the Earth’s magnetic field and to use this sense for navigation.”</p> <p><strong>A cloud can weigh over a million pounds</strong></p> <p>Your childhood dreams of floating on a weightless cloud may get rained on with this fact: the average cumulus cloud can weigh up to a million pounds. A million pounds! That’s about as heavy as the world’s largest passenger jet.</p> <p><em>Written by Claire Nowak. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/true-stories-lifestyle/science-technology/25-science-facts-you-never-learned-in-school?slide=all"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><span><em> </em></span><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.co.nz/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRN93V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

Retirement Life

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Elderly care staff accused of running a dementia patient fight club

<p><span>Three employees at an American assisted living facility have been accused of running a fight club, where police say dementia patients were encouraged to fight.</span></p> <p><span>Marilyn Latish McKey, 32, Tonacia Yvonne Tyson, 20, and Taneshia Deshawn Jordan, 26 were arrested and charged with assault on an individual with a disability in connection to the elder abuse at the Danby House in North Carolina.</span></p> <p><span>According to court documents reviewed by the <em><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2019/10/14/elderly-care-staff-accused-pitting-residents-against-each-other-dementia-fight-club/">Winton-Salem Journal</a></em>, the three women encouraged two residents – aged 70-year-old and 73-year-old – in the house’s “special care unit” for dementia patients to fight each other as they watched and filmed on a phone.</span></p> <p><span>The accounts reported by the <em>Journal </em>alleged that one of the fighters was heard yelling, “Let go! Help me! Help me! Let go!”</span></p> <p><span>In response, one of the three staffers could be heard saying “stop screaming”, while another attempted to confirm that the phone was actually recording the clip so that it could be sent to her later.</span></p> <p><span>In a separate occasion, one of the employees reportedly physically assaulted a resident by shoving her into her room, while the other two recorded and did not offer help to the woman.</span></p> <p><span>Police announced the three healthcare workers’ arrests on Friday following an investigation into a tip received in June.</span></p> <p><span>“When you’re talking about someone who can’t take care of themselves, we’ve got to give specific attention to that,” Lt Gregory Dorn told <em><a href="https://www.news.com.au/finance/work/at-work/assisted-living-facility-accused-of-running-fight-club-with-dementia-patients/news-story/81859addf7a652241523f7a4317847f9">Fox 8</a></em>.</span></p> <p><span>Danby House said the three employees were fired in June when managers were alerted on the events.</span></p> <p><span>“Danby House has a zero-tolerance policy for the mistreatment of those in our care and as such, McKey, Tyson, and Jordan were terminated immediately in June when community management was alerted to this situation,” the facility said.</span></p> <p><span>“Administrators have been working closely with the Winston-Salem Police Department throughout its investigation to ensure justice is served. Additional staff training and a more rigorous vetting process for all new and existing employees at Danby House has been implemented.</span></p> <p><span>“Danby House has undergone leadership changes in recent months, and we look at situations like these as opportunities to improve upon the high standard of care we provide for our residents.”</span></p> <p><span>The three women face Class A misdemeanours, with a maximum penalty of 150 days of incarceration and a discretionary fine. They have been released on bond and are due to appear before court on November 14.</span></p>

Retirement Life

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How being friends with someone who has dementia can be good for you both

