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Why do I have a cough and what can I do about it?

<p>Dry, moist, productive, hacking, chesty, whooping, barking, throaty. These are just some of the terms people use to describe their cough.</p> <p>While we’re deep into cold and flu season, it’s one of the most common reasons people see their family doctor.</p> <p>But what is a cough anyway? And what’s the best way to get rid of it?</p> <p><strong>What is a cough?</strong></p> <p>People can <a href="http://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/6182">cough on purpose or spontaneously in a protective reflex action</a>. The aim is to both protect the airways from material that shouldn’t be there (like dust) or to clear the secretions that come with respiratory diseases, such as the mucus and phlegm that come with colds and flu.</p> <p>Nerve receptors throughout the lungs, and to a lesser extent in the sinuses, diaphragm and oesophagus (food pipe), detect the irritant or mucus. Then, they send messages via the vagus nerve to the brain. The brain, in turn, sends messages back through the motor nerves supplying the diaphragm, chest muscles and vocal cords.</p> <p>This results in a sudden, forceful expulsion of air.</p> <p>Your cough may be a one off. Alternatively, you can have a run of repeated coughs, especially in <a href="https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/whooping-cough-pertussis">whooping cough</a>, which people describe as a bout, attack or episode.</p> <p><strong>Which type of cough do I have?</strong></p> <p>There are many different types of cough but no one definition that everyone agrees on. This can be confusing as patients classify their cough in descriptive terms like hacking or chesty, while doctors classify them on how long they last: acute (under three weeks), subacute (three to eight weeks) and chronic cough (more than eight weeks).</p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1094553908001430?via%3Dihub">Neither of these approaches</a> tells us about the cause of the cough.</p> <p>Coughs can also be called wet or dry. <a href="http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/25427/19122">Officially</a>, you have a wet cough when you produce more than 10mL of phlegm a day.</p> <p>For people with chronic coughs, their cough can further be classified after an x-ray — either with lung pathology to indicate something like pneumonia or tuberculosis, or without signs of underlying disease (an x-ray negative cough).</p> <p><strong>What caused my cough?</strong></p> <p>Whether you have a <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29080708">wet or dry cough</a> may tell you what has caused it.</p> <p><a href="http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/25427/19122">A dry cough</a> indicates a non-infectious cough from conditions including <a href="https://www.nationalasthma.org.au/understanding-asthma/what-is-asthma">asthma</a>, <a href="https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/emphysema">emphysema</a>, <a href="https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/gord-reflux">oesophageal reflux</a> and <a href="https://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-us/1209">upper airway cough syndrome</a>, previously called post-nasal drip.</p> <p><a href="http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/25427/19122">A wet cough</a> is more common in people with sinus and chest infections, including influenza, bronchitis and pneumonia, and serious infections such as <a href="https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/Infectious/factsheets/Pages/tuberculosis.aspx">tuberculosis</a>. A smoker’s cough is usually wet, as the precursor to chronic bronchitis. As it progresses, or when complicated with infection, larger amounts of mucus may be coughed up daily.</p> <p>Then there is a dry cough associated with a cold or flu that turns into a moist cough. People tend to describe this as “chesty” and it makes them worry the infection has moved to their lungs.</p> <p>Yet mostly their lungs are clear of infectious sounds when examined with a stethoscope. Even a small amount of mucus stuck around the vocal cords or back of the throat may produce a moist sounding cough. But this is not necessarily a wet or “productive” (producing lots of mucus) cough.</p> <p><a href="https://coughjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1745-9974-2-1">One study</a> showed even doctors struggled to make an accurate diagnosis based only on the sound of the cough. Their diagnosis of the cough was correct only 34% of the time.</p> <p>For people with chronic “unexplained cough”, a common hypothesis is that cough receptors <a href="https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1164/rccm.200905-0665OC">become more sensitive</a> to irritation the more they are exposed to the irritant. These cough receptors are so sensitive that even <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20051447">perfumes, temperature changes, talking and laughing</a>may trigger the cough.</p> <p>People with <a href="https://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-us/1209">upper airway cough syndrome</a> may feel mucus secretions moving down the back of the throat, causing them to cough. New evidence suggests the cough <a href="https://journal.chestnet.org/article/S0012-3692(19)31122-5/pdf">is caused by</a> the increased thickness of the mucus and slowness of that mucus being cleared by cilia (hair like structures in lining cells whose job is to move mucus along).</p> <p>This mechanism keeps the chronic cough going through a feedback loop I call the “cough and mucus” cycle. In other words, the more the throat is irritated by the sticky mucus, the more you cough, but the cough is poor at shifting the mucus. Instead, coughing irritates the throat and fatigues the cilia, and the mucus becomes stickier and harder to shift, stimulating further coughing.</p> <p><strong>When coughing gets too much</strong></p> <p>Coughing is hard work so no wonder you can feel physically exhausted. <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7925902">In one study</a>, people with asthma coughed as many as 1,577 times in one 24-hour period. But for people with a chronic cough, it was up to 3,639 times.</p> <p>The high pressures generated in vigorous coughing <a href="http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/25427/19122">can cause</a> symptoms including chest pains, a hoarse voice, and even rib fractures and <a href="https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/hernias">hernias</a>. Other complications include vomiting, light-headedness, urinary incontinence, headaches and sleep deprivation. Chronic cough may also lead to people becoming embarrassed and avoiding others.</p> <p><strong>Is it true?</strong></p> <p>People still seemed surprised and worried when a cough persists after a cold and flu despite the fact cough outlasts other symptoms in most cases. When an <a href="https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=380082015528918;res=IELHEA">Australian study</a> followed 131 healthy adults with an upper respiratory tract infection, 58% had a cough for at least two weeks and 35% for up to three weeks.</p> <p>Then there’s the colour of your mucus. Patients and doctors commonly interpret discoloured mucus, particularly if green, as a sign of bacterial infection. But there’s <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02813430902759663">clear evidence</a> that the colour alone is not able to differentiate between viral and bacterial infections in otherwise healthy adults.</p> <p><a href="https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/38/1/119">Another study</a> found that people with acute cough who coughed up discoloured phlegm were more likely to be prescribed antibiotics, but they did not recover any faster than those not prescribed antibiotics.</p> <p><strong>When and how should I treat my cough?</strong></p> <p>Due to the multiple causes and types of cough there is not room to cover this question adequately. A safe approach is to diagnose the disease that is causing the cough and treat it appropriately.</p> <p>For chronic dry coughs and coughs that last after acute upper respiratory tract infections, the cough is no longer serving a useful function and treatments can be targeted at breaking the cycle of irritation and further coughing. The evidence for effective treatments is patchy, but cough suppressants, steam inhalation and saline nasal irrigations, as well as prescribed anti-inflammatory sprays may help.</p> <p>A spoonful of honey <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22869830">reduces cough</a> in children more than placebo and some cough mixtures. It is thought that the soothing effect on the throat is the way this works.</p> <p>However, there is no good evidence for the effectiveness of commonly used over-the-counter medicine (cough medicine or syrup) to alleviate acute cough, yet they are still sold. Some contain drugs with the <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25420096">potential to cause harm</a> in children, such as antihistamines, and codeine-like products.</p> <p>Recent expert panel reports <a href="https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0012369217314083">don’t recommend the use of these cough medicines</a> for adults and children with acute cough, until they are shown to be effective.</p> <p><strong>When should I be concerned?</strong></p> <p>It is fine to try to treat yourself, but if a cough persists or is bothersome, your doctor may be able to suggest or prescribe treatments to reduce your symptoms.</p> <p>If you cough up blood or are becoming more unwell, consult a doctor, who will investigate further.</p> <p>Children who cough up phlegm for more than four weeks <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28143696">have been found to benefit</a> from medical investigations and antibiotics.</p> <p><em>Written by David King. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/health-check-why-do-i-have-a-cough-and-what-can-i-do-about-it-119172">The Conversation</a>.</em></p>

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"You're a loser, I'm a winner": Sun Yang lashes out after second podium snub

<p>British swimmer Duncan Scott has become the latest athlete to protest against Chinese swim star Sun Yang at the world championships in Gwangju, South Korea.</p> <p>Sun, who is competing despite his upcoming hearing on a doping case against him in September, won the gold medal in the men’s 200 metre freestyle event after first finisher Lithuanian Danas Rapsys was disqualified for moving on the starting blocks.</p> <p>During the medal presentation, Scott congratulated silver medallist Katsuhiro Matsumoto of Japan and fellow bronze medallist Martin Malyutin of Russia, but snubbed Sun.</p> <p>The Chinese swimmer appeared to be shouting and gesturing towards Scott, who also refused to join in for a group photo. </p> <p>“You’re a loser, I’m a winner,” Sun appeared to yell at Scott as they walked off the podium.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">Sun Yang gets in bronze medalist Duncan Scott's face after the 200m freestyle medal ceremony (Sun won gold after Lithuanian Danas Rapsys was DQed for a false start). Scott and Sun did not appear to shake hands, and Sun shouted in Scott's direction earlier in the ceremony. <a href="https://t.co/0ilhiSorqt">pic.twitter.com/0ilhiSorqt</a></p> — Nick Zaccardi (@nzaccardi) <a href="https://twitter.com/nzaccardi/status/1153632492311785474?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">July 23, 2019</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">Sun Yang to Duncan Scott: "You're a loser. I'm a winner." <a href="https://t.co/W1AhD6XekV">pic.twitter.com/W1AhD6XekV</a></p> — Nick Zaccardi (@nzaccardi) <a href="https://twitter.com/nzaccardi/status/1153666308636127233?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">July 23, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>In response to the incident, swimming’s governing body FINA reprimanded both Sun and Scott for “inadequate behaviour”.</p> <p>Scott’s protest comes days after Australian swimmer Mack Horton refused to share a podium with Sun on the 400 metre freestyle medal presentation over his views that Sun is a ”drug cheat”. Horton and Swimming Australia were also sent warning letters for this action.</p> <p>When asked why he refused to pose for pictures with his Chinese rival, Horton said, “I don’t think I need to say anything … His actions and how it has been handled speaks louder than anything I could say.”</p> <p>Sun, who was suspended for doping in 2014, was cleared to participate in the world championships after a FINA panel concluded that the Chinese Olympic swimmer did not violate any anti-doping rules following reports that his team destroyed blood sample vials for drug testing with a hammer last September.</p> <p>The World Anti-Doping Agency is looking to appeal the finding to the Court of Arbitration for Sport in September. Sun could face a lifetime ban if he is found guilty.</p> <p>Scott said he was “Team Mack” when reporters asked him about the podium standoff. </p> <p>“You do quite a job of making sure everyone continues to know about it and so I guess that’s all I have got to say about it,” he said.</p> <p>“If [Sun] can’t respect our sport, then why should I respect him? Hopefully this will happen in more events.”</p> <p>Sun maintained that he did not cheat his way to triumph. </p> <p>“My victory was because of my hard work,” the 27-year-old said. “I continued to keep fighting, I didn’t give up when I was in second place.”</p>

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Controversy over the UK's new PM: Is Boris Johnson really "Britain Trump"?

