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Being left-handed doesn’t mean you are right-brained — so what does it mean?

<p>There have been plenty of claims about what being left-handed means, and whether it changes the type of person someone is – but the truth is something of an enigma. Myths about handedness appear year after year, but researchers have yet to uncover all of what it means to be left-handed.</p> <p>So why are people left-handed? The truth is we don’t fully know that either. What we do know is that only <a href="https://www.livescience.com/19968-study-reveals-lefties-rare.html">around 10% of people</a> across the world are left-handed – but this isn’t split equally between the sexes. About 12% of men are left-handed but <a href="https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2008-11487-004?doi=1">only about 8% of women</a>. Some people get very excited about the 90:10 split and wonder why we aren’t all right-handed.</p> <p>But the interesting question is, why isn’t our handedness based on chance? Why isn’t it a 50:50 split? It is not due to handwriting direction, as left-handedness would be dominant in countries where their languages are written right to left, which it is not the case. Even the genetics are odd – only about <a href="https://theconversation.com/how-childrens-brains-develop-to-make-them-right-or-left-handed-55272">25% of children</a> who have <a href="https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1993-98645-005">two left-handed parents</a> will also be left-handed.</p> <p>Being left-handed has been linked with all sorts of bad things. Poor health and early death are often associated, for example – but neither are exactly true. The latter is explained by many people in older generations being <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/002839329390156T">forced to switch</a> and use their right hands. This makes it look like there are less left-handers at older ages. The former, despite being an appealing headline, <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2398212818820513">is just wrong</a>.</p> <p>Positive myths are also abound. People say that left-handers are more creative, as most of them use their “right brain”. This is perhaps one of the more persistent myths about handedness and the brain. But no matter how appealing (and perhaps to the disappointment of those lefties still waiting to wake up one day with the <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278262604000612">talents of Leonardo da Vinci</a>), the general idea that any of us use a “dominant brain side” that defines our personality and decision making <a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0071275">is also wrong</a>.</p> <p><strong>Brain lateralisation and handedness</strong></p> <p>It is true, however, that the brain’s <a href="https://courses.lumenlearning.com/waymaker-psychology/chapter/the-brain-and-spinal-cord/">right hemisphere controls the left side of the body</a>, and the left hemisphere the right side – and that the hemispheres do actually have specialities. For example, language is usually processed a little bit more within the left hemisphere, and recognition of faces a little bit more within the right hemisphere. This idea that each hemisphere is specialised for some skills is known as brain lateralisation. However, the halves do not work in isolation, as a thick band of nerve fibres – called the corpus callosum – connects the two sides.</p> <p>Interestingly, there are some known differences in these specialities between right-handers and left-handers. For example, it is often cited that around 95% of right-handers are “left hemisphere dominant”. This is not the same as the “left brain” claim above, it actually refers to <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09647049609525672">the early finding</a> that most right-handers depend more on the left hemisphere for speech and language. It was assumed that the opposite would be true for lefties. But this is not the case. In fact, <a href="https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01128/full">70% of left-handers</a> also process language more in the left hemisphere. Why this number is lower, rather than reversed, is as yet unknown.</p> <p>Researchers have found many other brain specialities, or “asymmetries” in addition to language. Many of these are specialised in the right hemisphere – in most right-handers at least – and include things such as face processing, spatial skills and perception of emotions. But these are understudied, perhaps because scientists have incorrectly assumed that they all depend on being in the hemisphere that isn’t dominant for language in each person.</p> <p>In fact, this assumption, plus the recognition that a small number of left-handers have unusual right hemisphere brain dominance for language, means left-handers are either ignored – or worse, actively avoided – <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nrn3679">in many studies of the brain</a>, because researchers assume that, as with language, all other asymmetries will be reduced.</p> <p>How some of these functions are lateralised (specialised) in the brain can actually influence how we perceive things and so can be studied using simple perception tests. For example, in my research group’s <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/1357650X.2019.1652308">recent study</a>, we presented pictures of faces that were constructed so that one half of the face shows one emotion, while the other half shows a different emotion, to a large number of right-handers and left-handers.</p> <p>Usually, people see the emotion shown on the left side of the face, and this is believed to reflect specialisation in the right hemisphere. This is linked to the fact that visual fields are processed in such a way there is a bias to the left side of space. This is thought to represent right hemisphere processing while a bias to the right side of space is thought to represent left hemisphere processing. We also presented different types of pictures and sounds, to examine several other specialisations.</p> <p>Our findings suggest that some types of specialisations, including processing of faces, do seem to follow the interesting pattern seen for language (that is, more of the left-handers seemed to have a preference for the emotion shown on the right side of the face). But in another task that looked at biases in what we pay attention to, we found no differences in the brain-processing patterns for right-handers and left-handers. This result suggests that while there are relationships between handedness and some of the brain’s specialisations, there aren’t for others.</p> <p>Left-handers are absolutely central to new experiments like this, but not just because they can help us understand what makes this minority different. Learning what makes left-handers different could also help us finally solve many of the long-standing neuropsychological mysteries of the brain.</p> <p><em>Written by Emma Karlsson. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/being-left-handed-doesnt-mean-you-are-right-brained-so-what-does-it-mean-121711"><em>The Conversation</em></a><em>.</em></p>

Body

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These travel tips are no longer true

<p>We all love an insider tip, but some of the classic tips for travellers no longer hold true.</p> <p><strong>1. Book a plane ticket far in advance to save money </strong></p> <p>This myth may have been true back in the ’60s, when flights were less common than they are today. Back then, the demand for a flight would naturally increase as the date approached, there being few other options. These days, a plethora of alternatives for the most popular routes means that demand is levelled out. According to recent studies, the best time to buy a domestic ticket is between six and seven weeks out.</p> <p><strong>2. The best hotel prices are on travel websites </strong></p> <p>Don’t overlook the benefits of going straight to the hotel to negotiate a good deal on a room. Many hotel chains offer rate guarantees and encourage customers to book directly. Hotels also frequently have discount or perk offers that third-party websites aren’t privy to. On top of this, hotels give the upgrades, not the booking agents.</p> <p><strong>3. Avoid street food When in Rome, do what the Romans do</strong></p> <p>If this means standing up at a cheap street stall, then follow the crowd. Don’t sit down at a restaurant and spend four times more, on the simple assumption that it’s the only safe option. Can you see what’s going on the kitchen?</p> <p><strong>4. Put your money in a money pouch or belt </strong></p> <p>This is the fastest way to stand out from locals – who will have their money in a wallet or purse. Only take what you need when you leave your hotel room and make sure to put your wallet in a front pocket.</p> <p><strong>5. Duty free is cheaper </strong></p> <p>This is only true if you’re buying products that are heavily taxed, such as cigarettes and alcohol. Avoid sunglasses and perfumes, as these usually have a much higher base price than what you’ll find outside the airport.</p> <p><em>This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/tips/travel-myths"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA87V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

Cruising

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They’re just like us! Cambridge family’s humble decision amid private jet furore

<p>Prince William and Duchess Kate have arrived in Scotland to visit the Queen at her Balmoral holiday home. </p> <p>However, it is not their decision to visit Her Majesty that has made headlines around the world - but instead their choice of transportation. </p> <p>The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge along with their three children, Prince George, 6, Princess Charlotte, 4, and Prince Louis, 16 months, travelled home with the flew budget airline<span> </span>FlyBe. </p> <p>The royal family was spotted landing at Aberdeen Airport from Norwich Airport, near their home of Anmer Hall on the Sandringham Estate - on a flight that would have cost them AU$139 (NZ: $147) per person on the flight. </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B1ehwQBHefl/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B1ehwQBHefl/" target="_blank">A post shared by Eugenia Garavani (@eugeniagaravani)</a> on Aug 22, 2019 at 11:52am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>The news comes amidst a scandal embroiling their family, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, who have copped a heap of criticism for reportedly flying by private jet to Nice, France to visit singer, Elton John. The flight alone is said to have costed approximately AU$36,000 (NZD$38,000). </p> <p>Media outlets and critical members of the public took turns lambasting the new royal parents for their four flights on private jets in two weeks, in the wake of Prince Harry’s recent climate change comments. </p> <p>The retaliation involved a number of high profile figures coming to the defense of the royal’s including Elton John, Ellen DeGeneres and Pink. </p> <p>John and a close friend both said Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan both flew private for security purposes - a claim which may not hold up to some considering the second and third-in-line-to-the-throne were photographed doing the opposite. </p> <p>However,<span> </span>ITV’s<span> </span>royal editor, Chris Ship suggests the photos of the Cambridge family just confirms all the more that the Duke and Duchess of Sussex made a wise decision. </p> <p>"The Royals are always at risk of having their privacy invaded by camera phones in the hands of other passengers," Ship wrote about the pictures taken by those on-board.</p> <p>"A smarter interpretation might be this: these images - which first found their way onto the Mail Online - support Harry and Meghan's decision to accept offers of private jets to protect the privacy they so crave when they're not on duty."</p>

International Travel

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Inspiring interview with family crippled by drought moves viewers

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Aussies all over Australia have banded together to support a hard-working NSW family struggling from the worst drought they have ever seen. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">On Sunday evening, a story sharing the Jerry family’s struggle warmed the hearts of viewers who came together to help the farmers who spiralled into debt. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Jerry’s run a sheep and cattling property near Coonabarabran in central NSW and have been dealing with unrelenting drought conditions. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Members who know the family told</span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The Sunday Project</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> the Jerry’s  were at breaking point, and a GoFundMe fundraiser page had been made to support them. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“These people are not rich - they are the salt of the earth hard working Aussies who will do anything to keep their animals from suffering, and it's costing them everything they have, and more,” a family friend said on the fundraising page.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The farmers fell into a crippling debt as they were forking out $15,000 a month to keep their stock alive and healthy. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“It’s been the hardest year we’ve had - financially and everything else,” said 80-year-old Coral Jetty in an interview. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Coral explained she had lived on the farm for over 50 years, and was only entitled to $3.60 per fortnight from the pension because the farm she owns is deemed asset rich. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">After Australians all over the country heard the heartbreaking story, they donated to the fundraising page - and raised a whopping $130,000 in just 15 minutes. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It took less than an hour for the campaign to reach more than $200,000. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">By Monday morning, the amount had jumped up to more than $275,600.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">On Friday, the page has received over $377,000 in support. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The organisers of the page took to social media to share their gratitude. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">I'd like to pass on our sincerest thanks to all of you who have supported us this evening. This response is overwhelming and such a huge relief,” a statement read.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Thanks doesn't convey the depth of our appreciation. As well as your amazing donations, we'll never forget the messages of support below - you've made us realise that we are not as alone, even in barest of paddocks. Thankyou.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Visit the </span><a href="https://www.gofundme.com/hungry-cobber"><span style="font-weight: 400;">GoFundMe page </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">to support the family.</span></p>

Retirement Life

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Are you a frequent flyer? Solar storm radiation can be harmful