<p>Each year, in the final few hours of the last day of December, many people all across North America gather with friends to raise a glass and sing Robert Burns’ famous ballad, “<a href="http://www.scotland.org/features/the-history-and-words-of-auld-lang-syne">Auld Lang Syne</a>.” Standing at the brink of a New Year, arms around each other, they ask: “Should old acquaintance be forgot, and never brought to mind?”</p> <p>The question is meant to be rhetorical, of course – the answer is “No.” The years may pass, but we should hold on to our friends.</p> <p>For many older adults, however, this question takes on a different meaning, as they confront the onset of dementia in a friend. Dementia, which <a href="http://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/109998">afflicts an estimated 3.8 million people</a> in the U.S. alone, affects cognitive abilities <a href="https://www.alz.org/documents_custom/2017-facts-and-figures.pdf">such as language and memory</a> that are often understood as the necessary foundation for individual identity and human personhood.</p> <p>As such, dementia raises questions about what are the boundaries of the human, what is required to have meaningful social relationships and more generally what makes life worth living (or no longer worth living).</p> <p>Research has long shown that <a href="http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/85/2/135.long">feelings of loneliness accompany the onset of dementia</a>. And research has suggested that <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2424087/">social interaction is beneficial for the person with dementia</a>.</p> <p>I recently conducted research that took these findings a step further. It appears that the opportunities for personal growth exist not only for the people with dementia but also for their friends.</p> <p><strong>A dreaded illness, worsened by loneliness</strong></p> <p>In the U.S., <a href="https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X10000693">people with dementia are often rhetorically and metaphorically likened to zombies</a>, and dementia is often described as a condition ambiguously positioned between life and death.</p> <p>Such ideas contribute greatly to the stigma, fear and shame that commonly attend a diagnosis of dementia.</p> <p>And if dementia is one of the most dreaded forms of decline associated with aging, it is also one of the most common. The condition affects about 14 percent of people over age 71. The <a href="http://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/109998">prevalence of dementia</a> increases with age, rising from about 5 percent among people in their 70s to 24 percent of those in their 80s – and of those who reach age 90, approximately 40 percent are affected.</p> <p>What is it like for people to experience the onset of dementia in a friend, and how do they respond? Close family members are often expected to step up to meet the challenges of dementia, and many try to do so. It is less clear, however, what role friends can or should play. Little research has addressed the topic.</p> <p>I recently published <a href="http://rdcu.be/tFtH">an article</a> and <a href="https://www.rutgersuniversitypress.org/successful-aging-as-a-contemporary-obsession/9780813585338">a book chapter</a> based on interviews with individuals who self-identify as friends of someone with dementia (as well as some health care providers and family members).</p> <p>The basic idea behind this research is that there may be lessons to learn from those who have found both reasons and ways to maintain relations of friendship after the onset of dementia – lessons that could be shared with others who find themselves confronting similar situations. The friend who remains in a relationship with a friend who has dementia may gain knowledge about the illness and grow in unexpected ways.</p> <p>The research documents how some people find value, interest, meaning and pleasure in friendships with people who are living with dementia. Among the findings, several stand out.</p> <ul> <li> <p>Through experience, people gain specific forms of knowledge about how to interact well with the person who has dementia. How the condition affects people can vary enormously, and there is no instruction manual for interacting well with people who have dementia. Still, some of the techniques and approaches that these friends have developed may be worth trying for others, as well.</p> </li> <li> <p>Talking about dementia – in other words, making this sometimes difficult and uncomfortable topic “speakable” – can be a critical first step toward approaching it collectively, as something for a community to deal with instead of only as an individual problem.</p> </li> <li> <p>People I interviewed describe friendship with the person who has dementia as a relationship that is capable of changing, rather than simply enduring.</p> </li> <li> <p>People who have remained engaged as friends after the onset of symptoms describe dementia as an impetus for personal and interpersonal transformations that can involve learning, growth and unexpected gifts – as well as sadness and loss.</p> </li> </ul> <p><strong>Friends play important role in wider support circle</strong></p> <p>How friends respond to dementia is important for a number of reasons.</p> <p>First and foremost, friendships matter to older adults with dementia for all the same reasons that friendships matter to anyone: They are sources of pleasure, support and social identity.</p> <p>Second, the difficulties and burdens faced by informal, unpaid caregivers of people with dementia (mostly female relatives) <a href="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/23606/families-caring-for-an-aging-america">might be less overwhelming</a> if friends and other social connections remained more present in the lives of people with dementia.</p> <p>Third, there is a large and growing number of older adults with dementia who – due to changing patterns of marriage, childbirth, longevity, living arrangements and geographic mobility – simply <a href="https://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/law_aging/2003_Unbefriended_Elderly_Health_Care_Descision-Making7-11-03.authcheckdam.pdf">do not have family members available and willing</a> to <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jgs.14586/full">make medical decisions</a> or step into caregiver roles. For them, how friends, neighbors, co-workers and others respond can be <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/29/health/near-the-end-its-best-to-be-friended.html?_r=0">a matter of life-and-death</a>.</p> <p><strong>Light in the darkness</strong></p> <p>Dementia can seem like a frightening and depressing topic, but this research gives reasons to feel hopeful. While medicine has at present no cure and <a href="https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Dementia-Information-Page">few effective treatments</a> to offer, that does not mean that there is nothing we can do.</p> <p>There is a lot we can do to make life better for older adults with dementia. And we ought to do what we can – not only because people with dementia are fellow members of our human community, but also because any one of us might find ourselves affected in the future.</p> <p>One of the verses of <a href="http://www.scotland.org/features/the-history-and-words-of-auld-lang-syne">“Auld Lang Syne”</a> that is less often sung by New Year’s revelers includes the line: “We’ll take a cup of kindness yet, for Auld Lang Syne.” Helping people faced with the onset of dementia in a friend learn from others how to fill, share and take sustenance from that “cup of kindness” is one of the ways that anthropological research strives to make the world a bit better place.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/76750/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em>Written by <span>Janelle Taylor, Professor, Medical Anthropology, University of Washington</span>. Republished with permission of </em><a rel="noopener" href="https://theconversation.com/how-being-friends-with-someone-who-has-dementia-can-be-good-for-you-both-76750" target="_blank"><em>The Conversation</em></a><em>. </em></p>