<p>Donald Trump has praised the United Kingdom’s new Prime Minister Boris Johnson, describing the new leader of the Conservative Party as “Britain Trump”.</p> <p>“He’s tough and he’s smart,” Trump said of Johnson. “They call him ‘Britain Trump’, and it’s people saying that’s a good thing. They like me over there. That’s what they wanted.”</p> <p>The similarities between the two leaders have often been pointed out – nationalist sentiments, disdain towards Europe, a pledge to bring their country back to the ‘<a rel="noopener" href="https://www.npr.org/2019/07/23/744076619/boris-johnson-britains-next-prime-minister-shares-similarities-with-trump" target="_blank">good old days</a>’, colourful personal life and unkempt blonde hair are some of the things they appear to share.</p> <p>However, there are important differences between the American and the Brit.</p> <p>Unlike Trump, Johnson is a supporter of the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-49050937" target="_blank">Paris Climate Accord</a>, the Iran nuclear deal and government-run healthcare system.</p> <p>Trump thrives on racist rhetoric and harsh immigration policy, but Johnson is more <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2019/07/23/dont-lump-boris-johnson-together-with-donald-trump/?noredirect=on&amp;utm_term=.cfc91e89200c" target="_blank">open and liberal</a>, having advocated for amnesty for illegal immigrants as well as an <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/27/boris-johnson-points-based-immigration-no-10-economic-migrants" target="_blank">Australian-style points-based immigration system</a>. While Johnson once described burqas as “oppressive”, “ridiculous” and making people “look like letterboxes”, he did so in the context of <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/08/05/denmark-has-got-wrong-yes-burka-oppressive-ridiculous-still/" target="_blank">arguing against a ban on the Muslim attire</a>.</p> <p>Johnson has also taken aim at Trump in the past, calling him “unfit to hold the office of president of the United States” and “clearly out of his mind” for proposing a travel ban on Muslims during the American’s presidential campaign in <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-usa-trump-johnson/different-kind-of-guy-trump-sees-kindred-spirit-in-boris-johnson-idUSKCN1UI2EM" target="_blank">December 2015</a>.</p> <p>More recently, Johnson condemned Trump after the US president called on four congresswomen – Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Rashida Tlaib, Ayanna Pressley and Ilhan Omar – to “go back”, even though three of them were born in the US.</p> <p>“If you are the leader of a great, multi-racial, multi-cultural society, you simply cannot use that kind of language about sending people back to where they came from,” Johnson said in a debate earlier this month. “That went out decades and decades ago and thank heavens for that.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">Why are you so Islamophobic?<br /><br />Boris Johnson: “when my Muslim great grandfather came to this country...” <a href="https://t.co/FQmpB3LXtw">pic.twitter.com/FQmpB3LXtw</a></p> — Summar (@Yifrenia) <a href="https://twitter.com/Yifrenia/status/1143274704825962496?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 24, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>Johnson has also been open about his family ties to Islam. His paternal great-grandfather was Ali Kemal, a Turkish journalist and politician. Kemal’s son, or Johnson’s grandfather, changed his last name to Johnson during the first World War.</p>

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Old picnic favourite: The Pan Bagnat

<p><strong>Serves 4</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Love using olive oil in the kitchen? This hearty and delicious lunch recipe will delight!</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">When you prepare this sandwich, make sure not to be stingy on the olive oil, pan bagnat literally means ‘bathed bread’. This old picnic favourite tastes of the French Riviera – a pan bagnat is simply a salad Niçoise in a practical bread packaging. Don't slice the sandwich up until it’s time to eat. Then you won’t have to deal with any mess. Too easy!</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Recipe from The Ultimate Sandwich which include 100 classic sandwiches from Reuben to Po'Boy and everything in between (Pavilion, $34.99).</span></p> <p><strong>Ingredients</strong></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">1 Sicilian loaf - click here for recipe</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">1 tomato </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">1 egg </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">200g can of tuna in oil, drained </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">½ red onion, sliced </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">a bunch of fresh basil</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">6 anchovies </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">50g/½ cup chopped black olives </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">2 tbsp capers </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">olive oil </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">red wine vinegar </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">salt and freshly ground black pepper</span></li> </ul> <p><strong>Directions</strong></p> <p>1. Cut the top off your Sicilian loaf as if it was a lid and then scrape out quite a lot of the crumb from the bottom. The hole should be big enough to stuff with filling but no so big so only the crust remains. Slice the tomato and place in the bottom. Then add layers of sliced egg, tuna, onion, basil, anchovy, olives and capers. Drizzle over some oil and vinegar, then season with salt and pepper.</p> <p>2. Now it’s time to press this sandwich together into one yummy unity. Do this by placing it back in the tin, cover with a piece of greaseproof paper, then place a plate on top and finally, a weight. Leave in the fridge for 1–2 hours, or until it’s time to set off for the picnic.</p> <p>3. When it’s time to eat you just have to take out the sandwich from the tin, slice it into four pieces and enjoy it on a blanket with the sun in your face.</p> <p> </p> <p>Tips</p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">For more luxurious sandwiches see the Sicilian Loaf and the Vietnamese baguette, Banh mi.</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Republished with </span><a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/recipes/old-picnic-favourite-the-pan-bagnat.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Wyza.com.au. </span></a></p>

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The “impossible life” Prince Harry wants for his son Archie

<p>Since the arrival of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s first child, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, the world has been watching and waiting for the newest pics of the adorable tot or the latest news. </p> <p>However, the royal couple have gone to extreme measures to ensure their precious newborn is kept away from the prying eyes of the public and the media as much as possible. </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/Bz5p2CxBYNG/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/Bz5p2CxBYNG/" target="_blank">A post shared by MALABAR BABY (@malabarbabyofficial)</a> on Jul 14, 2019 at 7:39am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan moved away from bustling London to get a sense of family out of the spotlight, held off from releasing where their sweet baby boy would be born, and chose to keep his baptism private and out of the public as much as their roles within the establishment would allow. </p> <p>The pair have also opted to not give their son a royal title – and they are not the only member of Queen Elizabeth’s family to choose to do this. </p> <p>Princess Anne – the Queen’s only daughter – decided not to give her two children, Peter and Zara Phillips, a title.</p> <p>Zara married rugby player Mike Tindall in 2011 after meeting in 2003 and whom she shares two children with – Mia, 5, and Lena, 1. </p> <p>While Zara is certainly a well-known member of the royal family, she has managed to live a relatively normal life – an “impossible” life Prince Harry has always dreamed of, according to royal commentator, Duncan Larcombe. </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B0CMbRcnp8N/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B0CMbRcnp8N/" target="_blank">A post shared by Duke &amp; Duchess of Sussex Fam (@harryluvsmeghan)</a> on Jul 17, 2019 at 3:16pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>“If Prince Harry has set his sights on raising Archie in a similar vein where he can live in the big houses and basically be a royal but not a royal, live a normal life with a normal job – that is something that Archie could never have," Larcombe told <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.thesun.co.uk/fabulous/9546785/prince-harry-raise-archie-zara-tindall/" target="_blank"><em>The Sun's Fabulous Digital</em>.</a></p> <p>“It is impossible that Archie could have a Zara Phillips life.”</p> <p>The reason why is simply because baby Archie’s parents are just too “high profile” to give their son a simple, private life whereas Zara’s mother Princess Anne was not. </p> <p>“I think in terms of Archie, poor old Harry will try and protect Archie as much as he can but he’ll ultimately be fighting a losing battle," Larcombe said. </p> <p>"The interest in them as a couple is just so big.”</p>

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“She was so loved”: Grieving parents of baby girl who fell to her death on cruise ship speak out

<p>The grieving parents of baby girl Chloe Wiegand, who fell 45 metres to her death while on board a cruise ship, have revealed exactly what happened the moment the “unfathomable” tragedy occurred.</p> <p>Sitting down with the US version of <em>TODAY</em>, Kimberley and her husband Alan Wiegand described the moment of horror during what was supposed to be a relaxing family holiday.</p> <p>Kimberley Wiegand recounted the tragedy when she realised her daughter had fallen from an open window, hitting the concrete below. That was when she saw Chloe’s grandfather, Sam Anello, crying and banging on the window.</p> <p>“I didn’t know that she went out a window,” she said through tears.</p> <p>“I just saw Sam standing next to the wall of windows just screaming and banging on it. There was somebody from [the cruise ship] they kept trying to stop me. I just kept saying take me to my baby, where is my baby? I didn’t even notice the window,” she said.</p> <p>“I looked over it and it wasn’t water down there; it was concrete. Honestly to lose our baby this way is just unfathomable.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet tw-align-center" data-lang="en-gb"> <p dir="ltr">“The first 30 seconds of the day, I don’t remember what happened. And then, it comes back and I relive what happened.” Kimberly Wiegand says of her late 18-month-old daughter, Chloe, who died after falling from a cruise ship <a href="https://t.co/VNoQ2RzvAC">pic.twitter.com/VNoQ2RzvAC</a></p> — TODAY (@TODAYshow) <a href="https://twitter.com/TODAYshow/status/1153269641147506688?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">22 July 2019</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet tw-align-center" data-lang="en-gb"> <p dir="ltr">“She could get anybody to smile… I just know that she was destined to do such great things, but even in her short life, I truly believe she changed so many lives.” Kimberly Wiegand says of her 18-month-old daughter, who died after falling from a cruise ship <a href="https://t.co/vLtQQ5xwb1">pic.twitter.com/vLtQQ5xwb1</a></p> — TODAY (@TODAYshow) <a href="https://twitter.com/TODAYshow/status/1153270096850276354?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">22 July 2019</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet tw-align-center" data-lang="en-gb"> <p dir="ltr">“We have a lot of questions – primarily, ‘Why is there an open window in the kids’ play area 11 stories off the ground?’” Kimberly Wiegand, mother of 18-month-old Chloe, who died after falling from a Royal Caribbean cruise ship <a href="https://t.co/CaN2AZNnjS">pic.twitter.com/CaN2AZNnjS</a></p> — TODAY (@TODAYshow) <a href="https://twitter.com/TODAYshow/status/1153270932795998208?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">22 July 2019</a></blockquote> <p>The couple spoke candidly about the unthinkable tragedy when they realised their one-year-old daughter had passed away, saying Mr Anello had been “very, very distraught” ever since.</p> <p>“You can barely look at him without crying, she was his best friend,” said Alan.</p> <p>Kimberley said the memory of her daughter lives on forever, but despite it all, she was forced to face flashbacks of the incident every morning when she woke up.</p> <p>“The first 30 seconds of the day, I don’t remember what happened. And then, it comes back and I relive what happened,” she said. “The thing that I latch onto is her memory, she just exuded love.”</p> <p>The grieving parents also have a few questions of their own, one of which is, “Why is there an open window in the kids’ play area 11 stories off the ground?”</p> <p>They spoke fondly of their daughter, who they said was “so loved” and enjoyed gardening and watching her brother play hockey.</p> <p>“She could get anybody to smile … I just know that she was destined to do such great things, but even in her short life, I truly believe she changed so many lives.”</p>

Travel Trouble

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The art of handwritten letters