<p>Space weather <a href="https://theconversation.com/solar-eruption-could-help-earth-prepare-for-technology-melt-down-18747">impacts</a> many modern-day technologies. But one of the most concerning – and least reported – space weather effects is the increased radiation exposure to passengers on commercial long-distance flights during so-called “<a href="http://www.spaceweather.com/glossary/srs.html">solar radiation storms</a>”.</p> <p>The NASA-funded Nowcast of Atmospheric Ionizing Radiation System (<a href="http://sol.spacenvironment.net/~nairas/">NAIRAS</a>) is the computer system tasked with providing a real-time data-driven climatology of the aviation radiation environment.</p> <p>Recently, a series of papers published in the journal [Space Weather] estimate that when NAIRAS was turned off during the US government shutdown last year – which went into effect just as a solar radiation storm began – <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013SW001015/abstract">500,000 people</a> received increased radiation doses.</p> <p>It has also been estimated that this event is likely to eventually result in four cancer-related deaths.</p> <p><strong>What is a solar radiation storm?</strong></p> <p>Disturbances on the surface of the sun are commonly the cause of geomagnetic disturbances here on Earth; such as power grid faults/failures and increased errors in GPS navigation and positioning.</p> <p>Associated with some of these solar disturbances is the ejection of extremely fast plasma into the solar wind that, when aimed directly towards the Earth, causes the onset of increased geomagnetic and ionospheric activity.</p> <p>The Earth-bound solar energetic particles ejected into the solar wind eventually penetrate into the Earth’s magnetosphere.</p> <p>When inside the magnetosphere, they orbit the planet across the Earth’s magnetic field lines until they are scattered by various complicated magnetospheric processes and interactions.</p> <p>Once scattered, these solar particles then travel down the magnetic field lines until they impact the Earth’s upper atmosphere, where they are effectively absorbed.</p> <p>The penetration depth of these particles primarily depends on their kinetic energy, which is governed by their mass and velocity.</p> <p>The less energetic particles are stopped by the Earth’s atmosphere typically between 100 and 400km altitude, causing the well-known <a href="http://spaceweathergallery.com/aurora_gallery.html">aurora</a> in the northern and southern high-latitude regions.</p> <p>The atmosphere increases in density exponentially as the particle falls. This normally prevents particles penetrating to lower altitudes where they are harmful to living organisms.</p> <p>The more energetic particles, called “solar energetic particles”, caused by these solar disturbances can <a href="http://www.dartmouth.edu/~barrel/index.html">penetrate</a> to below 10km, near of commercial flights.</p> <p>During such events, the danger posed by the increased radiation levels is easily averted by decreasing the cruising altitudes of the aircraft. Pilots can also divert their flight paths to areas less affected by the increased radiation levels (more equatorward latitudes).</p> <p><strong>Several chest X-rays worth of radiation</strong></p> <p>The aviation radiation monitoring performed in real-time by computer systems such as NAIRAS can effectively be used to issue such warnings to aircraft.</p> <p>This will help remove the threat posed to hundreds of thousands of people across the globe during such space weather events.</p> <p>The geomagnetic activity levels associated with the solar radiation storm that occurred during the US government shutdown were only minor (a minimum <a href="https://theconversation.com/solar-eruption-could-help-earth-prepare-for-technology-melt-down-18747">Dst</a> of -54nT).</p> <p>This means the technologies normally classified as being <a href="https://theconversation.com/divert-power-to-shields-the-solar-maximum-is-coming-11228">vulnerable</a> to extreme space weather events are not likely to have been significantly affected.</p> <p>The solar energetic particle levels observed by <a href="http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/goes/index.html">geostationary satellites</a> classifies this as an <a href="http://www.spaceweather.com/glossary/srs.html">S2</a>solar radiation storm. It lasted more than 24 hours, and took about four days to fully subside (see video below).</p> <p>Some controversy exists around the exact method used by the scientists of the first <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013SW001015/abstract">study</a>into this event. There has been doubt around the estimation of the number of eventual cancer fatalities related to this solar radiation storm.</p> <p>Even though the radiation levels air travellers were exposed to during this event are much higher than they might have been had an appropriate warning been issued, they were still comparatively low – on par with the dose that one would receive from a number of chest X-rays.</p> <p>Arguments put forward by some <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014SW001074/abstract">researchers</a> err on the side of caution. They indicate that some people who would be considered more vulnerable to increased radiation exposure (such as frequent flyers and unborn children) should have access to this radiation monitoring information.</p> <p>This would enable them to make educated decisions about appropriate air travel times in much the same way that non-urgent X-rays may be postponed during pregnancy.</p> <p><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014SW001061/abstract">Other researchers</a> have erred on the opposite side, with the view that the radiation doses during this event were too small to be considered a serious threat.</p> <p>Independent of whether or not this particular space weather event exposed air travellers to dangerous levels of radiation, these studies are in clear agreement that increasing radiation monitoring is a must in the future.</p> <p>This is especially important for the aviation industry, and the provision of such information must not be hindered by short-term political partisan interests.</p> <p><em>Written by Brett Carter. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/are-you-a-frequent-flyer-solar-storm-radiation-can-be-harmful-28775"><em>The Conversation</em></a><em>.</em></p>

Travel Tips

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“Dear tech”: IBM pens open letter to the tech industry

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">IBM is urging the tech sector to use technology for the good of humanity instead of its downfall in an open letter to the industry called “Dear Tech”.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">According to the firm, the world needs tech companies that can apply “smart technologies at scale with purpose and expertise — not just for some of us, but for all of us”. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As the global tech giant held its annual Think summit in Sydney, it showcased the mindboggling ways that artificial intelligence is being used to tackle the world’s biggest problems, according to </span><a href="https://thenewdaily.com.au/life/tech/2019/05/22/ibm-think-summit-2019/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The New Daily.</span></a></p> <div class="embed-responsive embed-responsive-16by9">  <iframe class="embed-responsive-item" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/gNF8ObJR6K8"></iframe></div> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Stefan Harrer says that healthcare is ideal for the use of artificial intelligence (AI).</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Ultimately we want to be able to use and develop technology to improve peoples’ lives,” Dr Harrer said.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“We want to build tech that can help improve the lives of people that suffer from a variety of diseases.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“That requires that we do cutting-edge research and develop the tech and think hard about how to translate it into trustworthy and impactful solutions.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">However, as AI becomes more commonplace, it’s more important than ever that there are strict ethics in place around it.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“It’s as important to pay enough attention to getting the ethical framework right around AI as it is the technology,” Dr Harrer said.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“This revolution will not look like the information revolution, it’s not move fast and break things.”</span></p>

Technology

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Airport security worker’s horrendous note to passenger goes viral

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">An airport security worker from New York, US, has been fired from her job after handing a passenger a cruel handwritten note that insulted his appearance. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The incident, which occurred in June, has since gone viral after passenger Neal Strassner obtained security footage from the bizarre moment a female security worker from Greater Rochester International Airport gave Mr Strassner a note after he passed through a metal detector. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Mr Strassner didn’t think much of the situation and he headed toward the gate. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">That’s when he said the woman yelled out, “You gonna open the note?”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Once he did, the woman burst out laughing. </span></p> <p><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/npIWjuk1KVA" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The note had a cruel message about the man’s appearance, which read “You Ugly!!!!” on a ripped piece of cardboard. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">After complaining to her supervisors, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) revealed the woman worked for a contractor. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The woman has since been let go from her position. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The video shared to Youtube has since had over 499k views. </span></p>

Legal

News

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But is it art? Terrifying “hand man” divides locals in Wellington

<p>Many New Zealanders were shocked when a five-metre-tall hand man appeared overnight via helicopter on the roof of the City Gallery Wellington.</p> <p>Despite the appearance, some aren’t fans of the nonchalant expression that appears on the face of the art piece.</p> <p>The odd piece was created by New Zealand-born but Melbourne-based artist Ronnie van Hout who modelled the 400kg “partial self-portrait” based off scans of his body.</p> <p>City Gallery Wellington couldn’t be more thrilled with its new resident, tweeting:</p> <p>“Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No – Qausi has landed!”</p> <p>“His work explores the freak, the outsider, the reject. It’s as if ‘the hand of the artist’ has developed a monstrous life of its own,” it reads.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en-gb"> <p dir="ltr">Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No—Quasi has landed! This morning, Ronnie van Hout’s Quasi was installed on our roof. Quasi is a joint project with Wellington Sculpture Trust, with support from Wellington City Council, Wellington Community Trust, and Richard Burrell. <a href="https://t.co/9MaHc9gB71">pic.twitter.com/9MaHc9gB71</a></p> — CityGalleryWgtn (@CityGalleryWgtn) <a href="https://twitter.com/CityGalleryWgtn/status/1163220028449263617?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">18 August 2019</a></blockquote> <p>The artwork has been secured at a $70,000 cost to the city, including transporting the hand across the country as well as weather-proofing the structure.</p> <p>Gallery chief curator Robert Leonard told<span> </span><em><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/115047061/ronnie-van-houts-quasi-art-installation-makes-a-new-home-in-wellington" target="_blank">Stuff NZ</a></em><span> </span>about Quasi.</p> <p>"Quasi suggests something that's fake, or wrong. But also it's a reference of Quasimodo, the hunchback, in <em>The Hunchback of Notre Dame</em>," Leonard said.</p> <p>"In Wellington, Quasi will be looking out over Civic Square where so many of the buildings have been closed ... and I think that will affect the way people interpret the sculpture.</p> <p>"It's really interesting how the work plays off its loathsomeness, its disfigurement, its hideousness and almost asks to be loved."</p> <p>Leonard is aware of the unusual nature of the statue and think this will play into people’s own fears and anxieties.</p> <p>"It drew such a bizarre range of interpretations when it was on display in Christchurch and that's really quite intrinsic to the meaning of the work, that people don't know how to interpret Quasimodo. They project their own fears and anxieties."</p> <p>The portrait was initially commissioned in 2016, and Wellington Sculpture Trust chairwoman Sue Elliot says he’s not going anywhere, at least not for the next four years.</p> <p>"Quasi is not a pretty work and that is part of what Ronnie was trying to achieve. It's very unusual, it's of a really large scale and will sit over the Square and be on the Wellington skyline.</p> <p>"I think people will be arrested by it."</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery to see more pictures of Quasi.</p> <p>Photo credits:<span> </span><em><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/115047061/ronnie-van-houts-quasi-art-installation-makes-a-new-home-in-wellington" target="_blank">Stuff NZ</a>, <a rel="noopener" href="https://twitter.com/CityGalleryWgtn/status/1163220028449263617/photo/1?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1163220028449263617&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fthenewdaily.com.au%2Fnews%2Fworld%2F2019%2F08%2F20%2Fthe-monstrous-hand-man-statue-terrifying-locals-in-wellington%2F" target="_blank">CityGalleryWellington</a>, <a rel="noopener" href="https://citygallery.org.nz/blog/the-persecuted-freak-and-the-outraged-torch-wielding-masses/" target="_blank">City Gallery NZ</a>, <a rel="noopener" href="https://twitter.com/zenpeacekeeper/status/1163680482573164544?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1163680482573164544&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fthenewdaily.com.au%2Fnews%2Fworld%2F2019%2F08%2F20%2Fthe-monstrous-hand-man-statue-terrifying-locals-in-wellington%2F" target="_blank">Marianne Elliot</a></em></p>

News

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The first look at the new David Bowie biopic is here