Relationships

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Dream retreat: The country farmstay that comes with 500 animal residents

<p>When it comes to back-to-nature getaways, some things are to be expected – fresh air, impressive countryside sceneries and a sky full of stars. However, the Edgar’s Mission Tiny Houses take it a step further, allowing guests to stay with more than 450 rescued farm animals on a 153-acre haven near Lancefield, Victoria.</p> <p>The houses offer sweeping views of the Macedon Ranges, with sheeps and goats roaming around the backyard for the guests to observe, interact and feed with the Weetbix provided at the paddocks.</p> <p>Across the grounds also live pigs, chickens, cows, turkeys, rabbits and geese that have been rescued and housed the Edgar’s Mission sanctuary. Among the animals are Leon Trotsky the piglet and Tim Tam the goat, who have been equipped with customised wheelchairs to enable them to make their way around independently.</p> <p>Edgar’s Mission was established in 2003 by Pam Ahern, who was seeking to care for a Landrace/Large White cross piglet she procured from a commercial piggery. Since then, the tiny piglet has grown into a 400-plus kilogram pig, and the sanctuary community population has risen to hundreds.</p> <p>“We often laugh, saying that Edgar’s Mission grew exponentially pretty much like the eponymous Edgar Alan Pig,” said digital communications manager Kyle Behrend.</p> <p>In 2014, the not-for-profit organisation was looking for a new place to house their extended family of furry friends after having outgrown their original 60-acre space – and that was when they found the Macedon Ranges, Behrend said.</p> <p>The team soon saw the potential of the area to further their cause. “Daily we look out over the beautiful surrounding vistas. This is such a treasure we want to share with the world,” said Behrend.</p> <p>“I guess the idea of the tiny homes, grew out of a tiny thought several years ago on seeking more creative ways to capitalise of the tourism aspect of not only Edgar’s Mission but the greater Macedon Ranges.”</p> <p>The three tiny houses are also designed to reflect the organisation’s values. No animal fibres are used for bedding and soft furnishings, and all the stocked products are sourced from environmentally-friendly companies such as Aesop and Earth Choice.</p> <p>Despite the small size, all the houses pack a kitchenette, mini library, sleeping and living quarters, self-contained bathroom and a deck on which to sit back and soak up the sunlight.</p> <p>“The Tiny Houses are a tool in showing that we can have everything we need in a small space whilst reducing our impact on the environment,” said Behrend.</p> <p>“We trust the Tiny Houses will afford our guests the opportunity to connect with nature, animals and themselves.”</p> <p>In return, guests are expected to be mindful about what they bring to the lodging. “We do ask that when guests come, they don’t bring any animal products out of respect for our animals here,” Behrend said.</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery above to see the pictures from the Tiny Houses.</p> <p><em>Photo credit: Edgar’s Mission</em></p>

Retirement Life

Finance

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Top 10 tips for your financial back-up plan