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">At the risk of sounding like a rampant nostalgic, what we’re lauding this week is putting pen to parchment.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The previous sentence initially read “pen to paper”, but through the magic of technology and a delete key, an alliterative availed itself. See what we did there?</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Point is, were this missive being written in the traditional manner, more thought would have to be taken before charging in, lest you make a mistake, think of a better word halfway through the next phrase and have to do the messy crossing out business or reach for the white-out.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The business of ink and paper forces us to slow down in a world that seems to be perpetually in top gear. You trawl through the lexicon with more care and commit the words to paper a little slower than you might on a keyboard because errors have consequences.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The first of these are aesthetic – you want the page to not be besmirched by strike throughs and annotations. Legibility is obviously key, but building on that, your own hand is capable of producing an idiosyncratic elegance no font on a pull down menu will ever match.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Then there’s the time involved. Sure you can bash out a text on the phone using no more than your thumbs and the interval it takes to travel between the train station nearest work and the one closest to your home.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">But a letter requires both physical space and enough of a juncture to do the job right. For many, a bit of shoosh is also helpful, quiet giving way to concentration which can cede to contemplation as you submit to the meditative rhythm of nib on A4.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">All this inevitably adds to the quality of its contents, while the recipient is presented with prima facie evidence of the effort that you willingly and sometimes even joyfully entered into with them in mind.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Handwritten script has both gravitas and personality. There may be a time in the future when visitors to museums gaze in reverent awe at a framed copy of the email – with BCC list instead of signatures – that certified a presidential impeachment, but we doubt it will have the impact of the Declaration of Independence.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Then there’s the accoutrement of writing. Let’s start with paper, a world unto itself with ivory finishes, wefts and weaves that would turn a haberdasher green and the ability to be embossed with the always impressive “from the desk of”.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Tied with ribbons, they become heirlooms that age with a yellowing grace no back up disk will ever, ever, ever capture.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Can you picture anyone in the future saying to their progeny “and when your nanna signed off her Snapchat to me with this doughnut emoji, that’s when I knew I had a chance”. We think not.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Especially when contrasted with a “yours eternally” and a longing postscript.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Which brings us to pens, heavily lacquered, exquisitely weighted and created to last roughly half a century longer than your average Officeworks printer; the good ones get better with age, they become the instruments of heartbreak, joy, regret and jubilation.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Of course, a keyboard can get you there, but certainly not with the same style. There’s no flourish button on a laptop.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Adding a final touch to the exercise in personalised effort that is the handwritten letter is that you don’t just hit send. A trip to the post office is required, along with the inevitable wait in line as one person fills in their passport application form as another queries why sending a 30 kilogram mirror to Macedonia doesn’t cost less than $10.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Finally, a stamp is procured, you lick the back of Queen Elizabeth’s head and off it goes. Worth every minute of the effort. Just ask whoever’s receiving it.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Written by David Smiedt. Republished with permission of </span><a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/lifestyle/in-praise-of/in-praise-of-the-hand-written-letter.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Wyza.com.au.</span></a></p>

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Prince William and Prince Harry break their silence on huge royal change

<p>On Tuesday evening, the Cambridges and Sussexes released a statement outlining their thoughts on a big change occurring within the original royal charity. </p> <p>The “fab four” have said goodbye to a close confidante who was working with the royal family for a number of years. </p> <p><span>Lorraine Heggessey, CEO of the Royal Charity Foundation, will be stepping down from the role – coincidentally within the same time span of Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan revealing they would be parting ways to formally start their own charitable projects. </span></p> <p>What is sure to be an emotional departure for both Prince William and Duchess Kate was lamented in a heartfelt statement which said: “Lorraine has played an integral role in our charitable initiatives over the last two-and-a-half years.</p> <p>“We are very grateful for her hard work and support, and wish her the very best for the future.”</p> <p>The Duke and Duchess of Sussex also revealed similar feelings to the departure. </p> <p>“It has been a great pleasure to work alongside Lorraine over the past couple of years, to champion the causes that we feel so strongly about, and we wish her well for the next stage of her career,” a statement from the couple read.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/By74Qa-gz3-/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/By74Qa-gz3-/" target="_blank">A post shared by The Duke and Duchess of Sussex (@harry_meghan_daily)</a> on Jun 20, 2019 at 7:52am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Lorraine is thought to be stepping down as CEO in Britain’s Autumn months. </p> <p>The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s former press secretary will be taking over on October 1 and he will work closely with the couple as the charity will revolve mainly around them. </p> <p>Lorraine shared her own sweet departing words, particularly referring to her and Duchess Kate’s, Prince William and Prince Harry’s mental health campaigning. </p> <p>“This was one of the most amazing opportunities of my career. It has been a huge honour to work with Their Royal Highnesses to try to change mindsets on a wide range of issues.</p> <p>“I am very proud of what The Royal Foundation has achieved during this exciting period of growth. </p> <p>“However, as it enters its next phase, I believe it is the right time for me to step down and to pursue my interests in the media sector.”</p> <p>Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan have already kickstarted their own plan to start a new charity that will work alongside the Royal Foundation. </p> <p>An announcement last week said the new organisation would be called Sussex Royal.</p>

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Fashion conspiracy: Does Prince Harry only own one pair of shoes?

<p>The Duke of Sussex has had a busy few months in the spotlight since the birth of his first son, Archie.</p> <p>However, it seems not even a swarm of cameras could pick up this odd fashion choice by Prince Harry that has seemed to be a constant for the royal for the last few months.</p> <p>Royal fans noticed something strange about the Duke of Sussex when a beautiful photograph of him and his family at the christening of first son Archie’s baptism was shared.</p> <p>It wasn’t just the adorable photo of Archie that kept fans on their toes, or the beautiful smile that graced Harry's wife Duchess Meghan that got people talking – it was a pair of suede brown brogues that was spotted on the Duke’s feet.</p> <p>On Twitter, fans pointed out Prince Harry had been wearing the same particular pair of shoes for the past few months.</p> <p>“Prince Harry’s offhand manner of dressing for his son and heir’s first official outing. Is this the exact same suit and suede shoes he wore when he showed the world his son?” one eagle-eyed fan wrote.</p> <p>Another tweet read: “Prince Harry is wearing exactly the same suit, brown desert boots, white shirt as he wore to present Archie.”</p> <p>“On an unrelated note, could the Duchess of Sussex do something about how sloppy her husband Prince Harry looks?” a snarky comment read.</p> <p>“Start with burning those ugly a** worn out brown shoes.”</p> <p>It appears Prince Harry has been wearing the same brown pair of shoes for a while now – dating back to October 2018 when he visited Sussex with his wife.</p> <p>The Duke was also spotted in the shoes when he and Duchess Meghan touched down in Casablanca airport in February.</p> <p>A few days later, the royal member was sporting the brogues again while the couple visited Rabat in Morocco.</p> <p>The royal has proven a pair of shoes can take you a long way.</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery above to see the number of times Prince Harry has been spotted sporting his favourite brown pair of shoes.</p>

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Glowing in green: Princess Eugenie turns heads in floral for surprise engagement

<p>Princess Eugenie is embracing the warmer season in the most glamorous way she knows how.</p> <p>During a surprise appearance in London for an important cause, the royal opted for a stunning ensemble that turned heads for all the right reasons.</p> <p>With most of the royal family now on summer holidays, Eugenie delighted fans when she arrived at Westminster Abbey to show support for a cause that’s close to her heart – The Anti-Slavery Collective.</p> <p>The charity aims to beat modern day slavery, and Eugenie met with John Cotton Richmond, the US Ambassador-at-Large for Combating Trafficking in Persons.</p> <p>The 29-year-old stunned in a green and gold floral Alice &amp; Olivia dress, which came complete with a matching ribbon tied around her waist.</p> <p>The wrap style silhouette and bunched sleeves made the Princess look right on trend, with the deep green hue complimenting her brunette locks.</p> <p>She finished off the look with a pair of nude heels.</p> <p>Eugenie has previously discussed her work in anti-slavery initiatives, with the most recent interview being from last year when she appeared on podcast <em>Global GoalsCast</em>.</p> <p>The Princess and her long-time friend, Julie de Boinville, who works with the royal on Antislavery Collective, both revealed the time they visited Calcutta in 2013 and met a woman who started the Women’s Interlink Foundation.</p> <p>The Foundation aims to get trafficked females off the streets by teaching them skills such as fabric design and creating clothing.</p> <p>“Jules and I, that was the first time we ever really saw what modern slavery was and human trafficking and what really that is in the modern age,” said Eugenie at the time.</p> <p>The Princess has been kept busy this summer by making a number of appearances at Royal Ascot, as well as attending the Queen’s garden parties at Buckingham Palace.</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery above to see Princess Eugenie’s flirty summer ensemble.</p>

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Travel

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iPad-controlled superyacht hits the market for $22 million

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Looking for an addition to your vehicle collection? This might be up your alley – a $22 million superyacht, which can be controlled by an iPad, just hit the market. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Created by John Shuttleworth, the 140-foot (42.5 metre) Adastra has won numerous design awards thanks to its environmentally friendly construction. It only consumes 14 per cent of the fuel used by the average yacht with the same specs. This is due to the design that allows only 20 per cent of the lightweight glass and carbon boat to be submerged in the water, reducing drag and improving efficiency.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Inevitably, there has to be a trend for reducing fuel consumption – and I think superyachts will have to look something like this in the future,” Shuttleworth told </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">CNN</span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> in 2013. </span></p> <div class="embed-responsive embed-responsive-16by9" style="text-align: center;"><iframe class="embed-responsive-item" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/UmdWW54DK8s"></iframe></div> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The yacht boasts five bedrooms, four bathrooms and an open-air bar, and can be controlled by an iPad from up to 50 metres away. It can travel 4,000 miles at 17 knots.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Anto Marden, billionaire shipping tycoon and owner of the superyacht said he and his wife Elaine are selling up because their cruising days have come to an end. Since its launch in 2012, they have taken Adastra to </span><a href="https://www.boatinternational.com/luxury-yacht-life/owners-experiences/on-board-with-anto-marden-owner-of-trimaran-superyacht-adastra--35603"><span style="font-weight: 400;">various destinations around the world</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, from the Philippines to Mallorca and the Atlantic. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“After seven years, we’ve pretty much cruised to all the places we want to cruise,” he told </span><a href="https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/high-tech-trimaran-yacht-adastra-120057508.html%5d"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Robb Report</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Now she’s just not getting enough use. We have another yacht at home, so it’s time to sell.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">While the vessel is “priced to sell”, it was valued at US$15 million in 2013.</span></p>

International Travel

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Google Maps fail leads nearly 100 drivers to an empty field

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Nearly 100 Colorado drivers were misled by Google Maps last week as a car crash on the road leading to Denver International Airport caused the app to provide people with a detour.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In a rush to get to the airport on time for their flights, many went via a narrow dirt road suggested by the app.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">According to </span><a href="https://edition.cnn.com/2019/06/26/us/google-maps-detour-colorado-trnd/index.html"><span style="font-weight: 400;">CNN</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, cars began sliding down the dirt road, which turned into a muddy mess.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Some cars got stuck, which caused a traffic jam.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“There were a bunch of other cars going down (the dirt road) too, so I said, ‘I guess it’s OK.’ It was not OK,” one driver, Connie Monsees, told </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">CNN</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Once you were on the dirt road, there was nowhere to make a U-turn.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“The question is, why did Google send us out there to begin with? There was no turning back once you were out there,” Connie said.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">She ended up with a semi-damaged vehicle and two extra passengers, as she kindly offered two others a lift to the airport.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Google Maps addressed the situation in a statement to </span><a href="https://abcnews.go.com/US/google-maps-shortcut-colorado-turns-muddy-mess-hundred/story?id=63946068"><span style="font-weight: 400;">ABC News</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">:</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“We take many factors into account when determining driving routes, including the size of the road and the directness of the route.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“While we always work to provide the best directions, issues can arise due to unforeseen circumstances such as weather. We encourage all drivers to follow local laws, stay attentive, and use their best judgment while driving.” </span></p>

Travel Trouble

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The surprising item the Queen always travels with