<p>A first look image of actor Johnny Flynn as David Bowie in the upcoming film <em>Stardust</em> has been revealed.</p> <p>36-year-old Flynn is set to star as the music icon in the movie, which is set in the early '70s and sees Bowie embarking on his first road trip to the US and creating his famed alter ego Ziggy Stardust.</p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px; display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" src="/media/7829872/stardustz.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/1e28eb46484541379e106c9e7471a5a2" /></p> <p>Bowie’s son Duncan Jones said the film does not have his family’s blessing. “If you want to see a biopic without his music or the family’s blessing, that’s up to the audience,” Jones wrote on a Twitter post.</p> <p>“I’m saying that as it stands, this movie won’t have any of dad’s music in it, and I can’t imagine that changing.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">Im not saying this movie is not happening. I honestly wouldn't know.<br />Im saying that as it stands, this movie won't have any of dads music in it, &amp; I can't imagine that changing. If you want to see a biopic without his music or the families blessing, thats up to the audience.</p> — Duncan Jones (@ManMadeMoon) <a href="https://twitter.com/ManMadeMoon/status/1091065215842570240?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 31, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>In response to the statement, the producers said the project is “not a biopic”, but “an origins story” and “a moment in time film”, likening it to <em>Control for Joy Division</em> and <em>Nowhere Boy</em> for John Lennon.</p> <p>“It is a moment in time film at a turning point in David’s life, and is not reliant on Bowie’s music,” the producers told the <a rel="noopener" href="https://ew.com/movies/2019/08/21/johnny-flynn-david-bowie-photo-stardust/" target="_blank"><em>Entertainment Weekly</em></a>.</p> <p>“The film was written as an ‘origins story’ about the beginning of David’s journey as he invented his Ziggy Stardust character, and focuses on the character study of the artist, as opposed to a hits driven ‘music’ biopic.”</p> <p>Producer Paul Van Carter confirmed that <em>Stardust</em> will not use any of Bowie’s songs. “We always knew that we weren’t going to.”</p> <p><em>Stardust</em> is directed by Gabriel Range (<em>I Am Slave</em>) and written by Christopher Bell (Netflix’s <em>The Last Czars</em>). Flynn will portray the English musician alongside Marc Maron (<em>GLOW</em>), who plays Bowie’s publicist Ron Oberman, and Jena Malone (<em>The Hunger Games</em>) who plays Bowie’s wife Angie.</p>

News

Travel

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A selfie-loving emu is quickly putting a small Queensland town on the map

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">A town in the Queensland Hinterland in Australia is quickly finding itself on the map after news got out about a fun-run’s local mascot: Fluffy the emu.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Fluffy has been turning up every Saturday to keep fun-run joggers company as they run through Nambour.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The emu is even ready to help organisers set up before the sun rises.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“We don’t get big numbers normally, but since Fluffy has been around our numbers have been increasing,” Parkrun organiser Melissa Taylor told </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">7 News</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Organisers said that Fluffy has been boosting numbers as people are flying from around the nation to get a photo with the emu.</span></p> <p><iframe src="https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2F7NEWSAdelaide%2Fvideos%2F2455662484494154%2F&amp;show_text=0&amp;width=560" width="560" height="315" style="border: none; overflow: hidden;" scrolling="no" frameborder="0" allowtransparency="true" allowfullscreen="true"></iframe></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">However, event organisers were worried last month as Fluffy and emu buddy Muffy might be forcibly relocated from the Nambour site due to a complaint. The complaint that was lodged to Queensland’s Parks and Wildlife Services.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">QPWS spoke to </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">7 News</span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> and said that at the time, there is no intention to remove the animals. Rangers would be monitoring the emus closely.</span></p>

Domestic Travel

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World’s best vineyards for 2019 revealed

<p><span>The world’s best vineyards have been revealed, and two New Zealand wineries make the top 20 list.</span></p> <p><span>In the inaugural World’s Best Vineyard Awards, nearly 500 sommeliers, wine experts and luxury travel correspondents cast their votes among 1,500 nominated wineries around the world. </span></p> <p><span>“Wine is a reflection of its individual surroundings, its terroir,” said the awards founder Andrew Reed. “It’s not just about the wine; it’s a total package.”</span></p> <p><span>Argentinian winery Zuccardi Valle de Uco was crowned as the 2019 winner in July. Located at the footsteps of the Andes Mountains, the World’s Best Vineyards Academy described the winery as “one of the most impressive on the planet”. The family-run business has been making wine since 1960s.</span></p> <p><span>South America dominated the list, with eight Chilean vineyards placing in the top 50 list. Europe also featured prominently with appearances from France, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Germany, Italy, England and Austria.</span></p> <p><span>From the land of the long white cloud, Rippon Vineyard in Wanaka emerged as the best in Australasia at number eight. Following closely was Craggy Range at number 11.</span></p> <p><span>Three South Australian wineries also made the cut. Adelaide Hills’ Penfold’s Magill Estate came in at number 13, while d’Arenberg in McLaren Vale and Seppeltsfield Barossa placed at number 29 and 47 respectively. </span></p> <p><span>Find the full Top 50 list <a href="https://www.worldsbestvineyards.com/top-50/">here</a>.</span></p>

International Travel

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15 of the world’s spookiest travel destinations

<div id="page1" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>From the haunted and the legendary to the downright creepy, these mysterious spots will chill you to the bone. Can you survive the night?</p> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page2" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-title"><strong>1. Sleepy Hollow, New York, USA</strong></div> <div class="slide-description"> <p>You know the legend: The Headless Horseman rides over the bridge near the Old Dutch Church, searching for his lost head. Washington Irving’s classic tale was based on a section of Tarrytown, New York, now actually renamed after the fictional Sleepy Hollow – and the town goes all out for the spooky Halloween season. Located in the Hudson Valley, it’s just over an hour by car from New York City. Visit the church’s burial ground to see the final resting places of the real-life people who inspired the story, and listen to the tale read aloud inside the church itself. Take a lantern tour after dark of Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, where Irving is buried. A visit to haunted “Horseman’s Hollow” will scare you out of your wits (Caution: It’s not for children). You might even run into the horseman himself!</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>2. Transylvania, Romania</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page3" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>This region of Romania takes visitors to that place between myth and reality where spooky beings like Dracula exist. Transylvania and its castles have dubious connections with Bram Stoker’s fictional vampire and the real-life prince who supposedly inspired him, Vlad the Impaler, but it sure looks the part. Bran Castle is popularly known as “Dracula’s Castle” because its appearance fits Stoker’s description; plus, it may have briefly housed Vlad as a prisoner. A stunning sight in itself, the castle hosts an annual Halloween party for those not afraid the legend will come to life. Other impressive castles linked with Vlad include Poenari Fortress and Corvin Castle.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>3. London, United Kingdom</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page4" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>With its eerie English mist and famous fog, this is one city where ghosts feel right at home. Take an evening Jack the Ripper tour through Whitechapel, visiting notable spots on the trail of the 19th century serial killer’s unsolved murders; then stop at The Ten Bells pub where his victims spent time before meeting their grisly fate. Nearby on the banks of the Thames, the imposing Tower of London witnessed many royal beheadings including Henry VIII’s wife Anne Boleyn, and spirits of the executed still walk the grounds. At Highgate Cemetery in northern London, phantoms of the departed – and even a vampire – have been seen wandering among the tombstones; steady your ghosthunting nerves at The Flask pub (also haunted) around the corner.<a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/true-stories-lifestyle/entertainment/these-5-chilling-real-ghost-stories-will-make-you-believe" target="_blank"></a></p> </div> </div> </div> <div data-fuse="21833175500"><strong>4. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA</strong></div> <div id="page5" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Called the most haunted city in America, New Orleans’ history is steeped in Voodoo, vampires and ghosts around every corner. It’s no wonder it’s been the setting for supernatural tales such as “Interview with the Vampire”,<span> </span><em>True Blood</em>, and<span> </span><em>American Horror Story</em>. Take a ghost tour to hear about the atrocities committed at the LaLaurie mansion. Visit the bars and pubs of the French Quarter, which all seem to be haunted. Check out a voodoo shop, and take a stroll through the “city of the dead” at St. Louis Cemetery No. 1, burial place of “voodoo queen” Marie Laveau.<a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/activities/fancy-night-haunted-house-heres-7-choose" target="_blank"></a></p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>5. La Isla de las Muñecas (Island of the Dolls), Mexico</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page6" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>You’re probably not going to book a vacation to this tropical isle, but if you happen to be visiting Mexico City and the UNESCO World Heritage site of Xochimilco, check out this creepy off-the-beaten-path destination. Legend has it that the Island of the Dolls is home to the spirit of a young girl who drowned offshore. A recluse who lived there believed collecting and displaying dolls, now filthy and missing body parts, would appease her spirit. Tragically, he also drowned – coincidence? Visitors have said the dolls move, blink their eyes, and even whisper. See for yourself if you dare.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>6. Salem, Massachusetts, USA</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page7" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Home to one of the most notorious events in American history, the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, this city just north of Boston now embraces its witchy past with the annual Haunted Happenings festival. Visit the Salem Witch Museum or the Jonathan Corwin “Witch House,” the only remaining structure with direct ties to the trials (Corwin was a judge). You can also tour the real “House of the Seven Gables”, the inspiration for Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Gothic tale. Hawthorne’s ancestor, John Hathorne, was also a witch trial judge; visit his grave in the Old Burial Point (Charter Street Cemetery). Remarkably, it was only in 2016 that historians verified the execution site of the alleged witches, where a memorial now stands. However, because it’s in a residential neighbourhood, it might be better to pay your respects at the memorial downtown. For the lighter side of the town’s past, check out the locations where<span> </span><em>Hocus Pocus</em><span> </span>was filmed.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page8" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-title"><strong>7. Dartmoor, Devon, England</strong></div> <div class="slide-description"> <p>This area in county Devon features eerie moors where mists have been known to come on suddenly and disorient those who dare wander the barren landscape. Dartmoor is also home to more than its fair share of ghost stories, witches and pixies. One of these inspired Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s classic Sherlock Holmes tale, “The Hound of the Baskervilles”, which featured a deadly canine spectre. Explore the spooky setting for yourself with a visit to Dartmoor National Park – you can even take a guided Hound of the Baskervilles tour to learn more about the supernatural history of the area.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>8. Mercado de Brujas, Lima, Peru</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page9" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Off the beaten path, the Mercado de Brujas, or Witch Market, within Lima’s non-witchy Gamarra Market, is definitely not a tourist attraction: It’s the real deal. The place sells everything a shaman would need for traditional Peruvian folk medicine: snake skins, dried llama fetuses, monkey skulls and a mixture of natural elements called hatun hampi. You can also sample a curative drink made from live frogs. (We don’t recommend drinking it!)<a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/10-forbidden-places-no-one-will-ever-be-allowed-visit" target="_blank"></a></p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>9. The Stanley Hotel, Estes Park, Colorado, USA</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page10" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>If “all work and no play make Jack a dull boy,” consider a vacation to this mysterious hotel. Horror master Stephen King himself was so freaked out by the place when he stayed in haunted room 217 that it inspired his classic, “The Shining”. “Wandering through its corridors, I thought that it seemed the perfect – maybe the archetypical – setting for a ghost story,” the author says on his website. “That night I dreamed of my three-year-old son running through the corridors, looking back over his shoulder, eyes wide, screaming.” Jerking out of bed, within a few minutes he had the idea for his novel. But it’s not just fiction: This Rocky Mountain hotel, which opened in 1909, has its own haunted past (listen for the sound of children playing or a tinkling piano), which visitors can explore during the Night Spirits Tour.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>10. Paris, France</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page11" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>The City of Light has some dark history. Visit the elaborately decorated Garnier Opera House, the real-life setting for “The Phantom of the Opera”. Although the Opera’s museum and library curator, Pierre Vidal, told<span> </span><em>The Telegraph</em>, “nobody has seen a ghost in the opera house,” you can play a Phantom-themed “immersive adventure” escape game there. If you’re looking for actual ghosts, keep an eye out for the Red Man in the Tuileries gardens. But for the spookiest Parisian experience, check out the Paris catacombs, hundreds of kilometres of underground passageways lined with the bones of six million souls.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>11. Winchester Mystery House, San Jose, California</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page12" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>The recent Helen Mirren thriller,<span> </span><em>Winchester</em>, told the story behind this real-life house – whether the supernatural part is true or not is up to you to decide. Tragedy befell rifle heiress Sarah Winchester when her infant daughter and husband died, which she believed to be retribution by all those who had perished by Winchester guns. Sarah began building the maze-like house in the 19th century – and never stopped until her death, creating staircases and doors that don’t lead anywhere, windows that look onto other rooms, and massive amounts of bedrooms so she could change up where she slept. Why do all this? Supposedly, she wanted to confuse the spirits that haunted her. Visit the house today for spooky candlelight tours.<a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/14-enchanting-places-look-straight-out-fairy-tale" target="_blank"></a></p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>12. Edinburgh, Scotland</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page13" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Edinburgh’s Old Town looks like something out of the Middle Ages – and spirits from that time still linger among the cobblestone lanes. Take a ghost tour along the Royal Mile, which heads up to the imposing Edinburgh Castle, home to phantoms including the headless drummer. One of the most haunted spots in the city is Mary King’s Close, a narrow street that was hit hard by the deadly Black Plague. It was walled off and is now underground, but you can visit it with the Real Mary King’s Close experience. Oh, and try not to disturb the poltergeist that haunts Greyfriars Kirkyard.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>13. Valley of the Kings, Egypt</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page14" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>See where the royalty of Egypt’s New Kingdom is buried – if you dare risk incurring the mummies’ curse of misfortune following those who enter. The legend seemed to come to life when King Tutankhamun’s tomb was opened in 1922 and several members of the expedition, including its financier Lord Carnarvon, died soon after. You can visit Tut’s tomb, along with others, but beware: Some are crowded, dark, and claustrophobic, so not for the faint of heart.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page15" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-title"><strong>14. Savannah, Georgia, USA</strong></div> <div class="slide-description"> <p>With a history of Civil War battles, yellow fever epidemics and even murder, ghosts abound every place you go in this Spanish moss-covered city. Spend an overnight in one of Savannah’s many haunted hotels, including The Hamilton-Turner Inn, which figured in the true crime book and movie “Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil”; The Marshall House, which served as a hospital during the Civil War and yellow fever outbreaks; and Kehoe House, where two of the original owners’ children allegedly died. You can also spot spirits when out for dinner or drinks at 17Hundred90 Inn and Restaurant, The Pirates’ House, and Moon River Brewing Company.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/"><strong>15. Sedlec Ossuary, Czech Republic</strong></div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="page16" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>A short day trip from Prague, one of the most haunted cities in the world, visitors will find this church decorated with…human bones. Yup, an ossuary is actually a depository for skeletal remains, and this place, also known as the “Bone Church,” doesn’t take that responsibility lightly. The current arrangement of bones was created in 1870, and includes bells, chalices, candelabras, crosses, a coat of arms and a massive chandelier, all made up of 60,000 human skeletons.</p> <p><em>Written by Tina Donvito. This article first appeared in </em><span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/destinations/15-of-the-worlds-spookiest-travel-destinations/" target="_blank"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.co.nz/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRN93V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></span></p> </div> </div> </div> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