<p>It’s natural to procrastinate over a daunting task, but the bottom line for any financial plan is how well it provides for the protection of you and your family if the worst happens. These tips will help you identify the key elements your plan should include to get the right cover at the right price.</p> <p><strong>How much is enough life insurance?</strong><br />When it comes to insuring your life, working out how much cover you should have may seem like a very subjective question, but there are certainly some guidelines to follow.</p> <p>If, for example, the family breadwinner was suddenly taken out of the picture, how much would the family need to invest to replace their income and how much capital would you need from an insurance payout to fund that investment?</p> <p>You may also want to have additional cover amounts to pay out a mortgage, cover specific emergencies or situations, or fund special purposes, such as a children’s education fund.</p> <p><strong>Are you insuring your greatest asset?</strong><br />Do a quick mental calculation of your annual income multiplied by the number of working years you have left before retirement. The answer is the amount you potentially risk if you don’t have income protection to cover you against sickness and accident.</p> <p>You can generally insure up to 75 per cent of your gross income and you can tailor cover with a “waiting period” that ties in with your sick leave entitlements, to keep premiums to a minimum.</p> <p><strong>How do you "bridge the gap" between life cover and income protection?</strong><br />If you really want to protect your lifestyle against the threat of major diseases such as a heart attack, stroke, or cancer, then why not consider trauma cover? You can insure yourself for a lump sum that is payable upon diagnosis of a range of medical conditions. You can then use this cover to fund a lifestyle change, an extended recuperation holiday, pay off debts to de-stress your life — the choice is yours.</p> <p><strong>Are you protected from a fate worse than death?</strong><br />Financially speaking, a total and permanent disablement can be a fate worse than death. You could completely and permanently lose your ability to earn income, but on top of that you may incur even greater expense burdens related to your condition, such as home renovations for wheelchair access, special vehicles, and expensive medical treatments. To protect against this financial threat, you can attach lump sum total and permanent disablement cover on your life insurance plan.</p> <p><strong>Will the cover in your super fund be enough?</strong><br />Relying on your super alone to take care of your insurance needs can be a shaky strategy. Will it be enough cover to give you the level of protection you need? Will you be able to continue coverage if you leave your employer? If not, will you still be insurable if you want to take out cover privately?</p> <p>Your financial planner can help you answer these questions and complement your work super cover with personal insurance plans.</p> <p><strong>It’s not all about the breadwinner</strong><br />A full-time homemaker in a family will also need to be protected, in case something happens to them. Lump sum life insurance cover on their life can be used to fund the cost of home help or even replace the breadwinner’s income if the breadwinner wants the flexibility to leave work and take care of children.</p> <p><strong>Don’t compromise on quality</strong><br />Not all insurance plans are the same — especially when it comes to income protection and trauma insurances. Benefit definitions and supplementary benefit inclusions can make thousands of dollars of difference when it comes to claim time, so consult a financial planner to ensure you have quality cover at the right price. When it comes to personal insurance, value is far more important than cost.</p> <p><strong>What about the children?</strong><br />Did you know that you can even insure children against premature death? It may not be a pleasant thought, but the harsh reality is that there will be significant expense if a child was to die.</p> <p>You are also ensuring that they will have the option in future to convert their cover to their own personal insurance when they reach adulthood, thus avoiding any insurability issues that may emerge at that time.</p> <p><strong>Have a review system in place</strong><br />Cover needs can fluctuate dramatically at different stages of life, so you could suddenly find yourself dangerously under-insured or wastefully over-insured. An annual review program with a qualified financial planner will help keep your plan relevant to your needs and potentially save you real dollars.</p> <p><strong>Are you paying too much?</strong><br />Using a financial planner to help with your protection program gives you the benefit of their inside knowledge on a range of insurers. They can save you the hassle of comparing plans so you can achieve the most economical solution.</p> <p>No single insurer will be cheapest for everybody at every age, so the expertise of someone who understands the market is invaluable for sourcing the best cover at the best price.</p> <p><em>Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/money/financial-planning/top-10-tips-for-your-financial-back-up-plan.aspx">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p>

Legal

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Robert De Niro sued for harassment and gender discrimination