<p>When you’re a member of the royal family you can’t just pack light and head out the door.</p> <p>And while others are travelling with crown jewels, beige pumps and plenty of hats, the Queen is forced to take a vial of her own blood, as does Prince Philip and Prince Charles.</p> <p>The blood is for when senior royals fall sick while travelling and is used if a safe supply of blood isn’t available when they require a transfusion.</p> <p>Speaking to<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.thesun.co.uk/fabulous/" target="_blank"><em>Fabulous Digital</em></a>, royal editor Adam Helliker said: “The Queen always travels with a supply of blood which is placed in the responsibility of whichever doctor is on duty and accompanies her on duties and Royal tours.</p> <p>“This means that in a country where speedy access to a reliable blood supply cannot be guaranteed, such as remote parts of Africa, the sovereign and her consort will be able to receive blood transfusions if they were required for a medical emergency.”</p> <p>The blood is taken care of by a personal page.</p> <p>Along with the blood, the Queen also travels with three personal physicians who, before her trip, will research nearby hospitals in case of an emergency.</p> <p>Her blood supply is also “regularly topped up” so she never has to use someone else’s.</p> <p>“She will have kept the supply topped up with regular deposits on the months before a trip abroad,” said Helliker.</p> <p>“So it’s just like someone making voluntary blood donations – the difference being that she will be the only recipient if it’s ever needed – that ‘blue blood’ will never find its way to an ordinary patient.”</p>

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The world's shortest IQ test that's only 3 questions long – and 4 out 5 people fail

<div> <div class="replay"> <div class="reply_body body linkify"> <div class="reply_body"> <div class="body_text "> <p>Fewer than one in five people can answer all three questions in the world’s shortest IQ test.</p> <p>This test is dubbed the “Cognitive Reflection Test” and comes from a <a rel="noopener" href="https://pubs.aeaweb.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1257/089533005775196732" target="_blank">2005 paper</a> by MIT professor Shane Frederick. He sought to demonstrate the difference between fast thought processes that are done with little conscious deliberation and those that are slower and more reflective.</p> <p>The test is made up of only three questions that are harder than they first appear.</p> <p>“The three items on the CRT are ‘easy’ in the sense that their solution is easily understood when explained, yet reaching the correct answer often requires the suppression of an erroneous answer that springs ‘impulsively’ to mind,” Professor Frederick wrote.</p> <p><strong>The questions</strong></p> <p>1. A bat and a ball cost $1.10 in total. The bat costs $1 more than the ball. How much does the ball cost?</p> <p>2. If it takes five machines five minutes to make five widgets, how long would it take 100 machines to make 100 widgets?</p> <p>3. In a lake, there is a patch of lily pads. Every day, the patch doubles in size. If it takes 48 days for the patch to cover the entire lake, how long would it take for the patch to cover half of the lake?</p> <p>Do you have your answers?</p> <p><strong>Here’s what most people guess</strong></p> <p>1. 10 cents</p> <p>2. 100 minutes</p> <p>3. 24 days</p> <p>Professor Frederick noted that the intuitive answer to the first question is 10 cents, but this “impulsive answer” is wrong.</p> <p>“Anyone who reflects upon it for even a moment would recognise that the difference between $1 and 10 cents is only 90 cents, not $1 as the problem stipulates,” he wrote.</p> <p>“In this case, catching that error is tantamount to solving the problem, since nearly everyone who does not respond ‘10 cents’ does, in fact, give the correct response.”</p> <p><strong>The correct answers</strong></p> <p>1. 5 cents</p> <p>2. 5 minutes</p> <p>3. 47 days</p> <p>Presh Talwalker, who is the author of <em>The Joy of Game Theory: An Introduction to Strategic Thinking</em>, explained the answers on his blog, <a rel="noopener" href="https://mindyourdecisions.com/blog/2013/06/24/can-you-correctly-answer-the-cognitive-reflection-test-83-percent-of-people-miss-at-least-1-question/" target="_blank">Mind Your Decisions.   </a></p> <p>1. “Say the ball costs X. Then the bat costs $1 more, so it is X + 1. So we have bat + ball = X + (X + 1) = 1.1 because together they cost $1.10. This means 2X + 1 = 1.1, then 2X = 0.1, so X = 0.05. This means the ball costs five cents and the bat costs $1.05.”</p> <p>2. “If it takes five machines five minutes to make five widgets, then it takes one machine five minutes to make one widget (each machine is making a widget in five minutes). If we have 100 machines working together, then each can make a widget in five minutes. So there will be 100 widgets in five minutes.”</p> <p>3. “Every day FORWARD the patch doubles in size. So every day BACKWARDS means the patch halves in size. So on day 47 the lake is half full.”</p> <p>The answers between men and women also varied.</p> <p>“Even if one focuses only on respondents who gave the wrong answers, men and women differ. Women’s mistakes tend to be of the intuitive variety, whereas men make a wider variety of errors,” Prof. Frederick wrote.</p> <p>“For every CRT item the ratio of ‘intuitive’ mistakes to ‘other’ mistakes is higher for women than for men. Thus, the data suggest that men are more likely to reflect on their answers and less inclined to go with their intuitive responses.”</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div>

Mind

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Guilty about that afternoon nap? Don’t be – it’s good for you

<p>You may be familiar with that feeling of overwhelming sleepiness during the mid-afternoon. It’s common, occurs whether you’ve eaten lunch or not, and is caused by a natural<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8795795">dip in alertness</a><span> </span>from about 1 to 3pm. So, if you find yourself fighting off sleep in the middle of the day and you’re somewhere where you can have a nap, then do it.</p> <p>Taking the time for a brief nap will<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16796222">relieve the sleepiness</a><span> </span>almost immediately and improve alertness for several hours after waking. And there are many other benefits too.</p> <p><strong>Understanding why we nap</strong></p> <p>People nap for lots of reasons, some which are:</p> <ul> <li> <p>to catch up on lost sleep</p> </li> <li> <p>in anticipation of sleep loss to avoid feeling sleepy later on</p> </li> <li> <p>for enjoyment, boredom or to pass time.</p> </li> </ul> <p>Napping is relatively common. In fact, about 50% of us<span> </span><a href="http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0113666">report taking a nap</a><span> </span>at least once per week.</p> <p>Napping rates<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=SIESTAS+AMONG+BRAZILIAN+NATIVE+TERENA+ADULTS++A+STUDY+OF+DAYTIME+NAPPING">are greater</a><span> </span>in countries like Greece, Brazil and Mexico that have a culture of<span> </span><em>siesta</em>, which incorporate “quiet time” in the early afternoon for people to go home for a nap. In such countries, up to 72% of people will nap as often as four times per week.</p> <p><strong>The perks of napping</strong></p> <p>Naps are not only beneficial because they make us feel less sleepy and more alert, but because they improve our<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21075238">cognitive functioning</a>, reaction times, short-term memory and even our mood.</p> <p>Our research (not yet published) has found those who regularly nap report feeling more alert after a brief nap in the afternoon when compared to those who only nap occasionally.</p> <p>Another<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16540232">research group</a><span> </span>found that motor learning, which is where brain pathways change in response to learning a new skill, was significantly greater following a brief afternoon nap for regular nappers when compared to non-nappers.</p> <p>In fact, the overall benefits of naps are similar to those experienced after<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7792499">consuming caffeine</a>(or other stimulant medications) but without the side effects of caffeine dependence and possibly disrupted sleep at night time.</p> <p><strong>How long should a nap be?</strong></p> <p>The amount of time you spend napping really depends on the time you have available, how you want the nap to work for you, and your plans for the coming night. Generally speaking, the longer a nap is, the longer you will feel rejuvenated after waking.</p> <p>Long naps of one to two hours during the afternoon will mean you are less sleepy (and require less sleep) that night. This could mean it will take longer than usual to fall asleep.</p> <p>If you are planning to stay up later than usual, or if taking a little longer to fall asleep at bedtime is not bothersome, time your nap for about 1.5 hours. This is the length of a normal sleep cycle. You will experience deep sleep for about an hour or so followed by light sleep for the last half an hour.</p> <p>Waking up during light sleep will leave you feeling refreshed and alert. However, waking during deep sleep will not. If you sleep too long and miss the light sleep at the end of a nap, chances are you will wake up feeling sluggish and drowsy. If you do experience feeling drowsy after a nap, don’t worry – this feeling is temporary and will go away after a while.</p> <p>Another option is to have a brief “power” nap. Brief naps of 10-15 minutes can significantly improve alertness, cognitive performance and mood<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12220317">almost immediately after waking</a>. The benefits typically last for a few hours.</p> <p>Power naps are great because you won’t experience any sluggish or drowsy feelings after waking. This is because you do not enter any deep sleep during this brief time.</p> <p>Research<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10210616">suggests</a>, a brief,<span> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10380949">early-to-mid-afternoon nap</a><span> </span>provides the greatest rejuvenation when compared to naps at any other time of the day. However, if you’re struggling to stay awake, a brief nap taken at any time can be help keep you alert.</p> <p><em>Written by Nicole Lovato. Republished with permission of <a rel="noopener" href="https://theconversation.com/guilty-about-that-afternoon-nap-dont-be-its-good-for-you-89023" target="_blank">The Conversation.</a></em></p>

Mind

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“Despair and devastation”: John Edward's gut feeling about 9/11 weeks before it happened

<p>John Edward, well known psychic medium, had a gut feeling he just couldn’t shake as he was in a ballroom back in 2001.</p> <p>He shared with <em><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.mamamia.com.au/john-edward-medium/?utm_source=Mamamia.com.au%20-%20All%20Newsletters&amp;utm_campaign=b6079f2877-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_07_22_05_54&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_term=0_9dc62997a2-b6079f2877-211561537&amp;mc_cid=b6079f2877&amp;mc_eid=c10f87c072" target="_blank">Mamamia’s No Filter Podcast</a></em> about the weird sensation he felt as he ducked into a nearby lobby to take a phone call from a friend.</p> <p>“It was the most eerie, ominous, evil feeling. I can’t even tell you,” he said. “I get goose bumps as I tell you this. I looked around and I looked at the security guard, and then I remember looking everywhere around, and I just was like, ‘Oh’.</p> <p>“I walked out of the building, and I went to my wife. I go, ‘I need to talk to you… You have to find a new place [for the competition]; you can’t do it here next year.’ And she’s like, ‘What?’ I go, ‘I don’t want you to come down here. Go talk to your boss. You’ve got to get it moved’.”</p> <p>His wife was surprised at his sudden panic and kept pressing for an answer.</p> <p>“I go, ‘Death, despair and devastation’.”</p> <p>The nearby lobby he was standing in happened to be the World Trade Center.</p> <p>The feelings Edward felt that day in mid-August, 2001 – just weeks before tragedy struck on September 11 – sat with him for a long time. They reappeared when he was dining with friends and his wife, Sandra, suggested brunch at the World Trade Center restaurant, View of the World.</p> <p>It was here that Edward erupted.</p> <p>“I turned to her and snapped. I bit her head off, like a lunatic. She like looked at me, like, ‘I’m gonna be polite because we’re in front of other people right now, but I want to push your arse in front of an oncoming bus for the way you just spoke to me.’</p> <p>“But I just really erupted. [I said] ‘There’s no way you’re getting me in that building! There’s no way I’m going up there.’ I can’t even convey to you how it came out. It was like a Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde moment. It was really weird.”</p> <p>Edward then spend the next days in a deep depression. It was so noticeable that even strangers, who recognised him from his show <em>Crossing Over,</em> asked him if he was OK.</p> <p>“I was really struggling. It was a debilitating doom-and-gloom feeling, like I didn’t want to get out of bed if I didn’t have to,” he said.</p> <p>It was only when Edward recorded an episode of CNN interview program <em>Larry King Live</em> that the fog within him lifted. The pair had spoken about loss, grief and how to cope.</p> <p>However, the following day was one that plunged the world into a state of shock and unease as two planes that were hijacked by al-Qaeda terrorists flew into the World Trade Center twin towers on September 11. The attack killed 2,977 people and reduced the buildings to toxic dust that still claims victims to this day.</p> <p>After the attack, Edward was contacted by several New Yorkers as well as people from the surrounding areas.</p> <p>“They literally said to me, ‘You were the last thing we watched, my husband and I. You were the last thing that we watched, us together. We had a conversation about grief. We had a conversation about the afterlife because of you. It was the last thing that we did.’" </p>