International Travel

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Traveller shames fellow plane passenger for disgusting in-flight habit

<p>A passenger was grossed out after a man placed his bare feet on the in-flight entertainment screen, leaving dirty toe print marks on the wall.</p> <p>Taking to social media, American comedian Andy Richter posted images of the incident.</p> <p>He also provided an explanation as to how he managed to get him to stop.</p> <p>He wrote: “So I snitched this f***** out to the flight attendant, who told him to put them down.</p> <p>“Puts them back a few minutes later &amp; I asked him to put them down. ‘They’re your bare feet, man’.</p> <p>“He was shocked and put them down. When he just put them back up I decided f*** it, I’m tweeting.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet tw-align-center" data-lang="en-gb"> <p dir="ltr">So I snitched this fucker out to the flight attendant, who told him to put them down. Puts them back a few minutes later &amp; I asked him to put them down. “They’re your bare feet, man.” He was shocked &amp; put them down. When he just put them back up I decided fuck it, I’m tweeting <a href="https://t.co/EeeHCPUFwe">pic.twitter.com/EeeHCPUFwe</a></p> — Andy Richter (@AndyRichter) <a href="https://twitter.com/AndyRichter/status/1163254074650824704?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">19 August 2019</a></blockquote> <p>“We had to get off the plane because of lightning and there were dirty toe smudges where his feet were.</p> <p>“I’m not exaggerating. You could see the outline of his big toe, etc.”</p> <p>Andy then said: “The flight attendant came back right before we got off and asked him to take them down again.</p> <p>“Guy did and asked, ‘Is that like a just-when-taxiing thing?’</p> <p>“Attendant: ‘No, it’s a basic aeroplane courtesy thing’. Guy seemed surprised to hear that.”</p> <p>He also said: “And everyone around him was grossed out and appreciative that I said something but didn’t want to join in. ‘People are crazy. You never know’, one lady said.”</p> <p>Everyone seemed to take Andy’s side, as the responses were quite one sided, with one Twitter user saying: “What is wrong with people?? News flash: no one should put their bare feet up in the shared space of an aeroplane, or God forbid, on someone else’s armrest.”</p> <p>Another person said: “So glad we rarely fly. People are so disgusting.”</p>

International Travel

Health

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The advice people wish they received at every age

<p><span>Growing old can be daunting, no matter what age you are approaching. While you may not be able to tell your younger self what you know now, you can gain the benefit of hindsight from those who have experienced more years. </span></p> <p><span>A website named <a href="https://heyfromthefuture.com/">Hey, From the Future</a> has made it possible for you to read and give advice for people of every age. </span></p> <p><span>The website’s creator, Ryder Damen said he created the website on his birthday after sitting on the idea for about a year. “Hey From The Future is an advice sharing website that allowed users to submit anonymous advice they wish they had at a particular age,” Damen said.</span></p> <p><span>“I wanted a platform that allowed people to share advice they wish they had at younger ages … turning another year older gave me the kick in the butt to sit down for a few days, code up an MVP, deploy it, and launch.”</span></p> <p><strong><span>Here are some of our favourite advice for over-60s</span></strong></p> <p><span>“Hey 60 year old, save for your future retirement even if at first it isn’t very much. When you are young retirement doesn’t seem important but before you know it you are 60!”</span></p> <p><span>“Hey 66 year old, it’s not too late to make new friends. Volunteer, take a class, walk a dog … you’ll meet new people. Be friendly, and be a friend whenever you have a chance. You’ll soon find you have new ones.”</span></p> <p><span>“Hey 71 year old, If you’ve not already, review your ‘self-satisfaction’ quotient. At this point in life, you should be ready to accept all kinds of attitudes and characteristics about yourself that may have irritated or mystified you for years. Be at peace.”</span></p> <p><span>What piece of wisdom would you add on to the list?</span></p>

Mind

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Bird or bunny? This video sends the Internet down the rabbit hole

<p>Is it a bird or a bunny? A new optical illusion has hit the Internet and had people debating.</p> <p>It began when Daniel Quintana, a researcher in biological psychiatry at the University of Oslo in Norway, posted a video showing an animal being stroked.</p> <p>“Rabbits love getting stroked on their nose,” Quintana wrote in the caption. However, when looked at another way, the ‘snout’ of the supposed rabbit resembled a bird’s neck, and the ‘ears’ open beak.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">Rabbits love getting stroked on their nose <a href="https://t.co/aYOZGAY6kP">pic.twitter.com/aYOZGAY6kP</a></p> — Dan Quintana 🐰 (@dsquintana) <a href="https://twitter.com/dsquintana/status/1163083819605475328?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 18, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>The video left many in confusion as to what the creature really is.</p> <p>“Fam I can’t be the only one that sees a bird and a bunny,” one commented.</p> <p>“I see a raven. Anyone else?” another wrote.</p> <p>“I sat here for ages seeing someone petting a crow with its beak open to the air, and thinking “rabbits??”” one added.</p> <p>Many said the video resurrected the old rabbit-duck dilemma.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">The optical illusion came to life, it's official, someone has a magic pen!!! <a href="https://t.co/EDX84LTzT8">pic.twitter.com/EDX84LTzT8</a></p> — Keisha Renee (@Broadwaybandit5) <a href="https://twitter.com/Broadwaybandit5/status/1163627346726989830?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 20, 2019</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr"><a href="https://t.co/IeWEPVE5bW">pic.twitter.com/IeWEPVE5bW</a></p> — ShadowSpade (@ShadowSpadeXIV) <a href="https://twitter.com/ShadowSpadeXIV/status/1163587468190294016?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 19, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>Some people commented with pictures and videos of their own ‘rabbits’.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">My rabbit loves too. <a href="https://t.co/EDkcHT50eu">pic.twitter.com/EDkcHT50eu</a></p> — Cécile B (@cecile__b) <a href="https://twitter.com/cecile__b/status/1163547154083979264?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 19, 2019</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">Here's my rabbit <a href="https://t.co/KuSGNOAAQR">pic.twitter.com/KuSGNOAAQR</a></p> — Stan O'Connor (@TourguideStan) <a href="https://twitter.com/TourguideStan/status/1163124718343458817?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 18, 2019</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr">This is my pet lizard <a href="https://t.co/XX9Zdszemt">pic.twitter.com/XX9Zdszemt</a></p> — Ⓥ (@hanavmay) <a href="https://twitter.com/hanavmay/status/1163944701063360512?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 20, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>According to <em><a href="https://edition.cnn.com/2019/08/21/us/bird-rabbit-tweet-trnd/index.html">CNN</a></em>, the animal in question is in fact a bird – specifically, <span>an African white-necked Raven named <a href="https://www.instagram.com/p/BUNV918B2va/">Mischief</a></span>. He is 18 years old and based in the World Bird Sanctuary in Valley Park, Missouri.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/ByN5Sj-FEyC/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/ByN5Sj-FEyC/" target="_blank">Mischief says, “Hi!” Corvids are excellent mimickers, and this is one of Mischief’s favorite vocalizations. Contrary to popular belief, a corvid does not have to have its tongue split to be able to mimic like this. It is a natural behavior. #worldbirdsanctuary #whiteneckedraven #mischieftheraven</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/worldbirdsanctuary/" target="_blank"> World Bird Sanctuary</a> (@worldbirdsanctuary) on Jun 2, 2019 at 11:18am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Paige Davis, curator of bird training at the sanctuary told <em>CNN </em>that Mischief is “a very talented bird”, with abilities to fly, paint, talk and more. “He even recycles cans and bottles, showing that recycling is so easy, a bird can do it,” Davis said. “His talents are endless.”</p>

Mind

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Why you need to worry about hand sanitiser

<p><strong>How safe are hand sanitisers?</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">You’ve heard the advice since you were young – wash your hands to avoid getting sick. And now hand sanitiser has swooped in as a way to keep our hands clean, even when we’re on the go. It comes in appealing scents, fun squeeze bottles, and it’s often marketed toward kids. But is hand sanitiser safe to use? Here’s what you need to know.</span></p> <p><strong>Are all hand sanitisers the same?</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Many people might not know that not all hand sanitisers are created equal. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), it’s important to use a hand sanitiser that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. This type of sanitiser not only is more effective at killing germs, but non-alcohol based sanitisers can actually be harmful and can cause germs to develop resistance to sanitising.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It’s especially important to avoid hand sanitisers that contain triclosan, a synthetic ingredient added to many antibacterial products. The FDA warns that “high doses of triclosan is associated with a decrease in the levels of some thyroid hormones [and may contribute to] making bacteria resistant to antibiotics.”</span></p> <p><strong>Does hand sanitiser prevent illness?</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Hand sanitiser can’t rid your hands of bacteria if you’re not using it correctly. Remember to use the proper amount of sanitiser, to rub it over all surfaces of your hands, and to let the product dry. Also, don’t wipe your hands or rinse them after applying. When used correctly, alcohol-based hand sanitisers kill at least 99.9 percent of viruses, fungi and bacteria. So after you touch that public stair railing or shopping cart handle, using hand sanitiser can help you avoid a cold or flu virus. But keep in mind, people often pick up a virus after inhaling droplets in the air, and unfortunately, hand sanitiser can’t help you with that.</span></p> <p><strong>Which is more effective – a hand sanitiser or soap and water?</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Although that tingling feeling of a hand sanitiser may feel like the best and most effective way to cleanse your hands, the reality is, nothing beats plain old soap and water. The CDC says the best way to prevent the spread of infections and decrease the risk of getting sick is to regularly wash your hands, whenever possible. Try to only use hand sanitiser if soap and water are not accessible, like when you’re in the car, when you’re shopping or at a movie or concert. Also remember that hand sanitisers should not be used after handling chemicals or when hands are visibly dirty, in those cases use soap and water.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Written by Erica Young. This article first appeared in </span><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/healthsmart/tips/why-you-need-to-worry-about-hand-sanitiser?slide=all"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Reader’s Digest</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, here’s our best subscription offer.</span></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

Caring

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Will eating chicken reduce your risk of breast cancer?