<p>Robert De Niro has been accused of gender discrimination and harassment in a $12 million lawsuit filed by former employee Graham Chase Robinson.</p> <p>In a court document obtained by <a href="https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6446423-Robinson.html">the <em>Hollywood Reporter</em></a>, Robinson alleges that De Niro and his film production company Canal Productions subjected her to a “hostile work environment” and “years of gender discrimination and harassment”, including “gratuitous unwanted physical contact”, “abusive and sexist comments”, and underpayments “because she was not a male breadwinner”.</p> <p>According to Robinson, whose most recent position at the company was vice-president of production and finance, De Niro called her a “bitch” and a “spoiled brat”, asked her to “scratch his back” and “put away his boxers”, and made her work 20 to 30 hours of overtime per week without any additional pay.</p> <p>De Niro also allegedly implied Robinson deserved a lower salary than a male staff “whose job required no greater skill, effort or responsibility” because she was “a woman without children”.</p> <p>“De Niro made demands of Ms Robinson that he never imposed on males,” said Robinson’s lawyer Alexandra Harwin.</p> <p>“De Niro’s treatment of Ms Robinson was inappropriate, demeaning, abusive, and intolerable, and he needs to be held accountable.”</p> <p>The complaint comes after De Niro’s company filed <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/film/2019/aug/19/robert-de-niro-sues-ex-employee-embezzlement-netflix-binge">a $6 million suit</a> against Robinson in August, accusing her of embezzling money and binge-watching television shows during office hours.</p> <p>Robinson argued that De Niro’s decision to sue her was “filled with baseless, bad faith and frivolous allegations” designed to “destroy her reputation” and prevent her from pursuing her claims.</p> <p>“Now, when her name is Googled, these allegations pop up on the screen,” the file read. “The results have been devastating to Ms Robinson. Her reputation and her career have been destroyed.”</p> <p>In response, De Niro’s lawyer Tom Harvey said Robinson’s claims are “beyond absurd”.</p>

Legal

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Starting a business later in life

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Should age be a barrier to entrepreneurship? A quick look at the statistics suggests that the answer is a resounding “no”, with nearly 30 per cent of business owners in Australia aged over 55. This includes 11.8 per cent who are aged between 55 and 59, 9.7 per cent between 60 and 64 and 7.8 per cent 65 and over.*</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">So, what motivates people to start a business later in life? For many, it may be a case of fulfilling a dream that was simply impractical earlier in life, due to family or financial circumstances. For others, it might be a desire to take a new direction in life after becoming stagnant in their current job or being made redundant. Some may also see it as a way of staying engaged and active in their retirement years, rather than just putting their feet up.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Whatever the reason, starting a business offers some real benefits, as well as some challenges. So what key aspects should you consider?</span></p> <p><strong>What are the positives?</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">On the plus side, you will have lifetime of experience to draw upon. Your experience in your previous jobs may have given you skills and attributes that are essential to running a business, such as technical know-how, an understanding of human relations, and a more sober ability to assess what you are good at and what you may need assistance with. These are qualities that you would not necessarily have had in your younger days.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">You may also have developed a strong network of contacts and experts with specialist knowledge whose experience you can draw on, such as accounting and finance, legal, sales and marketing, and tradespeople.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Financially, you may also be in a better position as an older person, since you may have the expenses of family and a mortgage behind you, and you may have savings, superannuation or a redundancy payout available to help fund the venture.</span></p> <p><strong>Consider the negatives</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It is equally important to consider what may hold you back. For starters, the skills required in the business you are starting may not correlate to experience you have gained from previous employment. For example, if you have been working in a white-collar business all your life and want to start a café, there may be a steep learning curve about suppliers, food service regulations, and retail practices.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It’s also important to be realistic about your physical stamina and health. You’re not as young as you used to be and you don’t want to end up running a business that becomes a burden. You need to have a real passion for the business, so that you enjoy it as part of your lifestyle and are not doing it purely for financial gain. In other words, make sure it is a joy and not a jail!</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Ensure your spouse is happy with the venture, too. The last thing you want is for the business to drive a wedge between personal relationships.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Possibly the biggest negative, however, is the financial risk. Assuming that one day you will want to retire completely, you need to be wary about overcommitting your financial resources to the business. If things don’t work out as you plan, or if selling the business proves to be a struggle, you may find yourself risking your retirement lifestyle.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Once you have weighed up the pros and cons, and have decided to go ahead, you need to get your planning in place.</span></p> <p><strong>Be prepared</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Before you jump into a new business venture, you need to do your homework. That means doing some research and analysis on the market for your product or service to understand your competitors and your target customers. If you are buying into an existing business, get a professional to help assess its financial state and viability.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Once you have established that there is a good business case, the next step is to put together a business plan. This is essential for articulating concrete business goals, sales and marketing plans, financing arrangements, cashflow projections, staffing issues, and regulatory/compliance obligations. It is vital to seek professional input on your plan to make sure it is sound.</span></p> <p><strong>Have an exit strategy</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Before you commit to going in, make sure you have a defined path for getting out too. That means:</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Ensure you are not overcommitting retirement funds and superannuation, so that you have a fallback if things go belly up.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">If you are dipping into retirement funds, have a plan to allocate a portion of your profits to replenish your retirement savings, so that your retirement is not overly dependent on business income or the sale of the business.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Have a succession plan for a smooth and financially successful exit from the business down the track. Will it be passed to another family member? What financial records will you need to keep on top of to maximise future sale value? How will the business be sold?</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">To get such a plan in place, it is wise to speak with a financial planner who has the experience to integrate your business plans with your overall financial plan. They can also work with your accountant to make sure all the bases are covered. Drawing on the expertise of competent advisers is a critical aspect to making your venture the success that you want it to be.</span></p> <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">*Australian Bureau of Statistics: Counts of Australian Business Operators by Selected Characteristics, 2012</span></em></p> <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Republished with permission of </span><a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/work/small-business/starting-a-business-later-in-life.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Wyza.com.au.</span></a></em></p>