Mind

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Mack Horton’s controversial refusal to share podium with "drug cheat" causes furore

<p>Mack Horton has received a flurry of criticism online through his social media platforms from furious Chinese swimming fans.</p> <p>The Australian swimmer sparked a heated debate after refusing to stand on the podium next to his Chinese rival "drug cheat" Sun Yang at the swimming championships on Sunday night.</p> <p>The bold move of refusing to stand next to Yang by Horton made international headlines.</p> <p>Sun underwent a three-month doping suspension in 2014 and is now being investigated again finishing first in the 400m freestyle – beating Horton by 0.73 of a second.</p> <p>The Australian Olympian made his anger apparent by snubbing the medal podium where he would stand next to Yang – a clear protest to show he was unhappy with the Chinese swimmer being allowed to compete in the eight-day championship.</p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="/media/7828825/new-project.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/9c9a3591c0ac4d3b90f22c561d1ca172" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><em>Silver medalist Mack Horton of Australia, gold medalist Sun Yang of China and bronze medalist Gabriele Detti of Italy.</em></p> <p>The incredible move and bitter rivalry between the two has sparked an intense international debate after Yang accused Horton of disrespecting China.</p> <p>“I was aware that the Australian athlete had dissatisfaction and personal feelings towards me,” Yang said via an interpreter.</p> <p>“But it was unfortunate because disrespecting me is okay but disrespecting China was very unfortunate and I felt sorry about that.</p> <p>“I’m aware of the rumours (about his alleged hammer attack). (But) I think this has been the greatest achievement in history for the Chinese (swimming) team.”</p> <p>10-time world champion Yang is accused of smashing vials of his blood during a clash with drug testers last year, however, he was allowed to compete in the eight-day swimming event while he awaits a Court of Arbitration for Sport hearing in September.</p> <p>Horton has not been shy of his feelings on Yang, suggesting <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.oversixty.com.au/news/news/aussie-team-stands-by-mack-horton-in-china-swimming-feud" target="_blank">he was a “drug cheat” at the 2016 Rio Olympics.</a></p> <p>The Olympian admitted on Sunday he was unhappy with the results of the race.</p> <p>“Frustration is probably it,” Horton said after the race.</p> <p>“I think you know in what respect.”</p> <p>Andrew Horton, father of the swimmer, told 3AW Radio their family have a “huge respect” for China.</p> <p>“There’s a lot of commentary about China. We have huge respect for China. This is about ensuring that there are systems and processes in the sport that keep the sport clean,” he said.</p>

Caring

Lifestyle

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Novak Djokovic rocked by marriage claims after wife's no-show at Wimbledon

<p>Tennis star Novak Djokovic’s marriage has set tongues wagging after his wife and “rock”Jelena was missing throughout the entirety of Wimbledon 2019. </p> <p>The 33-year-old was not in attendance for any of Novak's matches including the nail-biting win against Roger Federer in last Sunday’s grand final. </p> <p>What was his fifth men’s title for this year’s tennis tournament seemed to have been missed by Jelena. </p> <p>The stunning mother of two also missed the Wimbledon Champions Ball, leaving the tennis victor to attend alone. </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/BmIJm-EFHkY/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/BmIJm-EFHkY/" target="_blank">Cheers to new beginnings and fresh starts 🍹 Good luck my champion! ❤ We believe in you! 🎾💪🙏 #TeamDjokovic #NoleFam @djokernole</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/jelenadjokovicndf/" target="_blank"> Jelena Djokovic</a> (@jelenadjokovicndf) on Aug 5, 2018 at 11:27pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>The absence has sparked rumours to fly as Jelena has always been a guaranteed support system from the sidelines for Novak. </p> <p>This year, the tennis champ said his wife was staying at their London home with their youngest daughter Tara, 1, as she was too small to attend the matches.</p> <p>After his victory, Novak said: “It’s extra special sharing it with my son [Stefan, 4] in the crowd and my parents, the whole team."</p> <p>He added, "My wife and my daughter are here in London, but they’re at home. So I give them a big, big hug.”</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/BlpNxqaFa5W/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/BlpNxqaFa5W/" target="_blank">Still savoring this moment with the loves of my life.. 💗🎾 #family #love #wimbledon #tennis 📷 @illustrationsinspirations</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/jelenadjokovicndf/" target="_blank"> Jelena Djokovic</a> (@jelenadjokovicndf) on Jul 24, 2018 at 11:07pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Last year, Novak described the feeling of seeing his wife and eldest child in the crowd looking down on him when he lifted the trophy as one of the happiest moments of his life. </p> <p>Jelena was not able to bring Stefan into the centre count until after match point due to Wimbledon’s “no children under five” being able to enter the venue rule.</p> <p>“Actually, I didn’t talk about it, but it was one of, if not the biggest, motivation I’ve had for this Wimbledon this year,” Novak said. </p> <p>“I was visualising, imagining this moment of him coming to the stands, cherishing this moment with my wife and me and everyone. It’s hard to describe.</p> <p>“I never had him in the box watching the tennis match. I was hoping that Wimbledon can be that tournament because he’s big enough now I think to stay quiet maybe for 30 minutes or so</p> <p>“There are special rules here so we have to respect them.</p> <p>“Roger (Federer) had his girls and his boys as well, I think, last year and the years that he won at the trophy ceremony, so I was hoping I can have Stefan, too.”</p> <p>“He was not there til the very moment when I was walking to get an interview. He walked in. So that was just a moment that I will carry inside of my heart forever.”</p>

Relationships

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Why we desire partners who have had relationship experience

<p><a href="https://theconversation.com/why-were-more-likely-to-date-someone-who-has-an-ex-67367">Mate copying</a> (sometimes called mate-choice copying) is where an individual is preferred as a future romantic partner simply because they have relationship experience.</p> <p>Mate copying is a form of non-independent mate selection arising from social learning. Someone gathers mate-relevant information about a potential partner by observing their romantic interactions with someone else. The “copying” part refers to developing a preference for a partner simply because someone of the same gender as yourself has had a preference for them in the past.</p> <p>The basic idea is that people who have already been in a relationship have been “road-tested”. The logic goes they have proven they have at least some romantically desirable attributes because of their experience. This might seem odd, but there is plenty of good <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090513810000231">scientific evidence</a> that mate copying exists.</p> <p>Although the phenomenon <a href="http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0009115">applies broadly</a>, we know that it is particularly prevalent <a href="https://researchonline.jcu.edu.au/36244/">among young women</a>.</p> <p>So, what is the value in mate copying? While it may not be obvious, the phenomenon does hold some utility. For one, mate-seekers (men or women) can readily identify a “good” (or at least passable) mate. In a sense, the person with experience is a “safer bet”.</p> <p>Another advantage is that this information is cheap. Rather than going through a costly trial-and-error process to identify a suitable romantic partner (expending time and money on dates), the mate copier gets similar information from observing others.</p> <p>A man holding hands with and embracing a woman is presumably considered by her to be at least an adequate relationship partner. The guy in the corner of the room alone staring at his iPhone may or may not be.</p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12110-003-1006-0?LI=true">“The Wedding Ring Effect”</a>, as it is sometimes called by the popular media, is the idea that simply by wearing a wedding ring a man is somehow imbued with a host of desirable characteristics.</p> <p>With an understanding of how and why mate copying works, this may seem like an entirely logical extension. It is, however, an egregious misconception.</p> <p><a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/2462347?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents">Seminal studies</a> and a multitude of <a href="http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.5735/086.048.0202">subsequent empirical work</a> have thoroughly established that mate copying exists among non-humans, and there is a bunch of converging evidence suggesting that the phenomenon occurs among humans. However, having a heightened preference for someone that has been romantically “pre-approved” is very different from chasing someone who is married.</p> <p>Studies have shown that romantically unavailable men are considered to be both more <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1660608/">attractive</a>, and more <a href="http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/77762/">desirable as long-term mates</a>. But there are also solid reasons not to pursue (or even desire) a married man.</p> <p>For one, married men are probably going to be harder to romantically “obtain” than someone who is single. A married man is going to at least be reluctant to violate marital commitments, and prying him from his partner is likely going to be met with strong resistance.</p> <p>Additionally, there are all sorts of social proscriptions against pursuing a married man. Doing so may well result in social derogation and/or exclusion.</p> <p>In one of the most realistic studies of mate copying, <a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12110-003-1006-0">Swedish researchers</a> had women engage in real-life interactions with men who were wearing a wedding ring and men who weren’t. After the women had met and talked with each man (separately), each woman was asked a series of questions about the men she had just met. For example, she was asked her first impression of each man, their attractiveness and so on.</p> <p>There were no major differences between the two men in terms of how they were perceived by the women, but the men without wedding rings were on average considered more attractive, both physically and generally.</p> <p>Women suggested that they would rather have dinner with, have sex with, start a relationship with, and invite home the men not wearing a wedding ring. This may not come as much of a surprise, but it does suggest that while being in a relationship may make a man appealing in some sense, being married doesn’t.</p> <p>Following on from this idea, <a href="http://docplayer.net/22088144-The-wedding-ring-effect-revisited-steve-manna.html">research</a> conducted in the US found that female participants evaluating a photo of a man found him to be slightly more romantically attractive and generally likeable if he was romantically available than if he was living with a romantic partner.</p> <p>The much more important variable here was whether or not he had a history of commitment. Men who had previously been in relationships for three years were considered far more romantically attractive and generally likeable than men whose longest relationship had lasted only a few months.</p> <p>Some research I conducted recently found a curious pattern of results. Namely, men with relationship experience were considered more desirable than those without experience if the men were described only (no visual representation). As soon as they were pictured alongside a partner, this effect completely reversed.</p> <p>Taken together, these studies suggest that the idea of a man in a relationship is appealing in theory – but when it becomes a reality the appeal vanishes, or is at least mitigated.</p> <p><em>Written by Ryan Anderson. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/why-we-desire-partners-who-have-had-relationship-experience-78463">The Conversation</a>.</em></p>

Relationships

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50 reasons why you should love being over 50

<p>It might not surprise you, but most studies find that we are happiest between the ages of 50 and 70. For the most part you’ve done worrying about what other people think of you, built more than a little resilience and your career and kids are not demanding the attention they once did.  Now it’s finally time for you.</p> <p>We’re building the list of reason to love being over 50 and we’d love you to help us get it to 50! What are your favourites?</p> <p><strong>Reasons to love being over 50</strong></p> <p>1. You’re old enough to really appreciate your parents.</p> <p>2. You’re happy in your own skin.</p> <p>3. Experiences mean more than things.</p> <p>4. You’ve got more me time now that the kids are off your hands.</p> <p>5. A really fantastic cup of coffee.</p> <p>6. You can finally get to work on that bucket list.</p> <p>7. Spending time with great friends.</p> <p>8. Older and bolder, self confidence tends to grow with age.</p> <p>9. Eating chocolate cake for dinner.  With no ‘example to set’, you can eat whatever you want whenever you want! </p> <p>10. Sleeping in!</p> <p>11. Freckles and knobbly knees – the things we used to obsess about when a teenager seem utterly irrelevant now. </p> <p>12. Having the time to actually read a great book.</p> <p>13. Family - spending precious time with crazy cousins, kooky aunts and much loved parents, children and grandchildren. </p> <p>14. And speaking of them – GRANDCHILDREN !</p> <p>15. After a lifetime of delivering 'what is expected'. No more expections!</p> <p>16. Knowledge gained and amazing memories.</p> <p>17. We can participate in life with the energy and enthusiasm of a child but with the wisdom of experience - just magic!</p> <p>18. Setting your own schedule and time-frames because you are finally your own boss!</p> <p>19. Having the time to travel for more than a month a year (and when it isn't school hoildays).</p> <p>20. Spending time with grandchildren who love you back unconditionally. Being able to read to grandchildren for as long as you want to, without worrying about all the jobs that still need doing.</p> <p>21. Having the time to write about experiences brings a whole new perspective to amazing holidays and relationships.</p> <p>22. Being old enough to know better but then doing it anyway.</p> <p>23. Realising you don't need to worry about what others think. You only need to answer to yourself.</p> <p>24. Seeing all the kids and 'young people' wearing the 'latest fashion' that you wore at the same age as they are now.</p> <p>25. Having a great cup of tea with an old friend and having the time to just enjoy spending time together.<br />26. ?</p> <p><strong>Now help us build our list and tell us your favourite reasons …</strong></p> <p><em>Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/lifestyle/wyza-life/help-us-find-50-reasons-why-you-should-love-being-over-50.aspx">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p>

Retirement Life

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Is my forgetfulness normal?