<p>You might have seen <a href="https://www.survivornet.com/articles/new-study-links-red-meat-to-increased-breast-cancer-risk-but-poultry-may-decrease-risk/">headlines</a> recently claiming eating chicken reduces a person’s risk of breast cancer.</p> <p>These reports were based on <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ijc.32547">a new study</a> published in the International Journal of Cancer this month which examined the links between breast cancer and consumption of red meat and poultry.</p> <p>It found women who ate chicken had a lower risk of developing breast cancer than those who ate red meat.</p> <p>As with all observational studies, this research cannot show cause and effect. The correlation between eating chicken and a lower risk of breast cancer may have more to do with consuming large quantities of red meat than it does with chicken having any protective qualities.</p> <p><strong>The study</strong></p> <p>Over almost eight years, researchers followed 42,000 women aged 35-74 involved in the <a href="https://sisterstudy.niehs.nih.gov/english/about.htm">Sister Study</a> in Puerto Rico and the United States. The Sister Study, funded by the US National Institutes of Health, is currently tracking a large cohort of women with view to better understanding the causes of breast cancer.</p> <p>Some 1,536 cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed among the cohort over the eight-year period. The researchers considered this alongside information on participants’ meat consumption habits, gathered through a series of standardised questionnaires.</p> <p>An analysis of the women’s diets showed those who consumed the most red meat (beef, veal, pork, lamb, game meats) had a 23% higher risk of being diagnosed with invasive breast cancer than those who consumed small amounts.</p> <p>By contrast, the women who consumed the most poultry (lean chicken, turkey, duck, goose, quail and pheasant) had a 15% lower risk than those who consumed the least poultry.</p> <p>The effects were particularly striking in post-menopausal women.</p> <p>Notably, neither the red meat group nor the poultry group necessarily ate only one or the other. So it’s likely women eating a lot of poultry were eating less red meat, while women who ate less poultry included more red meat in their diets.</p> <p>The researchers predicted breast cancer risk would be reduced even further if the women who ate a large amount of red meat switched to poultry.</p> <p>They accounted for many confounding factors including obesity, age, income, education level, total energy intake, percentage of energy from fat, consumption of vegetables, fruit and dairy products, how long the women breast-fed their infants and their use of hormone therapy.</p> <p>Even considering all these factors, there was still a significant relationship between invasive breast cancer and a high consumption of red meat.</p> <p><strong>Limitations</strong></p> <p>The Sister Study involves women with no previous diagnosis of breast cancer themselves, but all have sisters who have had breast cancer. Since some cases of breast cancer have a <a href="https://www.bcna.org.au/understanding-breast-cancer/breast-cancer-in-the-family/?gclid=CjwKCAjwkenqBRBgEiwA-bZVtoSj54mYgg7qaJsjzWHVby2Te1umMzPB_ezPQWvH6QlAqNoGWSM68xoCpJMQAvD_BwE">genetic component</a>, we should remember this group may have greater susceptibility to breast cancer than the general population.</p> <p>Unfortunately, the study did not identify any women who avoided all meat, so it doesn’t tell us if a vegetarian diet would have further reduced the risk of breast cancer.</p> <p><strong>Red meat and cancer</strong></p> <p>Previous studies looking at red meat and breast cancer have reported conflicting results.</p> <p>One large <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29274927">British report</a> found a small increase in breast cancer with processed meat, but not fresh red meat.</p> <p>Another major <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ijc.31848">review</a> confirmed the processed meat results and found only a very small increase in breast cancer related to fresh red meat.</p> <p>Other studies have looked at poultry consumption and breast cancer. None have found significant correlations with breast or other cancers. <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821634/">Several</a> have found inverse relationships similar to those seen in this study.</p> <p>Red meat has more definite links with the risk of certain cancers. The World Cancer Research Foundation recommends limiting red meat (beef, lamb, pork, goat) to <a href="https://www.wcrf.org/dietandcancer/colorectal-cancer">reduce the risk</a> of colorectal cancer. At this stage, it has not extended this advice to <a href="https://www.wcrf.org/dietandcancer/breast-cancer">breast cancer</a>.</p> <p>Health concerns about red meat intake also lie in its links to <a href="https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/healthy-eating/eat-smart/nutrition-basics/aha-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations">heart disease</a>, which are supported by <a href="https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/eating-red-meat-daily-triples-heart-disease-related-chemical">research evidence</a>.</p> <p><strong>It’s about quantity</strong></p> <p>It is useful to look at the quantity of meat consumed by those with the lowest incidence of breast cancer in this study. It was small – no more than 340g of red meat a week, or equivalent to about two average-sized red meat portions a week.</p> <p>By contrast, the highest incidence of breast cancer occurred in those with a weekly consumption of 775g or more.</p> <p>The greatest benefit, according to the researchers’ modelling, appeared in women who substituted lean poultry for red meat.</p> <p>Adding a small amount of red meat to a plant-based diet is unlikely to cause health problems. In modest quantities, red meat can actually make a valuable nutritional contribution, adding iron, protein and vitamin B12.</p> <p>But problems with red meat relate to the quantity consumed – more is not better.</p> <p>Sustainability concerns around the methods of red meat production also relate to the quantities consumed. Earlier this year, the <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)31788-4/fulltext#%20">Eat-Lancet Commission’s healthy reference diet</a>for sustainable food systems recommended a 50% reduction in global consumption of red meat.</p> <p>So while this new research doesn’t provide enough evidence to suggest eating chicken is protective against breast cancer, women who currently consume a lot of red meat may find it useful to know poultry is an acceptable alternative.</p> <p><strong>Blind peer review</strong></p> <p>The analysis presents a fair, balanced and accurate assessment of the study. In this study, the researchers looked at the impact of consumption of different types of red meat and white meat, and the way the meats were cooked, on the rates of breast cancer.</p> <p>The researchers showed red meat consumption (which in this study included beef, lamb, veal, pork and game meat) increased the risk of invasive breast cancer, while consuming poultry (including chicken, turkey, ducks, goose, quail, pheasant/game birds) reduced the risk of invasive breast cancer. There was no association shown between the way the meat was cooked and breast cancer risk. – Evangeline Mantzioris</p> <p><em>Written by Rosemary Stanton. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/will-eating-chicken-reduce-your-risk-of-breast-cancer-121628"><em>The Conversation</em></a><em>.</em></p>

Body

Lifestyle

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Why some couples split early after marrying

<p><span>Long before Meghan Markle tied the knot with Prince Harry and became the Duchess of Sussex, she was married to film director Trevor Engelson. Their marriage lasted less than two years, with the couple divorcing in August 2013. </span></p> <p><span>The couple is just one of the many who split early after marrying – Nicolas Cage and Lisa Marie Presley, Kid Rock and Pamela Anderson, Cher and Greg Allman all ended their marriages within months or even days. </span></p> <p><span>Many may be wondering why unions crumble so quickly after taking vows, but a popular wisdom may explain the phenomenon – “the first year of marriage is the hardest”.</span></p> <p><span>According to the 2012 <a href="http://www.australianunity.com.au/health-insurance/sitecore/content/about-us/home/news-and-views/news-folder/first-year-of-marriage-unhappiest">Australian Unity Wellbeing Index</a>, people who had been married for less than a year reported lower levels of wellbeing than people in any other year of marriage. While married people were doing better in terms of well being than those who were single, divorced, separated or widowed, the first year of marriage was found to be the unhappiest. </span></p> <p><span>“One might be tempted to think newly-married couples are blissfully happy and over the years that feeling will gradually abate as they settle into a long life together, but this turns out not to be the case,” said the report’s lead author Dr Melissa Weinberg of Deakin University’s Australian Centre on Quality of Life.</span></p> <p><span>“Big changes occur in the first year of married life, and not all of them are comfortable for newlyweds … it boils down to what I call a wedding hangover, couples building up to the wedding day as the best day of their life, and then finding reality biting as they tote up their wedding bills and get back to work after the honeymoon.”</span></p> <p><span>Relationship therapist Aimee Hartstein said apart from dealing with an “anti-climax post wedding”, newly married couples also need to cope with the pressure of the commitment. “It’s simply different from cohabitation,” Hartstein told <a href="https://www.brides.com/story/the-first-year-of-marriage-is-tough"><em>Brides</em></a>. </span></p> <p><span>“Even though they look like the same thing, with cohabitation there’s always a relatively easy out. With marriage, you have signed a binding contract. You are in a permanent union and the stakes just feel higher. Every fight or disappointment within the marriage may feel more significant and more loaded because this is it.”</span></p> <p><span>Psychologist and relationship expert Sabina Read said couples need to investigate what’s behind their decision to get hitched. “I think some people do have a fantasy that marriage will shift the challenges, and something will change magically because we have made a formal commitment to each other,” Read told the <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/life-and-relationships/it-is-confusing-when-a-couple-splits-very-early-after-marrying-20190813-p52gol.html"><em>Sydney Morning Herald</em></a>. </span></p> <p><span>“The fantasy of marriage is still quite strong. But things don’t change because we exchange vows.”</span></p> <p><span>However, Weinberg said couples who manage to survive their first year of marriage are more likely to have higher life satisfaction. “The message for newly married couples is to persevere through that first frantic year, and reap the rewards later.”</span></p>

Relationships

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Royal heartache: Why the Queen felt “great sadness” over grandson Prince William