Legal

Entertainment

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5 Latin phrases you should know

<p><span>You may be surprised at how much Latin you are already using in everyday conversations. From words such as “agenda”, “via”, “versus” and “alibi” to phrases like “alter ego”, “vice versa”, “alma mater” and “quid pro quo”, Latin has imbued the English language in a lot of ways.</span></p> <p><span>To expand your vocabulary, try learning these five of these lesser-known Latin phrases – so that the next time you go shopping, win a competition or make a wedding speech, you will know exactly what to say.</span></p> <p><strong><span>1. Amor vincit omnia</span></strong></p> <p><span>The phrase, which could be traced back to the beginning of the first millennium in the writings of Roman poet Virgil, means “love conquers all things”. Since then, the expression and the concept have been used by numerous poets, artists and writers.</span></p> <p><strong><span>2. Veni vidi vici</span></strong></p> <p><span>The line, which means “I came, I saw, I conquered”, is popularly attributed to Julius Caesar. The Roman military general reportedly used the phrase in a letter after he earned a swift triumph at the Battle of Zela against Pharnaces II of Pontus in 47 BC.</span></p> <p><strong><span>3. Caveat emptor</span></strong></p> <p><span>“Let the buyer beware”. It is a legal principle that places the onus on shoppers to <a href="https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/caveatemptor.asp">perform due diligence</a> before buying something, most commonly real property, and accept the risk that the purchase may not meet expectations and <a href="https://consumer.findlaw.com/consumer-transactions/what-does-caveat-emptor-mean-.html">no recourse</a> with the seller will be available.</span></p> <p><strong><span>4. Cui bono?</span></strong></p> <p><span>You might have heard of “pro bono”, which derives from “pro bono publico” (“for the public good”), in legal contexts. A related phrase is “cui bono?”, meaning “who benefits?” or “to whose advantage?”. Generally, it is used in discussions surrounding the value of a decision or a policy. </span></p> <p><strong><span>5. Ex nihilo nihil fit</span></strong></p> <p><span>Literally translated, the phrase means “out of nothing, nothing is produced” or “nothing comes from nothing”. Some use it as another way of saying “no pain, no gain”, while others use the idea as a base for philosophical or theological discussions.</span></p>