<p>We all forget things from time to time. For example, how many of us have walked into a room only to forget why we went there in the first place? Or forgotten the name of a new acquaintance only moments after they’ve introduced themselves? These are common experiences, but if these memory lapses turn persistent or progressive it could be a sign of something else.</p> <p><em>“A person with forgetfulness may lose their car keys, but a person with dementia may lose their car keys and then forget what the car keys are actually used for,”</em> explains Alzheimer’s Australia CEO, Carol Bennett. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia and affects 80 per cent of people with dementia. While memory loss is the most common symptom of dementia, other symptoms may include confusion, personality change, apathy and withdrawal or an inability to perform everyday tasks.</p> <p>According to Bennett, dementia will present itself in many different ways and symptoms may vary between individuals. <em>“For some people it won’t be memory loss, rather they may experience visual-spatial differences. For example, someone with dementia may put their glass down under the table or above the table and drop the glass. They may misjudge stairs, because they lose their capacity to judge physical space,”</em> she said.</p> <p><strong>Early signs of alzheimer’s disease</strong><br />Alzheimer’s Australia advise some warning signs include:</p> <p>1. Remembering events, words, names or objects: A person with dementia may progressively forget common words or names and may even forget part or all of an event. In healthy people, there may be the occasional lapse but words are usually on the tip of the tongue and memories are vague, rather than completely forgotten.</p> <p>2. Understanding stories: Dementia causes a decline in the ability to follow story lines in TV shows, films, books or any other storytelling form of entertainment.</p> <p>3. Performing everyday tasks: In someone with dementia, everyday tasks like dressing and cooking can become quite arduous, whereas a healthy person will not have any difficulty unless physically impaired.</p> <p>4. Following directions: Healthy people should be able to follow written and verbal directions without any difficulty. Someone with dementia, on the other hand, is increasingly unable to follow these cues.</p> <p><a href="https://fightdementia.org.au/">Read the full checklist on the Alzheimer’s Australia website.</a></p> <p><strong>Younger onset dementia</strong><br />While dementia is more common in people over 65, sadly there are more than 24,000 Australians in their 30s, 40s, 50s and early 60s affected by the disease.</p> <p><em>“Dementia in the under 65s is often misdiagnosed. There’s a lack of information, even among health professionals,”</em> adds Bennett. One theory is that people with younger onset dementia tend to present with problem solving and behavioural issues, and as a result, these individuals can be mistakenly diagnosed with depression.</p> <p>There are different types of dementia and symptoms are variable. However, if you or a loved one is worried, see a GP or ask for a referral to a neurologist who can complete a series of medical and psychological tests to determine the cause. Your doctor may talk to you about your medical history, perform cognitive, psychiatric and/or neuropsychological testing, or request blood and urine tests to screen for illnesses which could be responsible for dementia-like symptoms.</p> <p>Bennett explains, when it comes to younger onset dementia, early intervention is key.<em> “Early diagnosis makes a huge difference to the outcome. Unfortunately it is a very progressive condition, especially in younger onset where it tends to progressive more quickly. The sooner you can provide support the better. Early intervention keeps people out of hospital and residential aged care,”</em> she adds.</p> <p><strong>Preventing dementia: help at hand</strong><br /><em>“There isn’t a one size fits all, it’s about keeping your mind active,”</em> advises Bennett. In fact, experts say that the changes in the brain that lead to dementia begin up to 15-20 years before symptoms first appear. Lifestyle changes, such as keeping physically active, eating the right foods and challenging the mind, all reduce the risk.</p> <p><a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/lifestyle/health-wellbeing/six-ways-to-keep-your-mind-sharp.aspx">Click here</a> for six fun and simple ways to reduce your risk for dementia and keep your mind sharper for longer. </p> <p>Alzheimer’s Australia has also developed a Brainy App, which can help determine your ‘brain health’ and assist you with completing brainy activities using a score system. Download the free app <a href="http://yourbrainmatters.org.au/a-little-help/brainyapp">here</a>.</p> <p>Ready for something new? Take the Your Brain Matters 21 challenge! Always dreamt of speaking Spanish, learning the violin or finally mastering a soufflé? Keeping your mind active by doing new things is a fun way to establish brain healthy habits visit: <a href="http://yourbrainmatters.org.au/challenge">Your brain matters</a>.</p> <p>You can also call the National Dementia Helpline on 1800 100 500 for support and advice regarding health, financial and counselling services in your area.</p> <p><em>Written by Mahsa Fratantoni. Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/health/wellbeing/is-my-forgetfulness-normal.aspx">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p>

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Human remains found "likely" Seinfeld and Golden Girls actor

<p>Human remains found in a remote part of the United States are expected to be that of missing actor Charles Levin.</p> <p>Levin played a number of roles in successful television comedies including <em>Seinfeld</em>, <em>Golden Girls </em>and <em>Night Court</em>.</p> <p>The 70-year-old actor was reported missing on July 8 by his son after he hadn’t seen his father for a number of days.</p> <p>Levin went missing from Grand Pass, Oregon and was driving an orange 2012 Fiat.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/Bz9u9KQgGJi/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/Bz9u9KQgGJi/" target="_blank">A post shared by Quell (@quell_the_movie)</a> on Jul 15, 2019 at 9:41pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr"><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/MISSING?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#MISSING</a>: Have you seen Charles Levin?<br /><br />He was moving to a home on Redwood Avenue from a residence near SW G Street in <a href="https://twitter.com/GrantsPassOR?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@GrantsPassOR</a>. He drives an orange 2012 Fiat with an Oregon license plate.<a href="https://t.co/UG2u3KcKI6">https://t.co/UG2u3KcKI6</a></p> — 𝐁𝐫𝐢𝐚𝐧 𝐒𝐜𝐡𝐧𝐞𝐞 (@brian_schnee) <a href="https://twitter.com/brian_schnee/status/1149069462928125952?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">July 10, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>On Saturday evening, a resident in the Grants Pass area found Levin’s car in a “very remote and almost impassable road,” according to the Grants Pass Department of Public Safety.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/Bz6vCttn2BZ/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/Bz6vCttn2BZ/" target="_blank">A post shared by Bea Arthur Thots (@bea.arthur)</a> on Jul 14, 2019 at 5:45pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Sadly, Boo Boo Bear the dog was found passed away inside the vehicle which was positioned off the road.  </p> <p>Crew members conducted a thorough search throughout the area and after several hours found human remains.</p> <p>“Based on the circumstances, there is a high probability that the remains are those of Charles Levin,” the Grants Pass Department of Public Safety said.</p> <p>Levin’s other TV credits also include <em>Alice<span> </span></em>and <em>Doogie Howser, M.D</em>.</p> <p>He also appeared in movies including <em>The Golden Child</em>,<span> </span><em>Annie Hall</em> and <em>This is Spinal Tap</em>.</p>

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6 questions to ask when choosing a retirement village

<p>Around five per cent of Australians aged 65 and older live in retirement villages. And while there are many benefits to this lifestyle choice, there are also many legal, financial and social considerations to be aware of before taking the plunge. </p> <p>Here are six questions to ask when moving into a retirement village.</p> <p><strong>1. What is the entry fee?</strong></p> <p>A range of factors are considered when determining the entry fee for your retirement unit, from the unit’s location to the available facilities and the age of the space. Therefore, it’s important to choose a retirement unit you’re able to afford.</p> <p><strong>2. Can I afford the ongoing costs?</strong></p> <p>When you’re on a fixed budget, “ongoing costs” can be crippling and seriously impact your quality of life. In retirement villages, you can expect regular charges in everything from services provided to maintenance fees. Before you sign the dotted line, inquire about any “ongoing costs” and ask yourself if you’re able to afford them.</p> <p><strong>3. How accessible is the location?</strong></p> <p>Moving to a retirement village might be a lifestyle chance, but it doesn’t mean life is over by any stretch of the imagination. When settling upon a location, make sure it provides good access to public transport and facilities that you might use such as a GP, shops, hospital and even leisure amenities like libraries, churches and clubs</p> <p><strong>4. Are the security arrangements sufficient?</strong></p> <p>One of the key advantages of moving to a retirement village is the added level of security these communities afford residents, so it’s important to make sure the security arrangements are sufficient. Inquire about fences, external lighting, security guards and any other measures to make sure you’re satisfied with the arrangements.</p> <p><strong>5. Is the village adaptable to my needs as I age?</strong></p> <p>You never know what’s around the corner, but if you’re not permitted to make changes inside the premises you might find yourself locked into a unit that’s wholly unsuitable. Knowing whether or not the village can be adaptable to any mobility issues that might come your way, is a key thing to consider before settling on a location.</p> <p><strong>6. Am I ready for the change?</strong></p> <p>While there are many advantages that come with downsizing, it can also be quite a confronting experience and one that isn’t easily reversed. It’s important to be honest yourself, and make sure that if you’re thinking of moving to a retirement village being, you’re doing it for the right reasons.</p> <p>It’s also equally as important to make sure your decision isn’t influenced by family and friends who have your best intentions at heart, won’t have to live with the consequences.</p> <p>Do you live in a retirement village? Share your experience with us in the comments below.</p> <p><strong>Related links:</strong></p> <p><a href="/lifestyle/retirement-life/2016/11/gary-jackson-loves-living-at-ocean-club-resort/"><strong><em><span style="text-decoration: underline;">We’ve retired to one of the most perfect spots on earth</span></em></strong></a></p> <p><a href="/news/news/2016/11/retirement-village-helps-drought-affected-families-in-time-for-christmas/"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><em><strong>Retirement village helps drought-affected families in time for Christmas</strong></em></span></a></p> <p><a href="/health/caring/2016/10/retirement-home-for-ageing-pets/"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><em><strong>Retirement home for ageing pets</strong></em></span></a></p>

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Volunteering: How it holds the key to self-fulfilment