<p>There is no doubt the Queen and her grandson - as well as heir to the throne - Prince William would share a particularly special bond. </p> <p>The British monarch has been training the royal for his position to one day take the crown since he was just a teenager. </p> <p>However, the two were not always so close. </p> <p>Royal Biographer Ingrid Seward wrote about their complex relationship in her book<span> </span><em>My Husband and I: The Inside Story of 70 Years of the Royal Marriage.</em></p> <p>The 37-year-old is next in line to the throne after his father, Prince Charles and has been aware of his impending responsibilities since he was just 13-years-old. </p> <p>It was around this time when the breakdown of Prince Charles’ and Princess Diana’s marriage began. </p> <p>The couple would divorce in 1996 and not long after that, Princess Di’s explosive interview with BBC’s<span> </span><em>Panorama<span> </span></em>program which shared the inner details of the Royal family would air. </p> <p>In this documentary, the mother-to-two would admit she struggled to fit into the famous family. </p> <p>She was also asked if she thought Prince Charles would ever be kind to which she said:"I don't think any of us know the answer to that.</p> <p>"And obviously it's a question that's in everybody's head. But who knows, who knows what fate will produce, who knows what circumstances will provoke?"</p> <p>The royal went on to add: "There was always conflict on that subject with him when we discussed it, and I understood that conflict, because it's a very demanding role, being Prince of Wales, but it's an equally more demanding role being King.</p> <p>"And being Prince of Wales produces more freedom now, and being King would be a little bit more suffocating.</p> <p>"And because I know the character I would think that the top job, as I call it, would bring enormous limitations to him, and I don't know whether he could adapt to that."</p> <p>Princess Diana was later asked if the title of King should go directly to their eldest son, Prince William. </p> <p>"Well, then you have to see that William's very young at the moment, so do you want a burden like that to be put on his shoulders at such an age?” she said. </p> <p>“...I can't answer that question."</p> <p>Seward said the interview created fairs within the royal household that perhaps Princess Di was not giving her son the proper guidance and leadership to one day be King. </p> <p>"The one person who could help, who had to help, was the Queen," she wrote in the book. "She knew only too well what pressures William was facing. She told her advisers she feared he might crack up like his mother had."</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B1YO2QMHXVv/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B1YO2QMHXVv/" target="_blank">A post shared by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (@hermajestyqueenelizabethii_fan)</a> on Aug 20, 2019 at 1:11am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>The Royal autobiographer said this is when the Queen began to have lunches with her grandson. </p> <p>"They talked in a way they never could have done before. One of her great sadnesses was that, until the separation, she had hardly seen him.”</p> <p>“Now, at last, she was able to do so on a regular basis and form a proper relationship.”</p> <p>"In this quiet intimacy, the Queen was able to impress upon William that the institution of the monarchy was something to be upheld and respected, and worth preserving."</p> <p>Queen Elizabeth has also made sure Catherine, the Duchess of Cambridge has had training for eventual role as Queen Consort. </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B1YF-zhIyGO/" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B1YF-zhIyGO/" target="_blank">A post shared by William&amp;Catherine (@familyofwilliamandcatherine)</a> on Aug 19, 2019 at 11:54pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Her Majesty did not have the proper training when she ascended the British throne. </p> <p>During her grandfather’s throne, a younger Princess Elizabeth was third in line behind her Uncle Edward, and her father. </p> <p>Due to this, she was not expected to be the Queen. </p> <p>However, once her grandfather passed away in 1936, her uncle succeeded to the throne but later abdicated so he could propose his divorced girlfriend, Wallis Simpson. </p> <p>Princess Elizabeth eventually became the Queen when her father passed away, at the tender age of 25. </p> <p>Scroll through the gallery above to see Queen Elizabeth and Prince William throughout the years. </p>

Relationships

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5 mysterious celebrity deaths that are still unexplained

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Though some of these deaths occurred decades ago, that hasn’t stopped conspiracy theorists from trying to sniff out the truth.</span></p> <p><strong>Marilyn Monroe</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The world was shaken on August 5, 1962, when Marilyn Monroe was found dead at the age of 36 in her home in Los Angeles. The cause? A barbiturate overdose that was ruled a ‘probable’ suicide. That lead many to doubt the gorgeous star, rumoured to have been involved in extramarital affairs with both John F. Kennedy and his brother, Robert F. Kennedy, had taken her own life. Instead, conspiracy theorists have long suspected Monroe was murdered (by being forced to take the drugs that killed her) to keep her from talking about the Kennedy brothers. The CIA continues to maintain files on Monroe’s death, and it is unlikely anyone will ever know what really happened.</span></p> <p><strong>Natalie Wood</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">On November 29, 1981, the actress and movie star Natalie Wood drowned while on a boating trip with her husband, Robert Wagner. Wagner had reported Wood missing after a night of drinking, and Wood’s body was found several hours later floating face-down in the water wearing a flannel nightgown, down jacket and socks. At first, Wood’s death was ruled accidental, but then bruises on her body led law enforcement to consider foul play, with Wagner, now 87, as the prime suspect. Natalie Wood’s sister and the yacht’s skipper appeared on the Dr. Phil show in 2018, where they claimed Wagner murdered the starlet. Adding fuel to the conspiracy fire: In 2012, the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department changed the cause of her death from “accidental drowning” to “drowning plus ‘undetermined factors,’” reports USA Today. Trouble is, the evidence is insufficient to support an arrest, and the mystery remains unsolved.</span></p> <p><strong>Thelma Todd</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">American actress Thelma Todd died in 1935 of carbon monoxide poisoning. Todd, 29, was found slumped over the steering wheel of her Lincoln. The engine wasn’t running, however, and Todd’s throat showed signs of trauma, as if something like a hose or a pipe had been forced into her mouth by an assailant. Suspects included her ex-husband, her current lover, and the gangster, Lucky Luciano. In the weeks prior to her death, she had received several notes demanding she pay $10,000 or be killed, reported the L.A. Times. The grand jury impanelled to investigate was unable to come to a conclusion, remaining hopelessly split between those who believed she’d been murdered and those who believed she’d died accidentally.</span></p> <p><strong>Tupac Shakur</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In 1996, hip-hop star Tupac Shakur died in Las Vegas several days after a drive-by shooting that occurred while Shakur was leaving a boxing event. “The story…begins with a failed attempt on his life two years earlier,” according to History.com, which Shakur blamed on producer Sean “Puff Daddy” Combs and rival rapper Christopher Wallace (“Notorious B.I.G.”). Wallace was murdered six months later in Los Angeles; no arrest has ever been made in either case.</span></p> <p><strong>Elizabeth Short</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The body of 22-year-old aspiring actress Elizabeth Short was discovered brutally murdered on January 15, 1947, in a vacant lot near Leimert Park in Los Angeles, her body cut in half, drained of blood, and cleaned of all evidence. The sole witness was of little help, claiming only to have seen a black sedan parked in the area. Despite many theories, allegations and leads over the years, the killer was never found. Today, the Black Dahlia murder (as the case came to be known) remains one of the oldest cold case files in L.A., as well as the city’s most famous.</span></p> <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Written byLauren Cahn. This article first appeared in </span><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/true-stories-lifestyle/history/13-mysterious-celebrity-deaths-that-are-still-unexplained?slide=all"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Reader’s Digest</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </span><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA87V"><span style="font-weight: 400;">here’s our best subscription offer.</span></a></em></p> <p><img style="width: 100px !important; height: 100px !important;" src="/media/7820640/1.png" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/f30947086c8e47b89cb076eb5bb9b3e2" /></p>

Retirement Life

Finance

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How to save money without pinching pennies

<p><span>Saving is necessary – yet the idea of limiting your spending can feel restrictive and stifling. Here are a few tricks you can try to make saving easier and more fun.</span></p> <p><strong><span>Look for a great deal</span></strong></p> <p><span>Whether you’re buying a new item or signing up for ongoing services – phone, internet, insurance, credit cards and more – it’s a good idea to browse through comparison sites to find the best rates. This could help you save hundreds or even thousands in the long run. Looking through discount sites or online reviews can also help you make your financial decisions. </span></p> <p><strong><span>Review your subscriptions</span></strong></p> <p><span>It’s easier than ever to subscribe to streaming services, online newspapers and mobile apps, but that also means there may be some spending that you leave unaccounted. Take a look at your accounts to see any active subscriptions and cancel the ones you no longer use.</span></p> <p><span>You can also take advantage of the family deals that these subscriptions often offer – if the people in your household all use the same services, consider getting a joint account to make the monthly bill a little lighter.</span></p> <p><strong><span>Go for pre-loved items</span></strong></p> <p><span>From clothing to appliances, shopping second hand or refurbished can be a great option. You can also use the same platform to sell your old belongings.</span></p> <p><strong><span>Consider home brands</span></strong></p> <p><span>Some staples such as toothpaste, tissue rolls, and soap will almost always be needed in a household. If you don’t feel tied to any particular brand, it’s time to make the economical switch and go for supermarket home brands. They generally have similar active ingredients and/or quality as the name brand products, but come at a fraction of the price. </span></p> <p><strong><span>Get app’d</span></strong></p> <p><span>Some mobile apps can help you put some money aside by taking spare change from everyday purchases into a savings or investment account. This type of apps usually charge fees, so read the fine print before you begin.</span></p> <p><strong><span>Visualise the goal</span></strong></p> <p><span>Once you set your savings goal, create a visual representation to see how far along you are in the journey. This will make your goal seem more tangible and help motivate you to stay on the course and accomplish the task. If you’re aiming to save $10,000 by the end of the year, you can draw a thermometer or graph to track your progress. Looking towards a specific objective, like saving up for a Hawaii holiday? Print out pictures of the places you want to visit and place them in your wallet or other spots you frequent as a reminder. This also helps shift your focus from the restrictions (“I can’t buy this because I have to be mindful!”) to the opportunities (“This will help me purchase a new car sooner!”).</span></p>

Retirement Income

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“Abhorrent”: Prince Andrew speaks out over Epstein scandal

<p>The Duke of York has broken his silence over the Jeffrey Epstein scandal. </p> <p>Prince Andrew, 59, says he is “appalled” by the recent reports of Epstein’s alleged crimes. </p> <p>The statement comes after footage emerged showing the Duke peering out from behind the door of Epstein’s multi-million dollar Manhattan mansion - footage filmed in December 2010. </p> <p>He is taped waving goodbye to a brunette woman and less than an hour later, Epstein is seen leaving his property with a blonde woman. </p> <p>Buckingham Palace has released a statement on behalf of the Duke, to<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/08/18/duke-york-appalled-epstein-sex-allegations/" target="_blank">The Telegraph</a><span> </span>saying he is dismayed by Epstein. </p> <p>"The Duke of York has been appalled by the recent reports of Jeffrey Epstein's alleged crimes.</p> <p>"His Royal Highness deplores the exploitation of any human being and the suggestion he would condone, participate in or encourage any such behaviour is abhorrent."</p> <p>The “damaging” footage was taken while the Duke was in New York while he was the UK’s Special Representative for Trade. </p> <p>He stayed with Epstein in his NY home, two years after the accused was convicted of child sex offences and put on the sex offender register. </p> <p>"The new footage is damaging in terms of the Duke of York's judgement,"<span> </span>The Telegraph's<span> </span>Camilla Tominey, told Today.</p> <p>"He was criticised at the time because photographs emerged of his visit to Jeffrey Epstein in 2010 and he explained to the press and public afterwards that he had made an error of judgement and that he should haven't met with the convicted paedophile.</p> <p>"It wasn't then known that he had stayed with Jeffrey Epstein so I think this footage is damaging to the Duke's reputation."</p> <p>Last week the Queen was pictured with her third eldest son, leaving church following Sunday mass at Crathie Kirk. </p> <p>He was staying at Balmoral Castle with Sarah Ferguson and their two daughters, Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. </p> <p>Since then, he and his family have left and are now in a private villa in Mallorca, Spain. </p> <p>"He was conspicuous by his absence this morning, not being in Scotland with his mother and other members of the royal family but out in Spain with reports suggesting the couple is trying to have a holiday with their daughters," Tominey said.</p> <p>"In fact, the Duke was contemplating playing a round of golf in a very famous course there."</p> <p>Buckingham Palace has vehemently denied any allegations made against the Duke - particularly Virginia Roberts, one of Epstein’s victims. </p> <p>"This relates to proceedings in the United States, to which the Duke of York is not a party. Any suggestion of impropriety with under-age minors is categorically untrue," a palace spokesperson said.</p> <p>"It is emphatically denied that the Duke of York had any form of sexual contact or relationship with Virginia Roberts. </p> <p>"Any claim to the contrary is false and without foundation."</p>

Legal

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8 foods you don’t need to refrigerate