Books

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What to do if your Apple iPhone is hacked

<p>For many years, the Apple iPhone has been considered one of the most secure smart phones available. But despite this reputation, security issues that might affect millions of users came to light last week, when<span> </span><a href="https://www.gizmodo.com.au/2019/08/google-hackers-reveal-websites-hacked-thousands-of-iphone-users-silently-for-years/">researchers at Google</a><span> </span>revealed they had discovered websites that can infect iPhones, iPads, and iPods with dangerous software.</p> <p>Simply visiting one of these websites is enough to infect your device with malicious software, allowing a high level of access to the device. Worryingly, it seems these vulnerabilities have been “in the wild” (that is, actively used by cyber-criminals) for around two years.</p> <p>As there is no visible sign of infection on the device, it is likely users are completely unaware of the risks they’re facing.</p> <p>The vulnerabilities being exploited are present on devices running recent (but not the most recent) versions of Apple’s iOS operating system — specifically, iOS 10 through to early versions of iOS 12. Every device running the vulnerable versions of iOS is a potential target for these websites.</p> <p>Devices are infected via several methods, using<span> </span><a href="https://www.gizmodo.com.au/2019/08/google-hackers-reveal-websites-hacked-thousands-of-iphone-users-silently-for-years/">14 different security flaws</a><span> </span>— an unusual number of ways to compromise a device. Worse is that seven of the flaws involve Safari, the default web browser for many of these devices (and web browsing is a common activity for many users).</p> <p>It’s not all bad news though. After Google reported the issues to Apple earlier this year, the vulnerabilities were promptly patched with the latest release of iOS (12.4.1).</p> <p>Any user updating their device to the latest version of iOS should be protected against this attack. The easiest way to do it is to go to Settings &gt; General &gt; Software Update on your phone and then follow the prompts.</p> <p><strong>What happens when you visit an infected site?</strong></p> <p>As soon you open the web page,<span> </span><a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-49520355">malicious software is installed on the device</a>. This software has the potential to access location data and information stored by various apps (such as iMessage, WhatsApp, and Google Hangouts).</p> <p>This information can be transmitted to a remote location and potentially misused by an attacker. The information extracted can include messages that are otherwise protected when sent and received by the user, removing the protection offered through encryption. Hackers can also potentially access private files stored on the device, including photos, emails, contact lists, and sensitive information such as WiFi passwords.</p> <p>All of this data has value and can be<span> </span><a href="https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/us/security/special-report/cybercriminal-underground-economy-series/global-black-market-for-stolen-data/">sold on the Internet to other cyber-criminals</a>.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.malwarebytes.com/mac/2019/08/unprecedented-new-iphone-malware-discovered/">According to antivirus firm Malwarebytes</a>, the malicious software is removed when the infected device is restarted. While this limits the amount of time that the device is compromised, the user risks being reinfected the next time they visit the same website (if still using a vulnerable version of iOS).</p> <p>The list of websites involved has not yet been made publicly available, so users have no means to protect themselves other than by updating their device’s operating system. But we do know the number of visitors to these sites are estimated in the<span> </span><a href="https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2019/08/a-very-deep-dive-into-ios-exploit.html">thousands per week</a>.</p> <p><strong>Are Apple devices no longer secure?</strong></p> <p>High-profile attacks on these devices might dispel the myth that Apple devices are not susceptible to serious security breaches. However, Apple does have a bug-bounty program that offers a<span> </span><a href="https://www.businessinsider.com.au/apple-offers-1-million-bug-bounty-reward-for-hacking-iphone-2019-8">US$1 million reward</a><span> </span>to users who report problems that help to identify security flaws.</p> <p>But considering the impact of this incident, it’s obvious someone out there is making considerable efforts to target Apple devices. While the tech giant regularly updates its software, there have been recent incidents in which<span> </span><a href="https://techcrunch.com/2019/08/26/apple-security-fix-jailbreak/">previously fixed security flaws were reintroduced</a>. This highlights the complexity of these devices and the challenge of maintaining a secure platform.</p> <div class="grid-ten large-grid-nine grid-last content-body content entry-content instapaper_body "> <p>The most important lesson for Apple’s millions of users is to ensure you keep up to date with the latest patches and fixes. Simply installing the latest iOS update is sufficient to remove the threats caused by this vulnerability.</p> <p>If you’re concerned your details may have been stolen, changing passwords and checking your credit card and bank account statements are also important steps to take.</p> </div> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/apple-iphones-could-have-been-hacked-for-years-heres-what-to-do-about-it-122860">original article</a>.</em></p>