<p>If someone had asked you to do a days work for no pay a few years ago, you probably would have laughed it off. <br /><br />But did you know that more than six million people or 36% of Australians aged over 18 take part in voluntary work each year?<br /><br />Even though there may not be the usual financial gain at the finish line, volunteering is the perfect way to self-improvement. People report greater levels of satisfaction and fulfilment.<br /><br />66-year old Matilda Di Certi is semi-retired and regularly volunteers.<br /><br />“My enjoyment in volunteering began with the Sydney 2000 Olympics. I had just cut back from full-time to part-time work and I had heard about a friend of mine who was volunteering at the Olympics. I signed up and just got so much personal satisfaction from helping out with one of the biggest events our nation has seen,” she said.<br /><br />She continues to volunteer at major national sport and arts events whenever she can.<br /><br />“Volunteering keeps my mind and body active and makes me feel like I’m part of something much bigger,” she added.<br /><br />Statistics also show that more women than men volunteer and the group with the highest rates of volunteering is aged between 45 and 54.<br /><br />Sport and physical recreation organisations are the most common type that people volunteer for while others include:<br /><br />• Community/welfare<br />• Religious groups<br />• Parenting, children and youth<br /><br /><strong>How to get started volunteering<br /></strong><br />If you’ve thought about volunteering, but don’t know where to start visit <a href="http://www.volunteeringaustralia.org/">volunteeringaustralia.org</a> as a first port of call.</p> <p>Another way to get onto the volunteering path is to ask yourself what you are passionate about. Are there any causes close to your heart that you never had the time for? What skills could you contribute? Speak to peers and family. They might be able to give you some inspiration or direction.<br /><br />Volunteering can be what you make of it. You can give your time to large-scale organisations and events like museums, charities and concerts or smaller local events and organisations such as fairs, schools, councils and churches. <br />Always remember to do what suits you. Before you sign up, ask yourself how much time you want to devote and don’t over-commit yourself if you are unsure and haven’t volunteered before.</p> <p>Below are some charitable organisations you might want to approach for volunteering:</p> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.rspcansw.org.au/">rspcansw.org.au</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.thesmithfamily.com.au/">thesmithfamily.com.au</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.acas.org.au/">acas.org.au</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.redcross.org.au/">redcross.org.au</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.projects-abroad.com.au/">projects-abroad.com.au</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.missionaustralia.com.au/">missionaustralia.com.au</a></li> </ul> <p><em>Written by Danielle Cesta. Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/work/employment/volunteering-holds-the-key-to-self-fulfillment.aspx">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p>

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Secrets of real estate millionaire Josh Altman

<p>Los Angeles real-estate-agent-to-the-stars <a href="http://t.dgm-au.com/c/185116/69171/1880?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.booktopia.com.au%2Fit-s-your-move-josh-altman%2Fprod9780062369253.html">Josh Altman</a> has the easy laugh of someone who has made millions and lost them during the span of his career.</p> <p>A classic rags-to-riches story <a href="http://www.joshaltman.com.au/">Altman</a>, originally from Massachusetts, arrived in LA 13 years ago with no money and started flipping houses while working in a mail room. A millionaire at 26, he lost everything at 27 when the US economy collapsed.</p> <p>“It’s not what happens to you, it’s how you recover from it. It’s how you bounce back from an experience like that,” he says.</p> <p>And bounce back he did. <a href="http://www.joshaltman.com.au/">Altman</a> is one of the most successful US real estate agents working in the high end of the market – he’s sold more than $1.5 billion worth of property over the past three years. A self-confessed workaholic, <a href="http://t.dgm-au.com/c/185116/69171/1880?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.booktopia.com.au%2Fit-s-your-move-josh-altman%2Fprod9780062369253.html">Altman</a> is enjoying riding the wave of success. “Right now, I’m at the top of my game,” he says.</p> <p>So naturally, he’s a man in demand. Spending time in Australia this week (with his brother and business partner Matt) to impart his expert knowledge, Altman, 37, will talk about a hot topic he – and many of us – are obsessed with: the real estate market and how to make it work for you. </p> <p>He’s well-known to Aussie audiences. Altman accepted a central role on US reality TV show Million Dollar Listing Los Angeles six years ago, and viewers have got to know his aggressive, alpha male style (his nickname is The Shark) over the seasons. The Bravo network hit show is broadcast in 70 countries.</p> <p><strong><em>If you buy smart, even if you don’t get as much square footage, I always say go for the location</em></strong></p> <p>Altman says if you do your homework the more likely you’ll achieve your real estate goals. “At the end of the day, it comes down to people feeling comfortable where they’re putting their money,” he says.</p> <p>“It doesn’t matter what market you’re in, always buy in a prime location, even if it costs you a little more, he advises. “If you buy smart, even if you don’t get as much square footage, I always say go for the location."</p> <p>“I’ve been in down markets and I’ve been in up markets, and the people who get hurt the least in a down market are the ones who still lived in a prime location. I also like to look at places or areas that can’t be replicated.”</p> <p><strong><em>I’m a big fan of holding onto property for as long as possible</em></strong></p> <p>While he mixes with Hollywood celebrities such as Kim Kardashian and Ashton Kutcher as well as business leaders and political heavyweights, Altman says it doesn’t matter who you are, the principles involved in buying and selling property are the same for everyone, including those who are 50+.</p> <p> “I’m a big fan of holding onto property for as long as possible,” he says. “My mentors told me hold onto it until you can’t hold it any more to see quite a return on their investment.”</p> <p>Altman still enjoys flipping houses – buying a house that needs work and doing it up and making a tidy profit – but it’s more of a hobby these days. He says it’s a great way to make money and get to know the real estate market. What you need to achieve success is an experienced, reliable team, he says.</p> <p><strong><em>Make sure you’re talking to local agents who are experts in the area and have a good track record</em></strong></p> <p>“Most of the problems I see with flipping houses occurs when people are not familiar with the process and haven’t got people around them to help,” says Altman. “You need to have tradespeople you can trust, a project manager you can trust. There’s a lot of money to be saved if you have the right people doing it for you.”</p> <p>But, when it comes time to selling, don’t leave anything to guesswork. When putting a property on the market, Altman says shop around. “It’s important to meet with a few agents,” he shares.</p> <p>“Make sure you’re talking to local agents who are experts in the area and have a good track record. Talk about your options. Use your gut instincts to choose an agent you believe will do the best job for you. But keep it all business.</p> <p>“One thing sellers do is that they take offers for their property too personally, that can be a mistake. When you’re selling a house, you really have to step out of the situation. You have to realise it’s an investment. Work with your agent and remember that with a very low offer you can negotiate up.”</p> <p>Another component, especially when starting out in your real estate search, is to surround yourself with a solid support system. Networking plays a part, too, so don’t be afraid to get out there and meet people.</p> <p>“The best thing you can do is call and meet up with a bunch of local agents. Take them out for lunch or dinner and pick their brains,” says Altman. “Also, talk to your friends. The last thing I would do is invest with somebody I don’t know or hasn’t been referred to me by someone or doesn’t have a track record. You need to find an agent who wants to help you because they want to earn your business.”</p> <p>For those interested in investing in real estate in a bid to secure a safe or early retirement, Altman says it’s best not to be too risk-averse, though it’s wise to be fiscally sensible.</p> <p>“I’ve made some pretty good money off some small investments. Make sure before you commit to anything that you can afford to lose it. That’s important,” he says.</p> <p>You can buy an investment property where you know the rental market is very strong.<br />Whether you buy an investment property near where you live or in an area far away from you is a personal choice, says Altman, but he prefers to keep a close eye on the bricks and mortar he buys. “I personally like to be able to see the properties I invest in,” he says. “I like to be able to drive by, see them and touch them.”</p> <p>Altman adds it doesn’t matter if you want to invest in property in another state or another area of the city you live in as long as you are confident you have made the right decision.</p> <p>If you’re in your 50s and haven’t taken that first step in buying property, Altman says it’s never too late to start. His motto is: “Recognise an opportunity when it’s in front of you, go after it and capitalise on it.”</p> <p>Take your time and build up your knowledge. Being confident about the decisions you make is a crucial step in the process.</p> <p><strong><em>With their monthly payment when they own a house is often going to be cheaper than renting</em></strong></p> <p>“Sit down with a local agent, those who haven’t bought yet could perhaps be surprised at how cheap it is to buy something right now with interest rates they way they are right now, a lot of people don’t realise that with their monthly payment when they own a house is often going to be cheaper than renting,” says Altman. “If they have a nice nest egg saved up it’s a great way to get into the market.</p> <p>“You can buy an investment property where you know the rental market is very strong. And you can buy something and keep it for a long time and rent it out. You can get some great returns on that.”</p> <p>Of course, everyone wants to know the secret to Altman’s incredible success. He says he’s passionate about what he does but there is one thing that has helped him tremendously.</p> <p><strong><em>I love real estate. I’d be doing it even if I wasn’t making the money I’m making</em></strong></p> <p>“You want to listen a lot more than you talk,” he advises. “That is a classic mistake that people make, you know when other people talk and you listen, and if you ask the right questions, there’s a lot of tips that other people give away.</p> <p>“I love real estate. I’d be doing it even if I wasn’t making the money I’m making. In days gone by, in my free time, I used to drive around and look at houses just for the love of it.”</p> <p>While many viewers of the show may see Altman as a driven businessman, they would also have seen a man increasingly prepared to show his vulnerable side, particularly his admission that he’s made many mistakes, both professionally and personally.</p> <p><strong><em>Never buy what you can’t afford</em></strong></p> <p>He says, “I’ve made dozens of mistakes! Right before the [US] economy collapsed, I bought a house that I really shouldn’t have been able to afford, but I reached for it because I got emotional about the property. Never buy what you can’t afford.<br />“It’s important to accept any mistakes you make. Learn from them and stay strong no matter what you’re doing.” </p> <p>And that includes his love-live. Altman’s worn his heart on his sleeve about nearly losing his now-wife, fellow real estate agent Heather Bilyeu, whom he married in April after admitted that working relentlessly had nearly lost him the most important person in his life. </p> <p>“Being on television has opened doors and given me opportunities I wouldn’t probably have had. If it all ended today, I’d go back to just being a real estate realtor [agent]. That’s all I’ve ever wanted to do.</p> <p>“I’m having fun. It could end any day; that’s okay. It’s been an amazing ride and learning experience. And I got to meet my wife on the show.”</p> <p><strong>Josh and Matt Altman are at The Star Sydney on June 14 and at The Plenary MCEC in Melbourne on June 15. The Brisbane event has been cancelled. For more information on how to buy tickets, visit his website <a href="http://www.joshaltman.com.au/">here</a>.</strong></p> <p><em>*Disclaimer: The advice given in this story is of a general nature. Seek professional advice before selling, investing or buying property.  </em></p> <p><em>Written by Robin Hill. Republished with permission of <a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/entertainment/secrets-of-real-estate-millionaire-josh-altman.aspx">Wyza.com.au.</a></em></p>

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What a treat! Unseen photo of Prince William and Duchess Kate's three children emerges