<p>Do you know which foods don't need to be refrigerated? For many of us, the answer is a matter of what we grew up with or personal preference.</p> <p>But there are some hard and fast rules. </p> <p>Here are some foods you definitely shouldn't put in your fridge.</p> <p><strong>1. Tomatoes</strong></p> <p>Tomatoes are best left on the bench and not in your fridge because they're sensitive to ethylene – a gas that accelerates ripening. Keeping your tomatoes separate from ethylene-producing foods, such as bananas, apples, pears and oranges, will ensure they stay fresh for longer. <br /><br /><a href="https://choice.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=270103a13e38b9f6643b82a8e&amp;id=1fe3558b8d&amp;e=7f9260877c">Research</a> also shows that chilling tomatoes below 12°C limits their ability to generate substances that contribute to aroma and taste. In other words, they won't be as nice to eat. <br /><br />"Tomatoes lose flavour when placed in the fridge," says CHOICE's home economist Fiona Mair. "I always keep my tomatoes in my fruit bowl or on the window sill. <br /><br />"I like to buy a mixture of firm and slightly soft tomatoes so I have beautifully ripened tomatoes I can use across the week." </p> <p><strong>2. Coffee</strong></p> <p>Ground or whole-bean coffee should never be kept in the fridge, even if it's in an airtight container. Why? Because coffee works as a deodoriser and absorbs moisture, odours and flavours from the air around it, making your morning cuppa taste less like the nectar of the gods and more like a nasty flavouring of 'fridge'. Ew. <br /><br />Instead, keep your beans in an airtight container in a dark space such as your pantry, away from sunlight, heat, steam and moisture. For the best  flavour and freshness, buy your beans as fresh as possible and use them within 72 hours of roasting. <br /><br />If that's not possible, you can store your coffee beans in the freezer for up to a month, according to the US National Coffee Association. But do so in small portions because, once you've taken your beans out of the freezer, it's best not to put them back in again.</p> <p><strong>3. Uncut root vegetables </strong></p> <p>Root vegetables, such as potatoes, onions, sweet potato and garlic, thrive outside the fridge crisper. The high humidity in fridges can cause root vegetables to rot faster. It's also important that you don't store root vegetables together, as this can affect their flavour. <br /><br />"Keeping these types of food out of the refrigerator is generally to avoid moisture absorption that happens in the refrigerator, as this can cause foods to ferment and reduce the taste and quality," says Mair. "Best to find a cool dry dark spot in your kitchen." <br /><br />According to Aloysa Hourigan, accredited practising dietitian and nutritionist and media manager at <a href="https://choice.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=270103a13e38b9f6643b82a8e&amp;id=9db113104f&amp;e=7f9260877c">Nutrition Australia</a>, there are some exceptions to the rule, especially after the vegetables have been cut. <br /><br />"Onions are best stored out of the fridge until they're cut, then need to be covered or placed in a sealed container and kept in the fridge," she says. <br /><br />"Whole pumpkins can be stored out of the fridge for many weeks, but once cut, they need to be stored in the fridge." <br /><br /><br /><strong>4. Coconut oil</strong> <br />"Coconut oil is climate-dependant and will solidify at temperatures lower than 24°C, so it's best to keep it in a cool, dark place like the pantry," says Fiona. <br /><br />But she says as a general guide, nut and seed oils are best kept in the refrigerator, otherwise they're "more likely to oxidise and go rancid quickly." <br /><br />Whether or not you need to put a condiment in the fridge depends entirely on the type of sauce, oil or spread you have, how much preserving salt or sugar they contain, and whether it's been opened. <br /><br />"With bottled sauces, such as soy sauce, sweet chilli sauce, oyster sauce and curry pastes, it's always best to check the label to see if it says 'refrigerate after opening'," says Hourigan. <br /><br /><strong>5. Bread</strong></p> <p>Bread doesn't belong in the fridge – it'll go stale much faster than if you just keep it in the pantry. <br /><br />Instead, keep your bread in an airtight tin, bread box or, for hard-crusted bread, a brown paper bag. Avoid plastic too, as this encourages bread to go mouldy faster. <br /><br />Fresh bread will only last a few days before it naturally goes stale, but you can extend its life span by putting it in the freezer. Doing so slows down the natural process of retrogradation and recrystallisation, and stops it going stale.</p> <p><strong>6. Honey and peanut butter</strong></p> <p>Honey and nut spreads are all unique, so all need different types of storage. This is why it's important to always check the label for advice.</p> <p>Honey is unique - one of the few foods in the world that never spoils thanks to its one-of-a-kind chemical make-up. The reason honey doesn't go bad is because bacteria can't grow in it, so it's happy to sit at room temperature in your pantry, where it stays soft and easy to spread. When refrigerated, honey crystallises, but is still perfectly edible.</p> <p>Honey's durability is legendary. When archaeologists opened ancient Egyptian tombs, they found jars of honey from the days of the Pharaohs that were still good to eat.<br />As for peanut butter, it's fine in the pantry for three months or so after opening. But to extend its shelf life and avoid oil separation, you can also keep it in the fridge, though this will harden it and could make it a bit more difficult to spread.</p> <p><strong>7. Basil and parsley </strong></p> <p>Some herbs such as coriander and mint are best kept in the refrigerator crisper, wrapped loosely in absorbent paper and put in a sealed container. <br /><br />But basil and parsley will turn a nasty shade of yuk if you keep them in the crisper. <br /><br />"These herbs seem to do better out of the fridge," says Hourigan. "The dry air in the refrigerator causes the leaves to wilt easily." <br /><br />To store your basil and parsley, Mair says, cut the bottom of the stems, place them in a jar with a small amount of water, then leave the jar in a cool place. "You'll just need to change the water and cut the bottom of the stems every couple of days," she says. <br /><br /><strong>8. Warm leftovers</strong></p> <p>Putting hot food in the fridge can wreak havoc on its internal temperature, which may affect other food in the fridge as well. <br /><br />So, for the sake of freshness, leave your warm leftovers to fall to room temperature first.  </p> <p><em>Republished with permission of <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.choice.com.au/home-and-living/kitchen/fridges/articles/eight-foods-you-do-not-need-to-refrigerate" target="_blank">CHOICE</a>.</em></p>

Retirement Income

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The real way McDonald’s makes their money – it’s not their food

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This fast-food giant may serve billions and billions of customers, but the bulk of their profit isn’t made from food sales.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">McDonald’s sells a lot of food. Like, a lot of food. We’re talking enough food to serve more than 70 million people every day, with more than 75 burgers sold every second.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">That shouldn’t be too surprising, considering McDonald’s is one of the largest fast-food chains in the world. But their menu actually isn’t what generates the company’s multi-billion dollar profits. The real best-seller? Real estate.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">There are more than 36,000 McDonald’s locations worldwide, but only about five percent of them are company-owned. The rest are franchised out, meaning they’re run by individuals who McDonald’s has contracted to operate them. In those situations, the company only spends money on the real estate of that location. The franchisee is responsible for all the costs of running the restaurant while also paying McDonald’s for rent (which adds up to an average of 10.7 percent of their sales), a US$45,000 franchisee fee, and a monthly service fee equal to four percent of gross sales, </span><a href="https://www.businessinsider.com/what-it-costs-to-open-a-mcdonalds-2014-11"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Business Insider reports.</span></a> <span style="font-weight: 400;">With multiple means of collecting revenue at relatively minimal costs, it’s no wonder McDonald’s relies so heavily on franchises.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“We are not basically in the food business,” former McDonald’s CFO Harry J. Sonneborn reportedly told investors. “We are in the real estate business. The only reason we sell 15 cent hamburgers is because they are the greatest producer of revenue from which our tenants can pay us rent.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Being able to hand off the costs of running the restaurants is a primary key to McDonald’s success. According to Wall Street Survivor, in 2014, the company made US$27.4 billion in revenue, with US$9.2 billion coming from franchised locations and US$18.2bn from company-owned locations. But after you factor in the total costs of running those locations, McDonald’s kept only 16 percent of the revenue from locations it owned directly compared to the 82 percent of the franchise-generated revenue.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">So, while you may spend money at McDonald’s on a Big Mac and fries, McDonald’s is spending money on prime real estate – and they’re lovin’ it.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Written by Claire Nowak. This article first appeared in </span><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/money/real-way-mcdonalds-makes-their-money-its-not-their-food"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Reader’s Digest</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </span><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA87V"><span style="font-weight: 400;">here’s our best subscription offer.</span></a></p>

Legal

Entertainment

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Why are we seeing so many music documentaries lately?

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Music documentaries about famous singers and musicians are quickly becoming the norm. This is due to movie directors and actors bringing life and providing nostalgia to those who watched the musicians grow up. It also brings music to a new audience who is interested but might not have been born when the musicians were in their prime.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It appears that fans can no longer resist a peek into the backroom world that their favourite musicians inhabited.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">However, Gennaro Castaldo, of the record label trade association the British Phonographic Industry, isn’t surprised.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“A compelling synergy exists between movies and music,” he told </span><em><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/film/2019/jul/21/why-music-documentaries-are-all-over-our-screens-beyonce-bob-dylan"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Guardian</span></a></em><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“With a slew of highly anticipated music documentaries either out, or due for release soon, fans can get close to the icons they love, from Led Zeppelin and Leonard Cohen to Beyoncé and PJ Harvey, so we can expect another surge in sales and streams.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">He credits the success of Bohemian Rhapsody and Rocketman to the surge in sales and streams, despite claims that these films are fictionalised and not a realistic account of what the rock stars went through.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“The phenomenal success of recent biopics celebrating the work of Queen, Elton John and Abba underline just how fantastic a medium film is for music – culturally but also commercially in terms of the huge global reach it can provide at the cinema and then in the home,” said the BPI’s Castaldo. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Movies provide the perfect emotional context for a piece of music that help to enhance its power and to profoundly resonate with the audience.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“In the process, this can reawaken the public’s love of classic repertoire, or of a particular artist, and encourage the next generation of fans to discover music that is new to them.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">However, film critic Nick James says that a documentary that is strong on sentiment doesn’t always work.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“I prefer a documentary to a rock biopic anyday, but I’m wary of nostalgia,” James said. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Marianne &amp; Leonard</span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> is heartfelt and honest, but it’s still to a degree in thrall to the ‘sexual revolution’ whose utter destructiveness it chronicles. [Leonard] Cohen comes out of it badly, but we probably need to see those feet of clay.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Fans are responding with their wallets, and it’s looking like that’s the way that companies are going to go: fictionalised accounts of their favourite musicians instead of authentic and gritty stories about their imperfect heroes.</span></p>

Music

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New study discovers sleep texting is a reality for users