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Budget ways to dress up your home

<p>I want to expand on that post, by showing you that when it comes to the finishing touches in your home, budget can be beautiful.</p> <p>There’s nothing better than decking out your home without spending a lot of money, and below I’m going to tell you which pieces of decor and furniture you can skimp on that are still incredibly stylish.</p> <p><strong>Lamps<br /></strong>Mood lighting in a space is super important, but you don’t have to spend a lot of money here. You have my full approval to spend around $60 on a table lamp and under $150 for a floor lamp. With table lamps, opt for varieties with a large base and shade. They’ll take up more space on a table, which means more visual impact.</p> <p>The one thing to look out for with floor lamps is sturdiness. Some cheaper floor lamps can have unstable, wobbly legs (especially tripod varieties). So give your lamp a shake in-store to make sure it’s well grounded. </p> <p><strong>Art prints<br /></strong>I’m a big fan of investing in original art from local artists when decorating a living room, for example. But if you’re dressing a spare room, hallway, office or other room that you don’t spend a tonne of time in, a cluster of budget art prints is the way to go. </p> <p>There are tonnes of online stores that sell prints for around $20 or $30 each (quote art is still on-trend and I love it). Buy four prints, pop them in some cheap IKEA frames, and hang them in a line down your hallway. Instant update for under $200 total. </p> <p><strong><u>Bonus tip:</u></strong> Canvas art is usually priced really well too, it’s light as a feather, and makes a big impact for minimal spend. </p> <p><strong>Mirrors<br /></strong>If your budget is tight, cheap mirrors are the way to go. The beauty of the more affordable ones is that they’re smaller and lighter, so they’re easy to hang using velcro Command hooks or similar.</p> <p>If you want to make a big impact with your mirror, consider four smaller square mirrors hung on the wall in a grid. It’ll take up the space of a much larger mirror, but without the price tag and hassle of hanging something so heavy. </p> <p><strong>Stools<br /></strong>I usually say that anything you sit on should be invested in, because comfort is essential. However, stools are the exception. The truth is, you won’t spend a lot of time on the stool itself (15 minutes while having a tea or coffee), so you don’t have to spend hundreds here.</p> <p>To ensure sturdiness, though, go for a metal bar stool that comes in one piece. That way, the legs won’t wobble and you don’t ever have to worry about it falling apart underneath you. Pop a cushion on top if you need some extra comfort.</p> <p><strong>TV unit<br /></strong>The TV unit is one of the furniture pieces I always advise clients to skimp on if they’re on a budget. This is because you generally don’t even look at it when watching TV, and it’s not a piece built for comfort. It’s literally a rectangular box that elevates your television off the floor.</p> <p>I suggest you go cheap here and save your money to spend on other items. There are TV units on the market for under $70 that come on wheels and still have cavities in them for your DVD player, stereo or set-top box. </p> <p><strong>Hall table<br /></strong>I love a hall or entry table inside the door of a home. It’s a great place for dropping keys and mail. And if nothing else it gives you a space to decorate! The good news is that you can go cheap here too.</p> <p>The one thing to be careful of is not sitting anything too heavy on a hall table. The height of a hall table means that it’s already quite fragile. Cheaper versions often feature thin legs. So either secure it to the wall so it can’t topple over, or ensure it only holds light decor that won’t smash should it get knocked over.</p> <p><strong>The moral of the story<br /></strong>I like a home to have a mix of new and old, pieces you’ve splurged on and items you’ve gotten for a steal. It makes your space feel more well-rounded and personal. So don’t be afraid to go cheap when you need to. It saves you money and then you can invest in more costly design elements that really matter!</p> <p><em>Written by Chris Carroll. Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/property/budget-ways-to-dress-up-your-home.aspx">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p> <p><em> </em></p>

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