<p>Over the last week, royal fans have been treated to a flurry of new photographs of the Cambridge children. </p> <p>It is rare supporters are able to get a glimpse into the lives of cheeky Prince George, cutie-pie Princess Charlotte and adorable Prince Louis, however another new unseen picture of the royal family has emerged. </p> <p>Earlier this week, fans of the famous family were treated to three stunning new snaps of Prince George to celebrate his 6th birthday – all taken by his talented mother the Duchess of Cambridge. </p> <p>In the photos, the young royal is seen having a giggle towards the camera in their Kensington Palace home wearing an England FC shirt, and missing a front tooth.</p> <p>In another cheeky snap, he is pictured smiling while on a family holiday – and they were enough to make royal fans as gleeful as the little royal looked. </p> <p>“This is just the greatest picture! Happy Birthday Prince George!!” one comment read by a fan on a post dedicated to the prince. </p> <p>Another added: “Priceless face! So beautiful.”</p> <p>Excitingly enough, another surprise photograph has emerged of Prince George, four-year-old Princess Charlotte and 15-month old Prince Louis with their dad Prince William along with two soldiers. </p> <p>Even better, the adorable family pic that is only missing the Duchess of Cambridge, featured little Princess Charlotte staring longingly at a sizeable Irish Wolfhound in adoration. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">The Army In London, including <a href="https://twitter.com/irish_guards?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@irish_guards</a> Wolfhound mascot Domhnall, is wishing HRH Prince George a very happy 6th birthday today. Our Soldiers are always on duty, ready to serve! <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/PrinceGeorge?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#PrinceGeorge</a> <a href="https://t.co/JKrUja4GNL">pic.twitter.com/JKrUja4GNL</a></p> — The Army in London (@ArmyInLondon) <a href="https://twitter.com/ArmyInLondon/status/1153277213971820544?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">July 22, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>The caption on the gorgeous photograph shared on Twitter read: "The Army In London, including @irish_guards Wolfhound mascot Domhnall, is wishing HRH Prince George a very happy 6th birthday today. Our Soldiers are always on duty, ready to serve! #PrinceGeorge."</p> <p>The picture was taken less than two weeks ago when the Cambridge children and their parents enjoyed a fun day out at the polo where the little ones cheered on Prince William and Prince Harry alongside their newborn cousin, Archie. </p> <p>The Cambridge children are sure to be enjoying their holidays at the moment, where they jetted off to a luxurious and extremely private Caribbean Island for the second year in a row, and where Prince George spent his 6th birthday. </p>

Technology

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A biologist reveals what he thinks of The Lion King

<p>Last week saw the release of the rebooted <em>The Lion King</em>, an attempt to capitalise on the billion-dollar success of the 1994 original. With a star-studded cast, the reboot closely follows the plot of the first movie (spoilers to follow, obviously).</p> <p>Mufasa, king of the lions (and of every other creature in his territory), raises his son Simba to follow in his footsteps. But Mufasa is murdered by his jealous brother Scar, and his young heir is chased into the desert. Years pass, and eventually Simba reclaims his rightful place as the ruler of Pride Rock.</p> <p>The remake is likely to be the box office hit of 2019. But in my job as a big cat biologist, I spend plenty of time with Pride Rock’s real-life counterparts. While Disney was somewhat accurate, the real life dynamics of a lion pride in Uganda or Tanzania’s national parks can be far more Game of Thrones than The Circle of Life.</p> <p><strong>Sarabi’s pride: The anchors of lion society</strong></p> <p>The key to survival in lion society is strength in numbers, and lionesses are the anchors of lion prides. They form a matrilineal society, and generally stay in the territory of their birth. It is the males that leave.</p> <p><em>The Lion King</em> gets the fundamental premise of pride society right: its strength is the <a href="https://science.sciencemag.org/content/293/5530/690">number of lionesses</a> in a pride.</p> <p>You might assume this would be for successful hunting, but far more fundamentally, it is the key to successfully raising young. Lionesses will often give birth at a similar time (usually a few months apart). This means they can suckle each other’s cubs.</p> <p>Genetically, this makes sense, as they are related as mothers, sisters, aunts and nieces. If one lioness dies, a relative will raise her offspring. Moreover, the strength of numbers means lionesses can defend their cubs from males trying to kill them.</p> <p>Males (typically not the father) will kill cubs to force their mothers back into heat. Infanticide is one of the the leading causes of death for young lions; about <a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2013/08/serengeti-lions/">25% of all lion cubs</a> will die in this way. It is perhaps understandable why Disney chose to omit this aspect of lion society from their children’s films.</p> <p><strong>Scar and Mufasa would be partners – not enemies</strong></p> <p>Where <em>The Lion King</em> takes a turn towards fiction is in the relationship between Scar and Mufasa. In the film they are brothers, and enemies. But in real life they would be partners and rely intimately on each other.</p> <p>In lion society, young males are evicted from their mothers’ pride once they mature. To survive they <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/282839a0%E2%80%8B">band together</a>, looking for a new pride they can take up residency in and sire offspring.</p> <p>The more males in a coalition, the higher the likelihood they will secure tenure in a new female pride. Yes, Mufasa and Scar may have had the odd squabble over mating rights to females in the pride, but they wouldn’t kill each other.</p> <p>Instead, their fight would be with other males. Arguably the best example of this was seen in the mid-2000s in South Africa’s Sabi-Sands game reserve. A coalition of six adolescent males, <a href="https://africageographic.com/blog/the-legend-of-the-mapogo-lions/">known as the Mapogos</a> (meaning rogues or vigilantes), joined forces to rule an area of 170,000 acres for six years.</p> <p>They sired a multitude of offspring, but killed at least 40 cubs, females and adult males during their reign, before finally being dispatched by two other lion coalitions (the Majingilanes and the Southern Pride).</p> <p>Interestingly, in the 1994 original Scar was the bearer of a gorgeous, black mane, far darker than his brother Mufasa’s. Seminal experiments with dummy lions showed lionesses <a href="https://science.sciencemag.org/content/297/5585/1339%E2%80%8B">prefer males with darker manes</a>.</p> <p>Those same dark-maned males feature more testosterone and can heal up quicker after big fights. Rather than the outcast Scar is made out to be, his black mane would be an important indicator of fitness and very sexy to lionesses!</p> <p><strong>Run away and (really) never return</strong></p> <p>One of the key moments in <em>The Lion King</em> is Simba leaving his mother’s pride, fuelled by guilt over Mufasa’s death.</p> <p>The act of leaving is dead right, but it would not have been voluntary. Adult lions cannot stand the presence of young and upcoming males in their areas, although they will tolerate young cubs to a degree. When males are between two and a half and about four, they are forcibly evicted by their fathers, uncles and other pride members.</p> <p>I recently saw one of my favourite Ugandan lions, a 3-year-old male called Jacob (pictured below), get swatted around by a coalition of three massive mature males. Jacob immediately submitted, laying on his back and cowering. Simba’s journey away from home would not have been a smooth one.</p> <p>When lions leave their birth pride, they’re setting out on a long, arduous journey (which makes it all the more important to have your brother or cousin with you).</p> <p>Lions can move hundreds of kilometres in search of a new “home”, a new pride they can challenge the incumbent males for. They can cross electrified fences into new reserves, move across cattle farms and even <a href="https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/CDE002EC458890809D81DDE543821D99/S0952836902003126a.pdf/reduced_dispersal_and_opportunistic_territory_acquisition_in_male_lions_panthera_leo.pdf">international borders</a>.</p> <p>The likelihood of Simba returning to his mother’s pride are next to none, barring some extreme event resulting in the males dying (for example trophy hunters or poachers). Of course, if he did return, it would be to mate with as many lionesses as he could, many of whom – if not all – would be closely related to him.</p> <p>While I personally revel in the opportunity to study lion society in its totality, even the fights and hardships, I can understand why Disney chose to skim over some of these aspects of lion life in favour of fantasy.</p> <p>Although the story of <em>The Lion King</em> is ultimately positive, African lions are thought to have undergone a <a href="https://theconversation.com/dynasties-lions-may-disappear-without-urgent-funding-for-conservation-107116">50% decline</a> since the original film. The new <em>Lion King</em> gives us all an opportunity to be inspired by this magnificent cat and help its conservation in the wild.</p> <p><em>Written by Alexander Richard Braczkowski. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/its-sarabis-pride-mufasa-just-lives-there-a-biologist-on-the-lion-king-120660">The Conversation</a>.</em></p>

Movies

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How the royals will age: See what they will look like in 40 years

<p>The British royal family has been hit with the latest craze on social media known as FaceApp. The new app shows users what they'll look like as they get older, as the app ages skin, darkens teeth and lightens hair.</p> <p><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/gallery/what-meghan-markle-kate-middleton-18327910" target="_blank"><em>The Mirror</em></a> put select members of the British royal family through the app, including Duchess Meghan and Princess Eugenie.</p> <p>Many users of the app have suggested that they will age remarkably well, whereas others are unhappy with their results.</p> <p>The photos have quickly gone viral as Prince Harry and Prince William look like their grandfather Prince Philip in the photos. The royal siblings both sport deep-set wrinkles, larger ears and in Harry’s case, a white head of hair and a matching beard.</p> <p>Duchess Meghan, Prince Harry and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge look very different after using the app, but how accurate do you think they are?</p> <p>Fans were quick to compare them to other celebrities and members of the royal family.</p> <p>One Twitter user wrote: "Harry looks like John McEnroe and yes I'm serious :)."</p> <p>Another added: "Tindall looks like Uncle Albert?!!"</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery above to see what the royal family looks like using the filter.</p> <p><em>Photo credit: The Mirror  </em></p>

Technology

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Styling tips for over-60s – be confident in what you wear

<p>I’m not naturally rebellious, but as the years go by there are rules I find irritating to say the least; in particular I get annoyed about ‘rules’ on what I should or should not wear.</p> <p>At the age of 63, I figure I am only responsible to myself as to how I dress. Not that I plan hanging out on a nudist beach any time soon, but after years in the corporate world it is a relief to no longer wear a ‘uniform’ – actual or perceived.</p> <p>Coincidentally, as I now have the freedom to wear what I want, I have also taken a much stronger interest in my personal presentation. I understand the importance of self-image and take the time to get dressed and feel my best.</p> <p>I have a personal rule that I won’t go to the shops unless I am tidily dressed and have added a pop of lipstick. It was too easy in my early retirement to hang around all day in gardening clothes, but I quickly found that I felt bad when I did so.</p> <p>So, in figuring out what clothes work for me in my retirement (I prefer to call it re-wirement) I have learned a lot about what works for my body and my lifestyle. I have determined my personal style.</p> <p>I hang out in some online style groups, I share my ‘#everydaystyle’ (thanks to Nikki Parkinson of <a href="http://www.stylingyou.com.au/">Styling You</a> for that inspiration) on Instagram, and I dress to please myself. I know what makes me feel confident and what doesn’t. I know I like a balance of style and comfort. I know I like to be aware of the latest trends and colours, but not be a slave to them. And I know that a lot of the so-called style rules don’t work for me.</p> <p>I don’t own a crisp white button up shirt – I’m tall and a bit overweight with short hair – I look butch in that style.</p> <p>I do wear distressed skinny jeans – skinny jeans suit my shape and flatter my legs (one of my best assets). I like the distressed look as one of my nods to current trends.</p> <p>I do sometimes wear dresses and skirts above my knee, again because my legs are good. I don’t wear super mini skirts like I did in my late teens and 20s but I won’t have anyone tell me I can’t. I don’t because I would spend all day tugging at the skirt. That’s the same reason I haven’t embraced the off-the-shoulder trend; I hate strapless bras and I don’t want to be fussing with a top that pops up (or heaven forbid, down!).</p> <p>I rarely wear high heels because I get a sore back and ankles when I do, but I do like an ankle boot with a low heel and I am a great fan of kicks. I can stay current without breaking my neck and those styles suit my lifestyle.</p> <p>I know that my wardrobe needs to be travel friendly because we travel domestically a lot and internationally when we can. That dictates the fabrics that I select – I love natural fibres but silk isn’t practical for me.</p> <p>Unlike my legs, my arms aren’t in great shape, so I don’t often wear a sleeveless dress or top. But that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t – I see plenty of women older than me with great muscle definition rocking sleeveless tops.</p> <p>So, I only have one ‘rule’ to share with you. Know what suits you, what you can afford and what makes you feel your best. Wear that!</p> <p><em>Written by Jan Wild. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://www.wyza.com.au/articles/lifestyle/in-praise-of/in-praise-of-personal-style.aspx"><em>Wyza.com.au.</em></a></p>

Art