<p>Sleeping is a time for your body to rest, repair and reprogram itself before the next day. Although for some people it can also be a time to eat, talk, walk and – a new study has discovered – text.</p> <p>The research was published in the <span><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07448481.2018.1499655?journalCode=vach20&amp;"><em>Journal of American College Health</em></a></span>, where 372 students were surveyed at two separate universities in 2013 on their quality of sleep and mobile phone usage as they slept.</p> <p>Researchers asked questions such as “how many hours do you sleep a night?” and “where do you keep your phone?” amongst other things.</p> <p>The results were astounding.</p> <p>More than 25 per cent of people surveyed revealed they texted in their sleep. 72 per cent of those sleep texters had no recollection of having sent the text until they looked at their phone the next day.</p> <p>The people who reported sleep texting were more inclined to say they experienced interrupted sleep and said they kept their phone in bed with them at night.</p> <p>The survey also included an open-ended question where the students could discuss how they coped with sleep texting.</p> <p>One student reported she went to the extreme length of wearing mittens to bed to prevent herself from texting as “moving the phone from being in my bed to next to the bed is not an option, I have to keep my phone with me.”</p> <p>The sleep texters revealed that the quality of their texts are not entirely comprehensible and are often just a bunch of random words with no meaning.</p> <p>The lead author of the study, Elizabeth Dowdell, began the research after several of her undergraduate students spoke about their sleep texting habits.</p> <p>Most of the students who sleep text are female and most check their phones first thing in the morning to see if they had texted in their sleep.</p> <p>“The majority were unwilling to turn off their phone at night,” Dowdell revealed.</p> <p><strong>What is the cause of this strange new sleeping habit?</strong></p> <p>Board-certified sleep medicine researcher and neurologist W. Christopher Winter, MD, of <span><a href="http://www.cvilleneuroandsleep.com/">Charlottesville Neurology and Sleep Medicine</a></span> as well as author of the book <em>The Sleep Solution: Why Your Sleep is Broken and How To Fix It</em>, provided insight into the situation during an interview for <span><a href="https://au.lifestyle.yahoo.com/new-study-claims-sleep-texting-actually-thing-203042694.html">Yahoo Lifestyle</a></span>.</p> <p>“A small percentage of these people probably have a parasomnia, which is an abnormal wakening during deep sleep. But instead of walking or eating things they don’t remember, they’re texting.”</p> <p>Another explanation included the delayed formation of memories once awoken from a deep sleep, “we can have automatic behaviour,” explained Winter, “that’s why you can have a conversation with your partner in the middle of the night, not remember the first part, and wake up when you’re already into the conversation.”</p> <p>Drinking alcohol can also influence the likelihood of sleep texting, Winter adding, “alcohol can absolutely influence both behaviours and having that sort of amnesia for what you’re doing.”</p> <p><strong>How to prevent sleep texting</strong></p> <p>Winter recommended not sleeping with your mobile in your bed and instead keeping it “really out of your proximity.”</p> <p>If you are someone who likes to keep your phone in your room, Winter suggested placing it across the room where you sleep so if you want to answer a text in the middle of the night your body is forced to go through multiple movements that should wake you up.</p> <p>Winter also recommended keeping your phone on silent so it doesn’t wake you with noise, and even getting a phone lock that requires solving a math problem or replicating a pattern which will be hard to accomplish while asleep.</p> <p>“Who controls technology? We control it. We’re the ones who turn it on and we’re the ones who turn it off,” reinforced Dowdell.</p> <p>“If you can’t turn it off, consider putting some boundaries around it like sleep mode or program it so that only certain people can text through at night. Also, don’t sleep with your phone in bed."</p>

Technology

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Tarantino has a questionable record in the #MeToo context – so should we boycott his new film?

<p><em>This story contains spoilers for Once Upon a Time in Hollywood.</em></p> <p>While promoting Once Upon a Time in Hollywood at the Cannes Film Festival, filmmaker Quentin Tarantino was asked why Margot Robbie’s character – murdered actress Sharon Tate – was given so few lines. An “angry-looking Tarantino”, as reported the ABC, curtly replied: “<a href="https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-05-23/tarantino-snaps-at-reporter-over-question-about-margot-robbie/11141352">Well, I just reject your hypothesis</a>.”</p> <p>Tate’s implied lack of voice and Tarantino’s refusal to address the extreme violence against women in the film has renewed discussions about his representations and treatment of women on screen.</p> <p>The #MeToo movement and cancel culture have shifted the way we consume media. So what does this mean for Tarantino and his depictions of violence?</p> <p><strong>25 bloody years on the big screen</strong></p> <p>Tarantino found instant acclaim with his debut Reservoir Dogs in 1992. Two years later, Pulp Fiction solidified his cult status. Over his 25-year career, he has directed nine films spanning western to <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/jan/11/blaxploitation-shaft-foxy-brown-film">blaxploitation</a> to samurai. Across genres, his films are united by the protagonist’s quest for justice and bloody vengeance.</p> <p>Tarantino is notorious for his stylised and hyperreal violence: macabre, shocking, and comical. When Pulp Fiction first came out, I was a first-year undergraduate studying and making films. I revelled in Tarantino’s approach to storytelling and the film’s originality.</p> <p>Tarantino was the new King of Cool, and Pulp Fiction heralded a new era of filmmaking. Discussions about the violence mainly revolved around the subject of style and Tarantino’s brand of humour.</p> <p>25 years later I’m analysing Tarantino again. But now it’s in the context of one of the largest social activist movements in contemporary history.</p> <p><strong>Contemporary controversies</strong></p> <p>Tarantino has come under the #MeToo spotlight mainly because of his close partnership with Miramax and The Weinstein Company, both co-founded by Harvey Weinstein (currently facing multiple counts of rape and sexual assault), and the distributors of most of Tarantino’s films.</p> <p>The controversy, however, goes deeper than guilt by Weinstein-association: Tarantino has admitted being a knowing bystander. In <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/19/movies/tarantino-weinstein.html">a 2017 interview</a>, Tarantino said: “There was more to it than just the normal rumors, the normal gossip. It wasn’t secondhand. I knew [Weinstein] did a couple of these things.”</p> <p>Tarantino also faced allegations of misconduct by Uma Thurman, who rose to fame in Pulp Fiction and starred in Kill Bill: Volumes 1 &amp; 2.</p> <p>In 2018, Thurman <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/03/opinion/sunday/this-is-why-uma-thurman-is-angry.html">spoke about a car crash</a> during the filming of Kill Bill: Volume 1 which caused long-term neck and knee injuries. Despite airing her concerns about safety, Tarantino convinced her to perform the stunt.</p> <p>Tarantino has <a href="https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2018/02/quentin-tarantino-uma-thurman-regrets">since admitted</a> his wrongdoing.</p> <p>This is an example of the hypocrisy in Hollywood: Kill Bill was about female empowerment, but its star was being coerced by the director and pressured by the studio.</p> <p>Days after Thurman’s interview, an <a href="https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/news/quentin-tarantino-roman-polanski-rape-young-girl-sex-minor-uma-thurman-director-a8197811.html">audio recording</a> resurfaced from 2003 where Tarantino defended director Roman Polanski’s sexual abuse of a 13-year-old victim in 1977. Polanski was 43 at the time.</p> <p>Tarantino can be heard saying: “she was down with it. [ … ] I don’t believe it’s rape. I mean not at 13. Not – not for these 13-year-old party girls.”</p> <p>Alongside the era of #MeToo we have seen a rise in “<a href="https://oracle.newpaltz.edu/culture-critique-the-power-of-cancel-culture/">cancel culture</a>”, where questionable views and actions of influential figures are called out, and audiences are encouraged to withdraw support. Calls for “cancelling” Tarantino <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/film/2019/jul/23/cancel-quentin-tarantino-once-upon-a-time-in-hollywood">are growing</a>.</p> <p>He may be a groundbreaking filmmaker still breaking records at the box office – but is this enough for us to overlook his indiscretions?</p> <p><strong>What happens in the cinema, stays in the cinema?</strong></p> <p>Should we stop watching films connected with problematic individuals? What do we gain from cancelling the works of Tarantino, Polanski, <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/media/2018/may/13/ronan-farrow-interview-woody-allen-harvey-weinstein-me-too">Woody Allen</a> and <a href="https://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/2019/01/23/bohemian-rhapsody-director-bryan-singer-faces-new-sexual-abuse-allegations_a_23651119/">Bryan Singer</a> from our collective consciousness?</p> <p>Should judgement of a movie be separate to our judgement of the people who create them? Can we judge a movie separate to our judgement of the people who create them?</p> <p>During a screening of Once Upon a Time in Hollywood my mind drifted to these matters.</p> <p>I wondered if Tarantino still had the same admiration for Polanski as he did in 2003; whether he still holds those skewed ideas about rape.</p> <p>I was irritated that Emile Hirsch was cast as Jay Sebring - Tate’s close friend and former lover. Hirsch <a href="https://variety.com/2015/film/news/emile-hirsch-guilty-assault-15-days-jail-1201571705/">plead guilty</a> to assaulting a female studio executive in 2015.</p> <p>At a time when abusers are being publicly denounced on social media, did Tarantino have any reservations about this casting choice? Was it even an issue for him?</p> <p>Despite these questions, I could not suppress my laughter and gasps of gleeful shock at the spectacle of violence in the film’s climax.</p> <p>And it is violent. The most striking death is when one of the female members of the Manson Family is maimed in the face by a can of dog food, before being fried with a flamethrower.</p> <p>Over the course of the film, my thoughts continually wandered between the story on screen to the story off screen. Real world politics kept intruding into my viewing experience.</p> <p><strong>To boycott, or not to boycott</strong></p> <p>I left the cinema ruminating on the confusing range of emotions and responses I had, ready to unpack how the baggage of Tarantino’s opinions and treatment of female characters and cast members have influenced the way I read Once Upon a Time in Hollywood.</p> <p>Boycotting a film can send a strong message – not least of all to the studio’s bottom line. But there is also benefit to viewing these films, and using them as talking points for why we find them problematic.</p> <p>Watching Tarantino now, I still have immense respect for the artistry of his films and their aura of detached coolness. They captured the zeitgeist of a Generation X that was desperate for something different.</p> <p>But knowing some of the troubling issues surrounding a production and the filmmaker has added another layer of awareness and critique. It has given the films a different sort of relevance for the times. The questions I ask don’t look the same as those I asked before.</p> <p>Tarantino isn’t making cinema in the same world as he once was – but then again, I’m not watching it in the same world, either.</p> <p><em>Written by Christina Lee. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/tarantino-has-a-questionable-record-in-the-metoo-context-so-should-we-boycott-his-new-film-121985"><em>The Conversation</em></a><em>.</em></p>

Movies

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How to stop hackers from attacking your mobile phone while online shopping

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In new research revealed by Norton’s cyber safety insight report, about 30 per cent of shoppers have fallen victim to cybercrime in the past year at a cost of a shocking $1.3 billion.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The report noted that 21 per cent of smartphone users had no idea that their device was able to be hacked.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Cybercrime expert Julian Plummer agrees that users are laxer about mobile security compared to their laptops.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“As mobile becomes increasingly de rigueur the security risk to consumers will only rise,” said Mr Plummer, who is the managing director of Midwinter Financial Services in Sydney.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">There are two ways that your smartphone is able to be hacked, which is phishing and over public wi-fi networks.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As hackers are only getting smarter at duping their victims when it comes to phishing, sophisticated criminals are now impersonating big-name brands, including banks and other institutions.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“It used to be that seeing a padlock in the URL bar meant that the site was safe, but now hackers are ‘securing’ their sites using cheap security certificates to provide a false sense of security,” Mr Plummer warned to </span><a href="https://thenewdaily.com.au/life/tech/2019/05/29/mobile-phone-cybercrime-safety/"><span style="font-weight: 400;"><em>The New Daily</em></span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The second way is via public Wi-Fi networks, which is surprisingly sophisticated.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Hackers use a ‘Wi-Fi pineapple’ to mimic a public wi-fi access point,” he explained.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Unfortunately, logging on to these malicious wi-fi access points allows hackers to intercept any unencrypted personal data. Always be very wary when connecting to an untrusted wi-fi network – especially overseas.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It’s easy to protect yourself from hackers though, according to Mr Plummer.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“The crucial thing for mobile phone users is to stop reusing passwords,” Mr Plummer said.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“With a major security breach happening almost on a monthly basis, if hackers were to get your password from one shopping website, they then have access to all your online accounts if you re-use your password.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The second way to keep your information safe might be tedious, but it’ll be worth it in the long run. It involves keeping your phone’s operating system up to date.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“The main reason manufacturers provide updates is to close off security loopholes within their device,” Mr Plummer said.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“Hackers are well versed in any security bugs in your mobile device, so make sure you have automatic updates turned on for your mobile phone.”</span></p>

Technology